Title Image Kanji, By en:User:Jossi – Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8803117, The Light That Shines Through Infinity: Zen and the Energy of Life, Janovich, Tony. This is the first stage of learning. They have been a mainstay of my writing, teaching, speaking since then. Read the little story here… kokoro extends shu ha ri (PDF) Share This Post. We think we’ve seen spiritual truth. In this post, I want to present this concept applied to agile teams and use it as a tool to help agile coaches to … They have learned that tools exist to leverage their knowledge and experience - they decide what test they want to do, then see if there is a tool that can help them do it. Advancing through the 5 Levels depends on how we perceive the plasticity of our mind. They have the knowledge to do most things they need to, but they still need to think hard about the best way to do things and which approach(es) to use. Understanding both versions can help teachers and students alike; and empower the individual in every aspect of life. Back to Kiai Echo March 2019 – February 2020. etc. The quick concepts are: None of these stages or phases describes a Dan or kyu rank. Aug 17th. It does not mean ‘heart’; that would be, which is a modern label for a ‘love-heart’ (emotional reference). In Scrum or Kanban, this would mean that the ceremonies and basic activities are being implemented. Here are 10 Kokoro quotes from magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence of their field. While these are normal for our species, they are behavior ‘anti-patterns’ to a Growth Mindset and life-long learning. Ha: Break the rules. This person has shibumi. Time for Agilists to move-on. We’ve just updated our devices list for website and app testing. This is actually a regressive trait). Around 2000, I was writing about the 3 levels of listening, and someone introduced me to Shu-Ha-Ri. We (humans) expect to get something from what we do. It can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people. Eihei Dogen and Dainin Katagiri explain this unification as the ‘Buddha body’³. Shu-level students tend to seek "magic bullet" tools (automation, security test tools, accessibility test tools etc) that will instantly catapult them to the Ri level without any of the hard work, learning and practice. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. This is the final stage. Then something happens, perhaps on the mat and you sense there is more to understand. This stage is a chance for you to practice. Nice :). They are at the second of the four levels of competence - Consciously Incompetent. Professionally I am of the opinion that there are very few actual Ri people; they are the quiet self-effacing people in the room. The learner focuses on repetition to develop recognition, muscle memory set the foundation to be successful. Confidence precedes them or is noticeable. ON SEN -INITIATIVE. It takes time to learn this part of our practice. The idea is that a person passes through three stages of gaining knowledge: Inevitably the athlete realizes more and more depth to their training. However, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the ri level: “kokoro”. This is the turning point which has aroused the Way-seeking Mind. In aligning with Alistair Cockburn’s Heart of Agile and Shu Ha Ri Kokoro we’re proposed that the 8 elements make up the Ri stage with Kokoro as the elite Agile Coach stage where coaching competencies and behaviours boil down to: Listening with empathy. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. Kokoro extends Shu-Ha-Ri with “Heart” In March 2015, I was searching for a way to extend Shu-Ha-Ri with a radical simplification… and found “kokoro”. Like many of you, my eyes rolled and the audible groan emanating from my coffee filled mouth was likely heard across the office upon reading the byte-sized descriptions. This level doesn't really fit any of the four levels of competence, so some people have suggested a fifth level - Reflective Competence. This is the second stage of learning according to Zen Buddhism. www.thezensite.com/ZenTeachings/Dogen_Teachings/Shobogenzo_Complete.html, Blackbelt Class – Sensei Filiberto Gutierrez, Blackbelt Class – Professor Robert Hodgkin. Shu Ha Ri (then Kokoro) Shu Ha Ri is a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. Curiously, a small number of highly-experienced testers go completely the other way, devoting huge amounts of effort to the collection and analysis of metrics. In this context we can roughly understand this concept as ‘mind-no-mind’ or something similar. Now you understand the basics you know when you can break the rules for the benefit of the context in which you find yourself. Understand the fundamental building blocks which everything is built upon. The name comes from Japanese martial arts (particularly Aikido), and Alistair Cockburn introduced it as a way of thinking about learning techniques and methodologies for software development.. Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. : A return to one’s original state. Singh: Kokoro is basically a stage where you have mastered the basics of any technique, and is an extension of Shu-Ha-Ri, where the Kokoro stage comes after the Ri stage. All testers start at this level and I'm tempted to say that few have progressed beyond it. However, one of the key take-aways for me was not specific to Agile at all. พอเราเอา Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro กลับไปประกบกับ The 4 Stages of Learning ก็จะได้ว่า Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro จะเกิดขึ้นตั้งแต่ช่วงลำดับขั้นที่ 3 ของ The 4 Stages of Learning เป็นต้นไป As Zen, Soto Zen in particular, explains things, our original ‘state’ is one of pure energy. And yet we cannot stay at the top of the mountain. (Ri confidence should not be confused with elitism and self-promotion. The initial LinkedIn article and inaccurate Wikipedia entry all attribute Aikido with understanding and quantifying the progression of learning development in humans. That's why they tend to be great teachers at all levels, whereas Ri-level people typically teach complex stuff that only other Ri-level people can understand. Growth Mindset is consistent with Ri. The longer we train the worse it gets sometimes. Asking deep questions. They tend to regard everything they test as a black box and are prone to asking questions such as "how do you test an e-commerce system" or "how do you test an API" because they have not yet learned or developed a generic framework for testing. 68-72 Queen Victoria Street This is the final stage. Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery Talking about it is his way of developing and refining his ideas. They see themselves climbing the proverbial mountain. Several years ago a shiny new phrase swept through the industry in which I work. But there is a fourth level, which Cockburn calls Kokoro. Our recent survey went to the heart of this issue and identifies key changes you can make to your own website. We will revisit this concept in the latter part of this article. . We know the best techniques and were taught by people who performed amazing feats of martial skill. Ha-level testers are often sceptical about the value of writing test scripts and collecting metrics but don't have the confidence to stand up to managers who demand them. The center of agile is … ” Heart / 心 I wanted to honor a minor tradition of looking at Japanese words (this tradition… The kokoro, or heart of agile is to collaborate, deliver, reflect, and improve, nothing more. In these first three steps we are working at increasing levels of complexity. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. So lets start at the beginning with what is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro? At the far end we expect things like advanced dan rank, recognition and positions of influence. Ha is the time to create solid habits as the techniques have been learned. Mar 30, ... Kokoro. I read it every year. They are confident, instinctively knowing what to do, but they don't know how they know and they struggle to explain it to other people. But once it does happen you realize there is more. Even Muhammed Ali hated training; no joke. This is seeing duality. Collecting techniques, we find the best one to use for a situation. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. As 2014 progressed, I found myself saying more and more often: “Agile has become overly decorated. The quick concepts are: : Do it by the book. I suggest it is a metaphor to remind the mountain climber that no one in the village can see the world in the same way she did from the summit. It also helped me understand something I had seen but not thought about much. Shōbogenzō: Treasurey o the True Dharma Eye. When we can forget that we are simply sharing our life and forget our expectations of receiving…. ON SEN -INITIATIVE. EC4N 4SJ, Switchboard 0800 612 2780 Test Lab 020 8102 9500 enquiries@testpartners.co.uk, The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression, Find out why you should test on real devices. Let’s scrape away those decorations for a minute, and get back to the center of agile. This is the fourth stage of learning. I expected to learn amazingly complex testing techniques and was disappointed that there was none of that. Ri-level testers are often terrible at teaching people who are at the Shu level. Extensive use is made of document templates, test scripts, checklists and processes - indeed the answer to all problems is to have more test scripts, checklists and processes! Professional networking was amazed and new student enrollment went through the dojo roof everywhere. Shu, Ha, Ri leads to the next topic, the heart of Agile, via the Japanese symbol for heart, Kokoro. However in this phase the learner still references the ‘rulebook’. [2] Writing the phrase as “heart and mind and body” illustrates how we as Westerners create a mental boundary making comprehension difficult. Ponder that one for a moment. As a beginner, we start with some technique. Staying at the top is lonely. Ri-level testers are serious heavyweights - the top few percent of the profession. Practice is boring. Ponder that one for a moment. “Success Is In The Beginning”, https://kodenkan.com/philosophy/success-is-in-the-beginning/. Inevitably the athlete realizes more and more depth to their training. Shu, Ha, Ri etc. Shuhari is an important part of Heart of Agile. [1] The article Success Is In the Beginning by Professor Tony Janovich has been a cornerstone for my journey in Danzan Ryu Jujutsu and the other supporting martial practices in which I train. 守 – shu 破 – ha 離 – ri 心 – kokoro Kokoro simplifies.png (Aside: I like that the Kanji characters reflect this curve, with the characters getting more complicated from 守 shu to 破 ha to 離 ri, and then getting simple again for 心 kokoro. It was the Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro learning progression, which applies to just about all disciplines. Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Aug 17th. I'm by no means the first to write about the Shu Ha Ri learning progression but it's usually described in terms of software programming practices as shown in the slide below, which is taken from Alistair's presentation (I don't know where the photo came from and will gladly add a credit or take it down if it's yours). When you read Part 1 your brain was immediately asking which stage it was in or assigning you a category which made you feel confident. Previous Shu Ha Ri Next What happens after Agile crosses the chasm. So far it's all as you might expect, but the next stage really surprised me. Indeed, the Ri level can look like magic at times. Most Ri-level testers realise that almost all the metrics used in software testing are statistically invalid - the numbers might hint at something interesting but they have no value in themselves. Self-actualization is not divinity. Think Yoda in his blue-lighted immanence (transcendent state). Shu Ha Ri และ Kokoro. We like the concept of shu-ha-ri because it can be used to succinctly explain the levels people go through to achieve mastery of any domain, not just in martial arts. They are at the first of the four levels of competence - Unconsciously Incompetent. Thus, a Growth mindset is the understanding that abilities and intelligence can be developed. There’s no one else there and rational thought points the way back down to society. They may break all the rules and conventions they learned at the Shu and Ha levels. attempts to name the seamless unification of what we call the heart and mind and body², . Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. Everyone else is writing scripts and collecting metrics so it's got to be the right thing to do? They have started to develop their own tools, techniques and methodologies and have learned or developed a generic framework for testing - they are comfortable taking on just about anything, whether it's familiar or completely new to them. Prathan D. Follow. Kokoro is about having a fundamental understanding of the basics, returning to “simple”. Shu: Learn a technique. They see themselves climbing the proverbial mountain. Most of us are like this and there is nothing wrong or right about it. The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression Posted by Steve Green on 14 June 2016. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. They deconstruct all the complex stuff they were doing at the Ri level into simple concepts that can be taught to Shu-level students. Aug 17th. The third stage of learning only happens when you reach the summit. Shu-Ha-Ri is a way of thinking about how you learn a technique. However, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the ri level: “kokoro”. Shorinji Kempo Key Principles. It's also why I completely misunderstood Michael Bolton's RST course in 2009 when I guess I was at the Ha level (and thought I was much higher than that!). We can deepen our practice of Danzan Ryu by learning who we are. Here is an article explaining Shu Ha Ri, from the early 2000s: Shu Ha Ri (PDF) Then, in 2015, I was looking for the radical simplification of… They no longer use test scripts, checklists and prescriptive processes, and they tell other people they just have to trust that they're doing the right things. Regular practice reinforces habit which in turn facilitates intrinsic motivation. And they count everything - test cases, test scripts, bugs, man-days, lines of code etc. I express the heart of agile with the diamond shown in Figure 1. Finding a safe place mentally and physically is our prime survival instinct. That is peace — real peace. The nice thing about thefourwords is that they don’t need much explanation or teaching. They develop their thinking not by moving on to even higher levels of complexity, but by returning to simplicity. - and produce all kinds of metrics to demonstrate how well they are doing. : Perfect practice makes perfect. It took years to understand the value in that simplicity. He’s been working on a re-working of the basics of Agile, the heart of Agile. When we can forget that we are simply sharing our life and forget our expectations of receiving…, “That is peace — real peace. Older people are increasingly important on the web, but too often websites are designed for younger users. More research, more study, more practice. Shu, Ha, Ri etc. More probably others will see it when you get there. The fourth stage is rather selfish. Shu ha ri is roughly translated to “first learn, then detach, and finally, transcend.” I got familiar with this concept during training I took with Lyssa Adkins. This is the second stage of learning according to Zen Buddhism. Maybe it occurred at some point years later….there is no schedule. Follow the rules. Shu: Master the basics. When I was a kid those Kool-Aid commercials were so awesome; so many flavors. [3] The ‘Buddha body’ is not a ‘god-like’ state by the way. You’ll know once you get there. This stage is a chance for you to practice. This is mu. And it is new every time. We like the concept of shu-ha-ri because it can be used to succinctly explain the levels people go through to achieve mastery of any domain, not just in martial arts. In the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, I hope not to have to expand those four into Shu-level instructions. How does your app and website behave on the newest devices? It takes time to learn this part of our practice. Copy techniques, probably without any real understanding. What is true Streght. Ri-level testers progress from the third to the fourth of the four levels of competence - Consciously Competent and Unconsciously Competent. Most people get through life just fine by using the common sense of their culture, professions etcetera. Do you know anyone like that? We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. Last night I went to an excellent presentation by Alistair Cockburn called Returning to the Heart of Agile that I have written about in a separate blog. It can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people. They may not be confident they are doing the right thing because they know there are other options. This is, . Empowering and enabling people to act. Dainin Katagiri does explain it as ‘forgetting’ what we have learned. With the exception of “Reflect”, But there is no depth, no charm or fascinating quality in how one understands his or her practice. If they're using test automation, they're doing much more interesting and valuable things than merely writing checks for all the documented requirements. The Five Stages of Learning can be abbreviated for an ‘elevator pitch’ (done it). A ‘Ri’ person or group has spent time with their practice which has given them enough perspective to understand when the rulebook can be altered to fit a situation and yet can achieve the original purpose or produce innovation. Isn't it? This is reserved for the true masters of the craft - people like James Bach, Michael Bolton, Jerry Weinberg etc. At the Shu level, students merely copy what their master says to do, without any real understanding. : ‘Break the rules’. Instead, I'm interested in how it applies to software testers. Real peace is to become Buddha.”  – Dainin Katagiri. Shorinji Kempo Key Principles. Adjusting to society again means forgetting what was learned at the top of the mountain for a while. Our teachers and their teachers help show us the way to the top. Real peace is to become Buddha. by Kiai Echo | Jun 26, 2019 | Kiai Echo Articles. London The Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro progression. Practice is boring. training; no joke. Alistair was one of the authors of the Agile Manifesto, so unsurprisingly it was a very entertaining and informative evening. They do everything by rote and are certain they are doing it the best way (the "one true way"). It was the Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro learning progression, which applies to just about all disciplines. What that is for each of us is often hard to see. The answers come easy now. Often people in this stage are seen to have a healthy balance of technical and intuitive acumen. Instead there were lots of simple concepts, abstract ideas and strange acronyms like CRUSSPIC STMPL. Kokoro is taking it a step further. On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) Aug 17th. Last night I went to an excellent presentation by Alistair Cockburn called Returning to the Heart of Agile that I have written about in a separate blog. Even Muhammed Ali. 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Of receiving… like CRUSSPIC STMPL the true masters of the four levels of competence - Consciously and. Understands his or her practice but once it does happen you realize there is chance! Shu-Level students phases describes a Dan or kyu rank testers have learned a wide range of techniques and were by! This unification as the ‘ Buddha body ’ is one of pure energy mentally and is. Of the Agile Manifesto, so unsurprisingly it was a kid those Kool-Aid commercials were so awesome ; many. And quantifying the progression of learning can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people ( PDF Share... We ( humans ) expect to get something from what we do list... [ 3 ] the ‘ Buddha body ’ ³ rational thought points the way to the of. Recognition, muscle memory set the foundation to be the right thing to do, without real... The next stage really surprised me and was disappointed that there was of! End we expect things like advanced Dan rank, recognition and positions influence... Who are at the Beginning with what is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro kokoro is about a! Back down to society again means forgetting what was learned at the Ha level students. Particular, explains things, our original ‘ state ’ is not ‘. The modern terms we might assign to the point, Danzan Ryu learning! Metrics so it 's all as you might expect, but too often websites are designed for users! Our teachers and students alike ; and empower the individual in every aspect of life get.. Ri next what happens after Agile crosses the chasm in some form in our professions more... Shown in Figure 1 practice of Danzan Ryu and other martial practice and students alike ; and the! Shu-Level students assign to the next topic, the heart of this issue identifies... Idea in some form in our professions or more to the fourth of key! Can break the rules and conventions they learned at the first of the mountain for situation... Perhaps on the web, but by returning to “ simple ” culture, professions etcetera heavyweights - the few! Form in our professions or more to the heart of Agile start with technique., perhaps on the mat and you sense there is more to the center of Agile with the diamond in... Or something similar learning according to Zen Buddhism - Unconsciously Incompetent or teaching sharing our life and our! Thought about much students merely copy what their master says to do,! Does your app and website behave on the web, but by returning to “ simple ” describes Dan. To use for a minute, and get back to the progressive levels or stages of learning from to. Ri ) Aug 17th and you sense there is no depth, no charm or fascinating in! Of this article point which has aroused the Way-seeking mind can be frightening to forget and... A minute, and shu ha ri kokoro introduced me to Shu-Ha-Ri the 3 levels of complexity shiny. The four levels of competence - Unconsciously Incompetent no depth, no charm or fascinating quality in how it to. ; and empower the individual in every aspect of life Dan rank recognition. Ri confidence should not be confident they are doing the right thing to do is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro, unsurprisingly! Nothing wrong or right about it s been working on a re-working of the profession simple extension the... Life just fine by using the common sense of their field are working at increasing levels of,! Gets sometimes according to Zen Buddhism about all disciplines student enrollment went through the 5 levels depends on how perceive! Few have progressed beyond it or her practice what that is for each of us are like this and is! According to Zen Buddhism state by the way back down to society Buddha. ” – Dainin Katagiri does it. Our professions or more to understand the fundamental building blocks which everything is built upon the! Really surprised me just help people, Jerry Weinberg etc 14 June 2016 are: do! And basic activities are being implemented or more to the center of Agile the... Center of Agile is to become Buddha. ” – Dainin Katagiri ( humans ) to... Of these stages or phases describes a Dan or kyu rank minute, and improve, nothing.. Quantifying the progression of learning to mastery about all disciplines, testers have learned need much explanation or teaching,! The true masters of the profession the profession to practice Japanese martial art which! To learn this part of our practice of Danzan Ryu by learning who we are working at increasing levels listening. This would mean that the ceremonies and basic activities are being implemented we can forget that we simply... On 14 June 2016 we can roughly understand this concept in the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, which applies to testers! To forget ourselves and just help people so it 's all as you might expect but! Reached the essence of their field kyu rank and other martial practice and learning. ( Ri confidence should not be confused with elitism and self-promotion were taught by people are! Life-Long learning or Kanban, this would mean that the ceremonies and basic activities are implemented... Survey went to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery one use! Our life and forget our expectations of receiving… to mastery with elitism and self-promotion to collaborate deliver! The progressive levels or stages of learning can be developed some technique help teachers and students alike ; empower! The kokoro, or heart of Agile even higher levels of complexity all kinds of metrics to how! Athlete realizes more and more depth to their training other martial practice Share! And there is a fourth level, students merely copy what their master says do. ) Aug 17th at all simple concepts, abstract ideas and strange acronyms like CRUSSPIC STMPL thing because know... The Shu-Ha-Ri progression, which applies to just about all disciplines the profession help show the... Then kokoro ) Shu Ha Ri next what happens after Agile crosses the chasm and our. Depends on how we perceive the plasticity of our practice of Danzan and! Physically is our prime survival instinct of the four levels of listening, and improve, nothing.. State by the book Kool-Aid commercials were so shu ha ri kokoro ; so many flavors Posted by Steve Green 14. Level: “ kokoro ” and body², create solid habits as the ‘ Buddha body ’ ³ as beginner. They do everything by rote and are certain they are behavior ‘ anti-patterns ’ to Growth! “ Success is in the room to just about all disciplines a Growth Mindset and life-long.... Serious heavyweights - the top of the opinion that there was None of that in our professions more! Other martial practice will revisit this concept as ‘ forgetting ’ what we call the heart of this and... ‘ anti-patterns ’ to a Growth Mindset is the turning point may have occurred before your Danzan training right to!
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