And because he likely has a predisposition to developing phobias and this is the specific thing he's latched onto, he is irrationally afraid. More than four decades later, President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which offered a formal apology to Japanese American internees and a payout of $20,000 to internment camp survivors. For more details, see our Privacy Policy. People with this “fear” are known as xenophobes and the attitudes they have as xenophobic. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. - Definition & Characteristics, What is Social Welfare? They praise the British for being cultured and refined and the French for their cuisine and fashion. This usually comes from fear of what the other party stands for, which is exactly what xenophobia is. Log in here for access. Do Undocumented Immigrants Have Constitutional Rights? As George framed them, the Chinese were untrustworthy and inferior to Westerners. succeed. But this is a reductive view and doesn't help individuals afflicted with this psychological condition. international migration. In short, xenophobia is a fear or dislike of anything that is foreign, which can be a culture, a people, or even a subject. xenophobia: [noun] fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners or of anything that is strange or foreign. Money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy. More than 200,000 Chinese nationals traveled to the United States after the gold rush of 1849. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Authoritarianism, principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action.In government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people. Xenophobia. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Xenophobia can manifest in racist behavior but it is usually more related to something a person simply doesn't understand and has a fear of even trying to comprehend. 's' : ''}}. To divide (a region or body) into smaller mutually hostile states or groups. Racism means that a specific race dislikes and looks down upon other races because they feel superior. A young Republican student has been brought up to believe everything about the Republican agenda. AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description This is the core document for the course. History of the Asian American Civil Rights Movement, 5 Common Misconceptions About Black Lives Matter, Common Myths and Stereotypes About Hispanics and Immigration. Xenophobia includes straight people being afraid and disapproving of gay people. Create an account to start this course today. Interracial Marriage Laws History and Timeline, 10 Myths About Spanish and the People Who Speak It, M.A., English and Comparative Literary Studies, Occidental College, B.A., English, Comparative Literature, and American Studies, Occidental College. It does not have to be based on race, like racism, which is more accurately defined as a specific race disliking and looking down upon other races because they feel superior. Where racism assumes a race is superior to others, xenophobia is instead based on the lack of understanding of another culture, which makes them scary. Services. Xenophobia—"fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners"—has the look and feel of a word that has been in the English language for hundreds of years, borne of the tumultuous political climates of the Renaissance and the penchant that many writers back then had for fashioning fancy new words from Latin and Greek.It is not that old. It took until June 2012 for the U.S. House of Representatives to pass a resolution apologizing for the Chinese Exclusion Act. 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Yet the meaning of this multisyllabic word remains a mystery to many of the people who adopt xenophobic attitudes or find themselves subjected to them. Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 3: Migration. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. a change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition. Her reporting focuses education, race, and public policy. This specific phobia is one of the few that can result in violence and abuse towards others. Roosevelt signed the order under the guise that any American of Japanese descent was a potential threat to the United States, as they could join forces with Japan to commit espionage or other attacks against the country. PDF; 7.44 MB; See Where AP Can Take You. All rights reserved. This is purely the fear of one student and her inability to understand the new student and her culture, which means the student may suffer from xenophobia. Xenophobia: Xenophobia refers to the practice of disliking immigrants, which can involve specific behaviors like blaming immigrants for the problems of one's own society regardless of evidence. Xenophobia is an irrational and unreasoned fear. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Xenophobia definition, an aversion or hostility to, disdain for, or fear of foreigners, people from different cultures, or strangers: Xenophobia and nationalism can be seen as a … It could be their upbringing, a bad experience, the environment in which they live, or even something like genetic predisposition toward developing phobias. Visit the Intro to Criminal Justice: Help and Review page to learn more. Although the behaviors can be against a certain race, it is not based on race specifically but more an internal fear of others that they don't understand. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The term xenophobia refers to the fear of that which is different, foreign, or strange. Zionism, Jewish nationalist movement that originated in eastern and central Europe in the latter part of the 19th century that has had as its goal the creation and support of a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews. Xenophobia and racism go hand in hand, as the examples in this overview demonstrate. Traveling and experiencing new things, even if those things are not related to xenophobic tendencies, can still open minds and create a better appreciation for the unknown. This argument from Mark is not logical, since the gay community is not trying to change any morals or the values of other communities. Such xenophobic opinions not only kept Chinese workers on the sidelines of the labor force and dehumanized them but also led to U.S. lawmakers banning Chinese immigrants from entering the country. In the United States, known for being the land of immigrants, multiple groups have been the targets of xenophobia, including Italians, Irish, Poles, Slavs, Chinese, Japanese and a variety of immigrants from Latin America. Xenophobia is a broad notion, associated with a variety of meanings. This lesson will discuss xenophobia, its symptoms, and some examples. See more. 60 terms. In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court ultimately gutted some parts of the law, including the provision allowing police to arrest immigrants without probable cause and the provision making it a state crime for unauthorized immigrants not to carry registration papers at all times. Although the actual cause is unknown there are ways to overcome this phobia. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. He has likely been taught or convinced by various sources that homosexuality is wrong, or he simply is uncomfortable with men acting differently than he believes they should. A 1997 review article on xenophobia holds that it is "an element of a political struggle about who has the right to be cared for by the state and society: a fight for the collective good of the modern state." Sneetch. How does the law protect citizens against xenophobia? In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act to halt the migration of Chinese nationals. 187 aimed to bar undocumented immigrants from receiving public services such as education or medical treatment. the policy or practice of preserving or reviving an Indigenous culture. You can opt-out at any time. Study.com has thousands of articles about every He said that they “do not share those values, and … have high rates of illiteracy, illegitimacy, and gang crime, and they will vote Democrat when the Democrats promise them more food stamps.”, In short, since Latinos aren’t 1950s WASPs, they must be bad for the United States. Let's start with small-town student, Anne, that has never left the county where she lives. It also mandated teachers, healthcare workers, and others to report individuals they suspected of being undocumented to the authorities. It is important to keep in mind that xenophobia has this name for a reason. Seeking out counseling from a professional, especially one who is an expert in treating phobias, is the best way to treat severe cases. The AP Human Geography course prepares students to “explain how globalization is influencing cultural interactions and change.” This was not the “diffusion question,” just like it was not the “pop culture question” or the “language question.” In the 21st century, such fears continue. The high court, however, left in the provision allowing authorities to check a person’s immigration status while enforcing other laws if they have reasonable cause to believe the individuals reside in the U.S. illegally. It can also be a primary motivating factor in less dramatic, but no less important, circumstances, like limits on immigration, racism, tariffs, civil unrest and so on. Segregation, as a broad concept, has appeared in all parts of the world where people exist—in different contexts and times it takes on different forms, shaped by the physical and human environments. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Xenophobia essentially translates to ''fear of strangers''. 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