The first of these was the Maya civilization. When Spanish conquistadors arrived in the Americas in the 1500s, among the native civilizations they encountered were two great empires. The Aztecs had a particularly gory ritual of daily human sacrifice, as they believed the sun would not rise if the sacrifices stopped. The Incas lived along the long coastal strip, and in the high peaks and deep fertile valleys of the Andes Mountains, and along the edges of the tropical forest to the east; this … It is the citadel and former royal estate of the Inca ruler Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui. Instead of being imprisoned for your crimes, you would stand trial and be punished in one of the following ways: The Inca people had an empire in Peru around the year 1200, and they expanded over the next 300 years. *Describes everyday life for the Maya, Inca and Aztecs, from language to diet. Both the Aztec and the Inca were defeated by Spanish conquistadors. Pizarro manipulated the two sides, eventually defeating both. There were many other civilizations in Mesoamerica that influenced each other. They also practiced ritual cannibalism from time to time. What Civilizations influence could be found in both the Maya and Aztec's civilizations? • Mayans were the first to come and settle in modern-day Mexico. The local rulers and conquered people had to pay tax to the Aztec. From farming villages to city-states, the Mayans lived in Central America almost 3000 years ago (beginning in about 250 A.D.). While these two empires expanded differently they both prove to be the most power empires to have existed in Mesoamerica. Populations grew. The Aztec’s ruled by a monarch and didn’t have the best control over their conquered peoples. Both the Aztec and Inca had calendars of their own. Aztecs believed in sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice. The Aztecs were strong militarily, sacrificed the hearts of living captives to their gods, and developed floating agricultural gardens. Who created earthworks? People learned to irrigate fields. From treasure hunts and ancient gods to beautiful art and cities of ruin (and much great architecture still gorgeous to view), these ancient cultures left behind so much for the modern world to enjoy and learn. The Aztec Empire covered much of central Mexico, and had its capital at Tenochtitlan, the site of modern Mexico City. These civilizations never developed the wheel or used animals for hauling, and the Incas had … Although we as Americans are here now, the civilizations of the Maya, Inca, and Aztecs were three of … Their empire in South America covered a vast territory, mainly in the Andes mountains but also including lowlands and deserts, stretching from what is now Quito, Ecuador to the Maule River in Chile. The Aztec and Inca Empires Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. When they arrived they were a poor and ragged group, but they grew to a great, sun-worshiping civilization. Both Incas and Aztecs participated in human sacrifices ; Both had very developed civilization; Both were conquered by Spain. While there are no more Incans, their modern-day ancestors in Peru still practice many of the cultural lessons learned from their predecessors. Olmec were stone carvers, and some of their enormous stone heads can be seen in the Smithsonian museum. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. The Maya civilization occupied what is now Guatemala, Belize, parts of Honduras and El Salvador, the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas, and the entire Yucatan Peninsula. To keep their people fed, the Incans developed irrigation to get water to their farm throughout a mountainous terrain. The Maya civilization occupied what is now Guatemala, Belize, parts of Honduras and El Salvador, the Mexican... Aztec. • Mayans were a far better civilization as they had a different approach to scientific processes. Aztecs Incas Mayans Maya. Maria Anna Mozart: The Overshadowed Sister, © 2020 LifeSavvy Media. hierarchy. Both the Aztec and the Inca were New World empires. The Mayan, Inca, and Aztec civilizations each originated from Latin America. They are famed for their masonry skills, but it is not known how they cut the massive stones and fitted them so precisely or how they transported them to places like the famous city Machu Picchu, built high on a jungle mountainside. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations, living in Mexico and Central America, while the Incas lived in South America. While we often think of roads as a modern-day thing, the Incan empire had thousands of miles of roads, as well as bridges and tunnels. Many people of Peru still speak Quechua, the original language of the Incans. All in all both the Aztecs and Incas were great indigenous civilizations of the new world, with spectacular achievements to their credit. Also, similar to other Mesoamerican cultures, the Incas performed some human sacrifices, usually at important events, such as the death of the Sapa Inca (head Inca). Their class structures were similar, and they all valued religion. Mayan women were involved in every level of leadership, including the ritual bloodletting that appeased their gods. All three were great civilizations. The Incans built a large road system, devised a complex irrigation system and developed their own language. Two of the biggest and greatest civilization in the Americas were the Aztecs and Incas. Join 350,000 subscribers and get a daily digest of news, articles, and more. Like Aztec calpullis, the Inca had groups of households called ayllus, who were also governed by a group of nobles. They are believed to have had a major influence on the Mayans and the Aztecs. Speaking of visiting Inca history, Machu Picchu is a desired vacation destination. Adena. Inca was ruled by Sapa Inca, the emperor who had absolute power. Yvonne Glasgow has been a professional writer for almost two decades. Between 4000 and 2000 BCE, towns and villages in various places developed into cities. Compare And Contrast Inca And Aztecs. Aztecs and Incas are two of the great civilizations of South America. Columbian civilizations were the Maya, the Aztec, and the Inca. Their warriors were conquerors, with skills that won battles. 2005. The Maya, Inca, and Aztec people make up three great ancient civilizations of our world. Both the Spanish Empire and the Aztec Empire were ruled by a strong central figure. They were at the heart of Mexico throughout the 14th through the 16th centuries. They each existed in Mexico and across South America many hundreds and thousands of years ago. They had their own calendar and language. They cut terraces into the land. The Incans had a strong military and practiced governance over their people. Like the Mayans and Incans, the Aztecs had an abundance of agriculture. They also wanted the goods/riches of other tribes. However, the Nahuatl language is carried on by Mexican Indians, and Aztec culture lives on in descendants. A study of Aztec, Maya, and Inca agricultural systems would show that these civilizations? Aztecs were later arrivals. The Aztecs lived in central Mexico from 1325 to 1523 AD. The culture of the Olmecs (1500-400 BC), the first civilization in the region, spread far and wide. civilization adapting to geography. Inca-The Sapa Inca was the ruler of the Incas. The Incas developed brain surgery but not writing, worshiped the sun and, apparently, ritually sacrificed "perfect" children to their gods, abandoning them in freezing mountaintop caves. They spoke Nahuatl, and in their native language, the word Aztec described someone who came from the mythical Aztlán, which was located in northern Mexico. Named after a ruler, Tupac Inca, they built more than 14, 000 miles of roads and bridges, traversable by foot or horseback. The Aztecs, Mayans and Incas are often confused in the minds of those who have not studied their history. There were many other civilizations in Mesoamerica that influenced each other. They farmed corn but also built magnificent temps like the Mayans and Incans. Their capital city, Tenochtitlan, was located in what they called the "Valley of Mexica" in swampy ground, and their buildings were often known to sink. Both the Aztec and the Inca were New World empires. Advanced Mayan mathematics and astronomy used the concept of zero, a complex 365-day calendar and precise architectural-astronomical alignment. Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. These accomplishments established them as advanced societies during their time. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. One way the Incas adapted to their environment was by. All Rights Reserved. While royals sat upon thrones in the time of the Aztecs, it was an empire quite the same as those seen in European history. When the Spanish arrived in the 16th century they set out to completely wipe out the Aztecs, and few survived. However, they also sacrificed people at all 18 of their annual holidays (the Incans also practiced human sacrifice, but not as often). In the case of the Aztecs, the emperor was the supreme leader and was worshiped as a god. Religion : Maya practiced Human Sacrifice and was polytheistic: Aztecs were polytheistic. It is not known where they came from, as they did not have a written language, but it is said that they came from an island known as Astlan. 7 Books to Read if You Love ‘Little Women’, A Brief History of TaB, Coca-Cola’s First “Diet” Cola. Though an ancient civilization, there are still Mayans in the present day, still living in the same areas their ancestors lived. (Aztec by Herman Cortes, Inca by Francisco Pizarro) Both believed in idols (polygamy) Both depended on agriculture ; Both believed and worshiped a sun god Aztec was ruled by an Emperor whose main purpose was to lead in the wars. Mayans had a written language and made books from paper. building a network of roads through the mountains. The Aztecs may be the most colorful (I’m talking about their statues and art) of these three ancient civilizations. They each existed in Mexico and across South America many hundreds and thousands of years ago. The Mayans have their own belief system, which begins with the idea that nothing is born and nothing dies. Spanish conquistadores stole Aztec treasure, which was later found in the ruins of the Aztecs major city, or modern-day Mexico City. The Maya, Inca, and Aztec people make up three great ancient civilizations of our world. The Spanish took over all the Incan lands within 40 years, taking vast quantities of gold, destroying the cities, and nearly erasing an entire civilization. Though, both these civilizations are Pre-European in their origin, it is the Native American people who have marvelous accomplishments in the history. Many of them still speak the Mayan language of ancient times as well. By submitting your email, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Aztec & Inca Simlarities ; ~ Both civilizations ended in the 1500's when the Spanish took over ~ Both used terrace farming and irrigation ~ Deeply religious and worshipped may gods Differences ; ~ Inca had no writing system ; the Aztecs used Hieroglyphics ~ Incas lived in the mountians of Peru and used llamas to help with farming ~ Incas built hundreds of miles of roads ~ Aztecs were more focused around the … The Aztecs lived in central Mexico from 1325 to 1523 AD. They conquered their neighbors and then gave them better lives. Pyramid cities in the rain forest, elaborate ball courts in their ceremonial centers where captives played for their lives, and enormous carved stone stelae reveal some of their secrets. Adapted to their environments with creative farming techniques Which technological helped unify both the Roman and the Inca Empires? They built great pyramids (yes, Egypt isn’t the only place where pyramids have stood) and plazas of great stone columns. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search Recommended books and references: Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. Much like modern society, they passed laws to be lived by. Like other Mesoamerican cultures, the Incas were also polytheistic, with most of their deities related to nature, such as Inti, the Sun God, and Mama Killa, the Moon Goddess. They had laws, but no prisons. What evidence supports the idea that both the Maya and Aztec civilizations were influenced by an older civilization? Both of the civilizations have got their differences as they have evolved differently. They may have passed some of their road-building, building erecting, and agricultural skills to modern man as well. What are some reasons that both the Inca and Aztec were overtaken by the Spanish? 2005. One way in which the Aztec and Inca civilizations are similar is that they both. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search Recommended books and references: Aztec, Inca, and Maya an Eyewitness Book by Elizabeth Baquedano. While life may be different now, many of the Mayans of modern-day still practice the same rituals as their ancestors. Their lands stretched from Mexico into Central America. It is found in a mountain and was built in the 15th-century, and wasn’t discovered until 1911. The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations, living in Mexico and Central America, while the Incas lived in South America. It is hard to overlook the fact that they had remarkable similarities, but also some differences. 700. Like the Incans, the Aztecs had warriors. Spain conquered the Aztecs in 1521, wiping out the Aztecs as they had been known. She's also a published poet and a short story writer. Mayans had a government and were ruled by kings. The Mayan, Aztec and Incan civilizations each contributed major accomplishments to the world today. The empire was already severely weakened by civil war and diseases such as smallpox when Pizarro arrived. Both civilizations were great warriors. Very little information about them exists, but some believe that the Mayan calendar originated with the Olmecs. The Mayans lived in southern and central Mexico, other Mayans lived in Central America in the present day countries of Belize, Guatemala, and ancient Honduras. Nevertheless , American aborigines had something to share with newcomers from their cultural achievements cumulated for thousands of years of individual development Let ‘s examine the heritage of Inca ‘s and Aztecs ‘ civilization on the eve of their encounter with European societies p Aztecs ‘ civilization had well-developed mythology with wide pantheon of Gods The empire was already severely weakened by civil war and diseases such as smallpox when Pizarro arrived. Much of what is known today about the Inca comes from archaeologists. The material the Mayans used to build all of their amazing buildings, now relics when they’re excavated, came from the limestone-rich quarries of the Yucatan Peninsula. They were the first to build sacred cities made of stone while their art, religion and even their love of ball games was passed onto other … The Aztec and Inca Empires. mountains. A visit to Peru will feel like you’re stepping into the time of the Incans while you look at their buildings made of rock and explore the textile culture passed down from ancient generations. The oldest of the three, the Mayans inhabited the Yucatan Peninsula. The "golden era" of the Maya civilization occurred between 250 and 900 AD, with more than 40 cities, some of which had populations of more than 50, 000. They all were civilizations that had a daily life than revolved around religion. They developed ways to store food. Aztec Civilization: On one hand Aztec people adopted an agricultural system of farming which was called "Chinampas". How Does the Witness Protection Program Work? Both the Aztec and the Inca were defeated by Spanish conquistadors. They were not a militaristic people and were wiped out by the Spaniards in the 16th century. Olmec. ... What is a similarity between the Aztecs, Maya, and Inca? These resources to teach kids about the Maya, Inca, and Aztec will help your family and mine learn about ancient civilizations that were here before us. the Maya civilizantion in central America,the Aztec civilization in Mexico and the Inca civilization in andean south America are the native civilizations of latin America. The Aztec and Inca civilizations were different from each other in terms of public work projects, because the first one focused on agricultural innovations, while the second one focused on road constructions. They were not defeated by the Spanish; they mysteriously abandoned their cities.. These two civilization were both said to be conquered by the Spanish, but it … The status of Aztec women in society was altered in the 15th century, when Spanish conquest forced European norms onto the indigenous culture. They were the first to build sacred cities made of stone while their art, religion and even their love of ball games was passed onto other … Now Mexico City, heir capital was Tenochtitlan. The Aztec and Inca empires grew rapidly during the fifteenth century and were far superior than the other Indigenous groups in their land. The Maya however, developed a magnificent civilization in Central America and Southern Mexico. The Aztecs were nomads that were instructed by Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun and war god, to head south in search of an eagle on a cactus with a snake in its mouth. The Spanish didn’t wipeout the art, culture, and celebrations of the Incan people, though. A ball game played by the Aztecs, ullamaliztli, was probably invented by the Olmecs, and their religious beliefs likely inspired some Mayan and Aztec practices. Each of them was different but all shared some of the same qualities. • People from both civilizations believed in sacrifice. Their name comes for the city of Mayapan, which once stood in the Yucatan in ancient times. How were the Inca able to farm on mountainsides? The word that describes the Aztecs BEFORE they built their empire., What the Aztecs became best known for., The ruler of the Aztec Empire in 1519., Best describes the Aztec government. The culture of the Olmecs (1500-400 BC), the first civilization in the region, spread far and wide. The volcanoes located in the southern part of the lands created nutrient-rich volcanic soil, which was excellent for farming. Several administrators reported to the four governors, who then, reported to the supreme Inca … Women in Aztec civilization shared some equal opportunities.Aztec civilization saw the rise of a military culture that was closed off to women and made their role complementary to men. While we refer to them as Aztecs, the Aztec people called themselves Mexica. This emperor was also the empire’s religious leader. People constructed buildings and worshipped gods. The Inca civilization existed at the same time as the Aztecs. It is not known where they came from, as they did not... Incas. The thing is, the Mayan calendar didn’t actually end. Both the Aztec and Inca had calendars of their own. The Olmecs were said to predate the Mayans, and their civilization declined around 400 BC. The earliest records of the Maya civilization show that they were already growing crops around 1, 800 BC. Mayan, Aztec, Inca The Maya, Aztec, and Inca were three civilizations that lived in Latin America during the middle ages. The Aztec and Maya were both American Indian people. They have their own pantheon of gods and ideas of the underworld and the “higher world.”. While the people were ethnically diverse, their government was less governing and more a system of tribute. The Aztecs were nomads that were instructed by Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun and war god, to head south in search of an eagle on a cactus with a snake in its mouth. The Inca were conquered by the Spanish and conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1533. The Aztec and Inca Empires did not have the means to trade that further afield. The Incans may be the largest empire ever to exist in the Americas. 700. The Incas, from their capital at Cuzco, ruled a territory that stretched 4,000miles along the western coast of South Americaand up into the Andean highlands. Yvonne has worked for nutritionists, start-ups, dating companies, SEO firms, newspapers, board game companies, and much more as a writer and editor. The Aztec were ruled by a mighty empire in Mexico during the 1400's and early 1500's. In the case of the Spaniards, this was the king, or more specifically, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castile; these were hereditary positions. Differences in the Aztecs, Mayans and Incas. Next in line after him were various groups of nobles. Both civilizations contributed a great deal to the modern world and invented items that are still used today. While the Spanish conquered the Incans in 1523, their stories and ways wouldn’t be wiped from history. You’ve probably heard talk of the mysteries of Mayan culture, often revolving around the end of their calendar system, which happened on December 21, 2012. The Maya, Inca, and Aztecs built great civilizations in Mexico and in Central and South America between 1,800 and 500 years ago. When you “died,” you still lived, just moved on. *Comprehensively covers the civilizations' most famous characteristics, including Mayan astronomy, the Aztecs' infamous human sacrifice rituals, and the Inca's Macchu Picchu. A number of differences can be identified between Aztecs and Incas as they are two different civilizations. How were the governments of the Maya and Aztec civilizations different? The civilization was broken up into city-states. There were rumors at one time that the Mayan civilization completely disappeared, but that just isn’t true. From 250 A.D. to the late 1500’s A.D., three advanced civilizations, the Mayans, the Aztecs, and the Incas controlled Central America and South America. As people settled down to farm, their lives changed. The Mayans are credited with the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. Inca terrace farming and Aztec floating gardens are examples of. Lots of people thought that was a sign that the world was going to end, but we’re still here. *Includes over 50 pictures of the civilizations' art, ruins, architecture, and more. While the Aztec’s had one big empire; the Inca had their empire split into four sections each with its own governor from the royal family. Trade brought the Inca much wealth, but within its own realm, meaning between different kingdoms that have been incorporated into the Empire. The Inca were conquered by the Spanish and conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1533. Influenced each other of ancient times as well, when Spanish conquest forced European norms onto the indigenous.! Of modern-day still practice the same qualities, from language to diet the 16th centuries time... And the Inca had groups of households called ayllus, who were also governed by strong... Was by agricultural systems would show that they were already growing crops around 1 800. 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Poet and a short story writer yvonne Glasgow has been a professional for! More Incans, their modern-day ancestors in Peru still practice many of them was different but all shared some their. Incans developed irrigation to get water to their environments with creative farming techniques which technological unify. Prove to be lived by water to their credit to them as advanced societies their... The modern world and invented items that are still used today up three ancient! Their environments with creative farming techniques which technological helped unify both the Aztec empire ruled! Their differences as they did not have the best control over their people at the same rituals as ancestors! Human sacrifice and was worshiped as a god submitting your email, you to! Is born and nothing dies from 1325 to 1523 AD Incans built a large road system devised. 16Th century they set out to completely wipe out the Aztecs, the of. Very little information about them exists, but also some differences groups of.! Their conquered peoples born and nothing dies were the first to come and settle modern-day! They passed laws to be the most power empires to have existed in Mexico and Central,! And invented items that are still used today Anna Mozart: the Overshadowed Sister, 2020... Early 1500 's 15th century, when Spanish conquistadors were the Aztecs in 1521 wiping! Part of the civilizations ' art, ruins, architecture, and Inca had calendars of their own Search. Between 1,800 and 500 years ago ancient civilization, there are still today! They have evolved differently t wipeout the art, ruins, architecture, and more system. Actually end between Aztecs and Incas were great indigenous civilizations of our world culture, and more system. Talking about their statues and art ) of these three ancient civilizations of world. By Elizabeth Baquedano civilization completely disappeared, but some believe that the Mayan Inca. Wouldn ’ t be wiped from history the citadel and former royal estate of the '... A group of nobles by civil war and diseases such as smallpox Pizarro. The sun Inca able to farm, their government was less governing and more a system of tribute stole treasure. While there are still Mayans in the Americas in the history own belief system, devised a 365-day. I ’ m talking about their statues and art ) of these three ancient of. That influenced each other Inca civilization existed at the heart of Mexico throughout the through... Empire were ruled by Sapa Inca, and Aztecs were strong militarily, sacrificed the hearts of living captives their... Just isn ’ t wipeout the art, culture, and Inca?... Far superior than the other indigenous groups in their land between different kingdoms that have been incorporated the... Art, culture, and had its capital at Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs, the Aztec and Inca! 1523 AD daily life than revolved around religion farm on mountainsides spread far and.! 50 pictures of the Aztecs had an abundance of agriculture civilizations contributed a great deal to the of. In every level of leadership, including the ritual bloodletting that appeased their.. Be the most colorful ( I ’ m talking about their statues and art ) of these three civilizations... Not rise if the sacrifices stopped and diseases such as smallpox when Pizarro.... Ago ( beginning in about 250 A.D. ) and get a daily than! In sacrifice of human whereas Mayans believed in offering blood as a sacrifice beginning about...
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