Vegetative Reproduction-Silver maple can be propagated vegetatively. However, they fell out of favor for this purpose because of brittle wood, unattractive form when not pruned or trained, and tendency to produce large numbers of volunteer seedlings. United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: University of Connecticut Plant Database: Silver Maple, Trees of Western North Carolina: Silver Maple, Portrait of the Earth, Winter ID pictures, Plant Maps, Interactive Distribution Map for, photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Missouri in 1989, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_saccharinum&oldid=984206759, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Trees of the Plains-Midwest (United States), Pages using Jepson eFlora template without author names, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 20:38. Although the wings provide for some transport by air, the fruit are heavy and are also transported by water. On similar sites with no vegetation control the average height is less than 2 feet. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. Some of the common names are also applied to other maples, especially Acer rubrum. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. In many parts of the eastern U.S., the large rounded buds are one of the primary food sources for squirrels during the spring, after many acorns and nuts have sprouted and the squirrels' food is scarce. The flowers are in dense clusters, produced before the leaves in early spring,[5] with the seeds maturing in early summer. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. The silver maple tree is a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree, commonly reaching a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft), exceptionally 35 m (115 ft). Its spread will generally be 11–15 m (36–49 ft) wide. Silver maple tends to grow well in both pure and mixed species stands although growth is largely a function of site and competition. Our future. The 5–12 cm (2–4 3⁄4 in) long, slender stalks of the leaves mean that even a light breeze can produce a striking effect as the downy silver undersides of the leaves are exposed. Silver maple's natural range encompasses most of the eastern US, the midwestern US and southern Canada, that being Southern Ontario and southwestern Quebec. In most cases, the crown has a roughly oval or rounded shape. [3][4] It is one of the most common trees in the United States. Native throughout most of the eastern United States. The silver maple is closely related to the red maple (Acer rubrum) and can hybridise with it. Have tree and plant questions? They can also change sex from year to year. The following menu has 3 levels. Although the silver maple‘s Latin name is similar, it should not be confused with Acer saccharum, the sugar maple. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. The preferred size of seedlings for establishing plantations of silver maple in Ontario is 30 cm (12 in) in height and 6 mm (0.25 in) in root-collar diameter (43). [6] Additionally, the leaves serve as a source of food for species of Lepidoptera, such as the rosy maple moth (Dryocampa rubicunda). Weak wooded and is prone to storm damage. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Silver maple is a native, deciduous, medium-sized tree. In plantations where there is intense vegetation management, silver maple can average 12.5 feet after five growing seasons. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Silver maple is often planted as an ornamental tree because of its rapid growth and ease of propagation and transplanting. The species is ideal for wet bottomland sites and can easily recover from extended periods of flooding.. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Use enter to activate. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 8 m (26 ft) tall. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple,[3] creek maple, silverleaf maple,[3] soft maple, large maple,[3] water maple,[3] swamp maple,[3] or white maple,[3] is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. Young bark is smooth and gray and develops long wide strips that turn upward at the ends as tree age. The silver maple tree is a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree, commonly reaching a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft), exceptionally 35 m (115 ft). The autumn color is less pronounced than in many maples, generally ending up a pale yellow, although some specimens can produce a more brilliant yellow and even orange and red colorations. This species has become over planted. The silver maple reaches 50 to 80 feet in height and has a 35- to 50-foot-wide, vase-shaped canopy. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Mature height ranges from 90 to 120 feet (27-36 m). In ideal natural conditions, A. saccharinum may live up to 130 years but in urban environments often 80 or less. While it can be an excellent tree for landscaping, it also presents some undesirable characteristics. It is a highly adaptable tree, although it has higher sunlight requirements than other maple trees. Silver maple trees can grow to a height of around 50 to 80 feet. Acer saccharinum commonly known as silver maple gets its name from the silvery undersides of its leaves. It is considered somewhat undesirable as a shade tree because of its brittleness and susceptibility to insects, disease, heat, and alkaline soils. The silver maple tree (Acer saccharinum) is one the most common trees of North America.It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall. The cultivar Acer × freemanii .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}Autumn Blaze = 'Jeffersred'[13] has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Simple, opposite leaves are medium green about 3 to 6 inches long;  5 lobed, with silvery underside. Following World War II, silver maples were commonly used as a landscaping and street tree in suburban housing developments and cities due to their rapid growth, especially as a replacement for the blighted American elm. It is generally absent from the humid US coastal plain south of Maryland meaning it is confined to the Appalachians in those states, and does not occur along the Gulf Coast or in Florida outside a few scattered locations in the panhandle. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. The seeds are also a food source for squirrels, chipmunks and birds. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 8 m (26 ft) tall. The fruit are the largest of any native maple. On branches and young trunks, the bark is smooth and silvery gray. Wildlife uses the silver maple in various ways. The preferred size of seedlings for establishing plantations of silver maple in Ontario is 30 cm (12 in) in height and 6 mm (0.25 in) in root-collar diameter (43). The wood of this maple tree is soft and can be damaged by severe winds or ice storms. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. silver maple, swamp maple, water maple, silverleaf maple, white maple, soft maple. Today the tree has fallen so far out of favor that some towns and cities have banned its use as a street tree.[11][12]. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. Building the urban forest for 2050. Silver maple trees can tolerate compacted, poor soils, hot and dry climates, urban conditions and even air pollution. Vegetative Reproduction-Silver maple can be propagated vegetatively. The silver maple's root system is shallow and fibrous and easily invades septic fields and old drain pipes; it can also crack sidewalks and foundations. This species has become over planted. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Seed production begins at 11 years of age and large crops are produced most years. Like most maples, silver maple can be variably dioecious (separate male or female trees) or monoecious (male and female flowers on the same tree) but dioecious trees are far more common. Typically found growing in wet bottomlands. However, its quick growth produces brittle wood which is commonly damaged in storms. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The seeds of both trees have no epigeal dormancy and will germinate immediately. Silver maple is characterized as a fast growing species [].The trunk is often separated into several upright branches near the ground [].The crown is usually open and rounded [].The bark of young stems is smooth; it becomes darker and furrowed to … Its spread will generally be 11–15 m (36–49 ft) wide. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. [8], Today the wood can be used as pulp for making paper. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. The silver maple is the favored host of the maple bladder gall mite Vasates quadripedes. It is also commonly cultivated outside its native range, showing tolerance of a wide range of climates, growing successfully as far north as central Norway and south to Orlando, Florida. The trunks tend to produce cavities, which can shelter squirrels, raccoons, opossums, owls and woodpeckers. Description : Size/Price: Landscape Uses: Shade, Specimen, 2.0" = $471.00: Parkway/street : 2.5" = $587.00: Height: 40-60 feet : 3.0" = $727.00: Width: 40-50 feet Silver maples produce numerous branches that make the tree dense with foliage. Because of the silver maple's fast growth, it is being researched as a potential source of biofuels. It is one of the best trees for poor soil and it transplants very easily. The Silver Maple tree, Acer Saccharinum, is a medium to large fast growing tree.. [7], Native Americans used the sap of wild trees to make sugar, as medicine, and in bread. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. The leaves are simple and palmately veined, 8–16 cm (3 1⁄4–6 1⁄4 in) long and 6–12 cm (2 1⁄4–4 3⁄4 in) broad, with deep angular notches between the five lobes. The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. The tree has a tendency to color and drop its leaves slightly earlier in autumn than other maples. It can thrive in a Mediterranean climate, as at Jerusalem and Los Angeles, if summer water is provided. It is considered somewhat undesirable as a shade tree because of its brittleness and susceptibility to insects, disease, heat, and alkaline soils. [6] Silver maple produces a sweet sap but it is generally not used by commercial sugarmakers because its sugar content is lower than in other maple species.[10]. [6] An infusion of bark removed from the south side of the tree is used by the Mohegan for cough medicine. It is a vigorous resprouter, and if not pruned, will often grow with multiple trunks. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood, less invasive roots, and the beautiful bright red fall foliage of the red maple. It is often found along waterways and in wetlands, leading to the colloquial name "water maple". On mature trunks, the bark is gray and shaggy. Silver maple is a fast-growing landscape tree that can reach a height of 70 feet or more and a trunk diameter of up to 2 feet. Has a vigorous root system that can invade sewer pipes. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Silver maple, Acer saccharinum, is the softest-wooded maple and can grow to 100 feet or more in height. Growth Rate This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. The bark can be eaten by beaver and deer. Verticillium wilt,  anthracnose, tar spot, cottony maple scale, maple bladder gall. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research.". Our communities. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Prune in summer. It is also grown in temperate parts of the Southern Hemisphere: Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, the southern states of Brazil (as well as in a few low-temperature locations within the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais). The hybrid is known as the Freeman maple (Acer × freemanii). [9] Lumber from the tree is used in furniture, cabinets, flooring, musical instruments, crates, and tool handles, because it is light and easily worked. It is highly tolerant of urban situations and is frequently planted next to streets. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Drought sensitive, provide supplemental water in dry periods. Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of … Silver maple and its close cousin red maple are the only Acer species which produce their fruit crop in spring instead of fall. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. Silver Maple. Some of them may have a length of more than 100 feet. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. It is a highly adaptable tree, although it has higher sunlight requirements than other maple trees. It is often found along waterways and in wetlands, leading to the colloquial name "water maple". Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Green in summer; yellow-green in fall. SI-BAE Annual Report #43: 264-270 (p. 269), Learn how and when to remove this template message, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "Approved Street Tree List for Denver's Public Rights-of-way", "Acer × freemanii Autumn Blaze = 'Jeffersred. Stop by, email, or call. [14], Tantaquidgeon, Gladys 1928 Mohegan Medicinal Practices, Weather-Lore and Superstitions. [citation needed]. The fruit are samaras, each containing a single seed, and winged, in pairs, small (5–10 mm or 0.20–0.39 in in diameter), the wing about 3–5 cm (1 1⁄4–2 in) long. They used the wood to make baskets and furniture. Our trees. Although it naturally is found near water, it can grow on drier ground if planted there. May be weedy, spreading many seedlings in lawns and gardens. Silver maple is a fast-growing landscape tree that can reach a height of 70 feet or more and a trunk diameter of up to 2 feet. 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