Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. There are several different cherry plum cultivars that produce small plums ranging in taste from sweet to tart. Plumcots, apriums, and pluots are all naturally developed fruits that combine varieties of plums and apricots. ‘Friar’ plums are popular large Japanese plums with sweet, juicy flesh. The red ones have a sweet-tart flavor, and the yellow varieties are smaller, rounder and are also called lemon plums. The skin on these round plums is a dark purple color with hints of a blue dusty wax coating. The cherry plum tree (Prunus cerasifera) reaches between 15 and 20 feet in height with similar spreads. European Plums. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. Mexican Plum. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. There are different types and varieties of plums for every taste. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and … Still there are so many varieties of plums which are really very yummy and tasty. Quince. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. The intensely sweet, juicy flesh also makes this a perfect plum for snacking on. Some types of plums have a red sour flavored-skin that surrounds sweet juicy yellow flesh. CAMBRIDGE GAGE. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. This plum cultivar is usually ripe for eating in mid- to late summer. These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. ‘Santa Rosa’ plums are drupes that have reddish-purple skin with juicy strawberry-colored flesh. This sweet and sour taste combination makes damson plums excellent for using in savory or sweet dishes to add a bit of tartness. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. The drupe fruit has a long, oblong shape similar to a small pear. It has large, elliptical, symmetrical fruit of very good quality. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. This juicy plum has reddish-black skin that surrounds yellow flesh. A new variety of plum which in most areas is more than a match for most other varieties. The most popular type of plums now are Japanese plums and come in black, red and yellow colors. Damson plum: These plum varieties are medium in size and round in shape with thick skin, juicy and yellow skin They start ripening in 1st week of June, the average yield can be expected during 40 kg /tree. Inside, the flesh of plums is soft and juicy, and it usually has an amber color. If you are looking for the largest type of plum, then the ‘Owen T’ cultivar is thought to be the biggest. Giulietta F1 Red 70–80 Hybrid Large Plum Standard Regular Leaf A V F N T A large fruited ‘Italian’ plum variety, which set well, even under cool conditions. Brought to the US from Bavaria in 1883 by Michael Ott. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Growers can cross these types of fruits to create new types of deliciously sweet stone fruits. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. One of the reasons why this type of plum is a popular variety for eating fresh is that it’s a freestone variety. The skin of these sweet plums is dark violet, and the waxy coating gives them a smoky appearance. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. The most commom variety of plum used for making prunes is the European plum. BLUE TIT. The most popular variety in the United States is the ‘Improved French Prune’ that makes some of the finest and sweetest prunes you can eat. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. There is hardly any tartness in the taste, and many say that the sweet taste is reminiscent of cherry-flavored fruit punch. This plum cultivar is similar to the ‘Owen T’ variety in size. It is native to Europe and Asia. The difference between these two cultivars is skin and flesh color. This species of plum is delicious fresh and is often dried to create sweet prunes. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. (45 kg) of medium-sized fruits. The Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia), sometimes called the sandhill plum, features black bark, red branches and green leaves that turn light yellow in the autumn. Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. European plums will grow where it's neither too cold nor too hot. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. One of the benefits of growing friar plum fruit trees is that they have a long harvesting time. Plum, Prunus domestica / Rosaceae There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. The tarter cultivars are suitable for using in baking or making jellies. The ‘Black amber’ variety of plum gets its name from the black, slightly tart skin and juicy amber-colored flesh. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. These medium- to large-sized plums have a round shape. They can … The red flesh is tart and sweet, and the skin tastes like berries. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! (230 g) and measure a whopping 3” (7.5 cm) across. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. Japanese varieties are usually earlier blooming, fleshier, softer and juicier. Plums are a type of stone fruit that can have oval or round shape. Black plums have mild to sweet taste and are usually used in tarts to add texture to baked dishes. The crop is ready for picking in late August, and the trees usually produce a bumper crop. Along with this, the taste, the amount of water, and the contribution of nutrients they contain can vary. Victoria plums are red in color, greengage plums are green in color and Mirabella plums are yellow in color and damson plums are black in color. One of two tomato varieties that inspired the creation of the Seed Savers Exchange. To those products and/or services and nectarines Associate we earn from qualifying.. Some are cooking and some are eating > plum varieties like Brooks.! 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