Several multiple trait, multiple source selection techniques exist: • Index selection (IS) or Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (BLUP); and several culling methods. No_Favorite. Cattle (Bos indicus): Selection: Mature cattle having more than 3 years of age should be used for breeding. Genomic selection is a promising development in agriculture, aiming improved production by exploiting molecular genetic markers to design novel breeding programs and to develop new markers-based models for genetic evaluation. Objectives of Poultry BreedingObjectives of Poultry Breeding • To increase annual egg prodution potenial of hen • To increase meat production per broiler • To increase feed conversion efficiency for more egg and meat per bird • To increase quality of meat and egg You can change your ad preferences anytime. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 The selection in poultry is therefore combined crossbred and purebred selection (CCPS). FLOCKFLOCK. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Purebred performance and crossbred performance (rpc) are treated as genetically correlated traits assuming the infinitesimal model . It is also called as total score method as it includes estimation of the bird’s total breeding value (net merit) for two or more traits at a time. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Some common methods of breeding of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, horses, donkeys, mules, camels, etc. Genomic selection using high-density SNP panels was first implemented in dairy cattle breeding programs. Poultry breeding evolved along with the opportunities provided from the sciences of genetics, statistics and computing whilst the biological sciences provided the rationale and measurement tools for including more complex traits into selection programmes. Methods of Animal Breeding: Two methods of animals breeding are: inbreeding and out breeding, based mainly on breeding work with cattle. pheasant) distributed around the globe. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. It opens opportunities for research, as novel algorithms and lab methodologies are developed. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. It is very useful tool in evaluating breeding worth of dairy cattle. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. are described below. principles, selection, mating systems and the breeding methods used for improvement of dairy cattle and buffaloes and sheep, goat swine and poultry. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Why conserve Poultry biodiversity? Depending on genetic parameters like heritability estimates … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. EMBED (for wordpress.com hosted blogs and archive.org item tags) Want more? Mendel discovered the working of single genes and the chicken was one of the first species in which this basic concept was applied, e.g. Poultry DeveloPment review Poultry genetics and breeding in developing countries Commercial selection for meat and egg production Robert Pym, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, 4343, Queensland, Australia Breeding for meat and egg production is an exceedingly complex Nowadays, breeding of high productive farm animals, like cattle, pigs and poultry is in the hands of multinational companies which invest a lot of money in state of the art breeding programs. SELECTION OF BREEDINGSELECTION OF BREEDING FLOCKFLOCK 2. Learn more. Quantitative genetic methods effectively regard the bird as a black box with many genes contributing to … use scientifically based selection methods less than a century ago. institutions and specialized populations New selection techniques for hiring are emerging in the market day by day, so one has to choose a right and suitable method while hiring the candidates. However this method is not applicable to sex-limited traits (such as egg production and Selective breeding is the only means whereby a flock can be improved: this type of breeding demands culling of all birds that do not measure up to the standard of the breed. They were as follows: (Table 1). Progeny testing - is a offspring resulting from selected parents ( Family selection).In this method a group of progenies (offrprings) are used as an aid to increase accuracy in the selection ofa breeding stock. The breeding companies utilized different breeding and selection technologies at different period of time for the genetic improvement of poultry. Poultry-breeding-stock selection for desired characters Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. In selection and mating, all the birds which fail to possess the desired standards should be discarded and never used for breeding. Salmonella infections in poultry occur worldwide. small scale traditional farms, fancy breeds Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Want. Inbreeding may be explained by taking an example of cows and bulls. In natural mating a breeding male is actually used for mating with the females. Selection Index. Poultry DeveloPment review Selection in commercial lineS of Poultry When producing poultry stock for developing countries, large global breeding companies tend to promote the strains that are used in developed countries, most of which have temperate climates, claiming that … developed by industry form the bulk of this Layer breeding companies apply selection criteria to improve over 30 traits important for commercial egg production. Poultry Breeding and Production manual by Dr.Shamoil Tariq, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences,Lahore, Advances Of Molecular Genetics Of Poultry, PVNRTVU, College of Veterinary Science,Rajendranagar, Telangana, India, classification poultry breeds (chicken, turkey, duck and quail), No public clipboards found for this slide, Senior Officer Production (Feed Mill) at AG Agro Industries Limited. Selection of males is less intense in this as a bull can be used for mating only 2-3 times, i.e. 10 Things You Know About Poultry/chickens. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! 1. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Tips for Designing an Effective Employee Selection System: Recruiting and selection system is an important phase in almost every organization. SELECTION OF BREEDINGSELECTION OF BREEDING EMBED. Industrial poultry breeding for production traits, The rate of progress achieved by this method is double to that possible by phenotypic selection. This is fully exploited in commercial pig and poultry breeding. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It provided benefits in terms of reduced generation intervals, improved accuracies of selecting young animals, and reductions in costs associated with the requirement of progeny testing bulls in traditional breeding programs (Hayes et al., 2009). Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This comprehensive research book represents the first complete integration of current knowledge in this area. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The parents selected for breeding should also be pure breeds. During the early stages of poultry breeding, selection was based on the bird's own performance (phenotypic selection). Chicken Genetics and Reproduction The goal of genetic selection in poultry is to produce desirable characteristics. • Poultry biodiversity refers to the genetic improved. • Distinct indigenous varieties, native breeds, in the selection methods for plumage colour. species (chicken, turkey, quail, duck, goose, The book covers both the Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. This is method is used when the character to be selected is of low heritability and expressedby one sex only. maintained by hobbyists, stocks developed A special section covers the important area of disease resistance and transmission. A few Salmonella species are highly host-adapted, ... but AI is routinely used in special breeding work and research. Every breeder has a standard; if not, then they are multipliers and not breeders. By the 1960-1980’s broiler breeders had added direct selection for reduction in fat and improved feed conversion along with selection based on careful measurements of total carcass and breast meat yields designed in part to accommodate the increased demand for deboned poultry products. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The present poultry breeding, therefore, involves both pure-line selection (PLS) and crossbreeding program. The two method of mating livestock breeding is natural and artificial. Inbreeding: When breeding is between animals of the same breed for 4-6 genera­tions, it is called inbreeding. 1. The importance of selection by nature and important aspects of the domestication process will be described. About 15 results (0.29 milliseconds) Sponsored Links Displaying poultry breeding PowerPoint Presentations. Learn more. For a successful breeding, selection must be practiced continuously and carefully, from the hatching to maturity. The breeding methods and strains should comply with the principles of organic farming and two important factors for consideration are their adaptation to the local climate and resistance to diseases. females in a … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Several distinct features of the poultry breeding industry differ markedly from dairy cattle breeding and influence the manner in which genomic selectio… This method is efficient for traits with high heritability that are measured in all selection candidates (for example, body weight). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. After the formation of the line the animals in such a selection line are selected for a limited number of breeding goal traits. Hazel and Lush (1943) have invented this method wherein selection for several traits at a time can be done by rectifying drawbacks in previous methods. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Genomic selection can be applied in many breeds and species. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Poultry Breeding PPT. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Selection Of Method In Animal Breeding PPT | Xpowerpoint Animal Breeding Involves The Selective Breeding Of Domestic Animals With The PPT Presentation Summary : Animal breeding involves the selective breeding of domestic animals with the intention to improve desirable (and heritable) qualities in the next generation. There are a few guidelines that should be considered before getting poultry … It addresses issues associated with poultry breeding particularly by examining quantitative and molecular genetics and the uses of transgenic technology. poultry Breeding 1. and maintained by government and research In retrospect, it seems that poultry- breeding companies have, in fact, indirectly selected for certain MHC genotypes by eliminating lines or strains that were susceptible to certain diseases. basis of selection, selection methods, strains. Mukherjee Department of Genetics and Cellular Biology University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia SUMMARY Chickens and ducks are widely distributed in the tropics, although their genetic improvement through proper breeding and selection has just started. • Current theory heralds BLUP as the best” selection method Fixed effects aside, as a generalization of selection index theory to unequal information on relatives (Lin 1978), • BLUP embodies many aspects of the Infinitesimal Model. as well as the ability to transmit these desirable qualities to many progenies can be expected through application of proper selection … 10 Thing You Want PPT. Vijay Raj is one of the leading poultry equipments supplier company in India. 1. Ideally, the offspring will be better than either parent. 1. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Geneticists want to mate the super models and body builders of the chicken world to get the highest quality offspring possible. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Intensive selection for egg production over the decades has resulted in a significant reduction in genetic and phenotypic variations in egg production, however the decrease in genetic variation observed in commercial lines are not yet critical. variants available within and among poultry See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. It offers best means of achieving genetic improvement in traits of moderate to low heritability. Selection decides which animals are going to become parents to produce offspring for the future generation and breeding decides which males should be mated with which females. PVNRTVU, College of Veterinary Science,Rajendranagar, Telangana, India, SANITARY AND PHYTO SANITARY MEASURES TO ENSURE FOOD SAFETY, HACCP AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES in poultry production, Importance of egg and meat, egg quality, value addition and egg products, HANDLING, PROCESSING, PACKAGING, TRANSPORT & MARKETING OF EGGS, EGG QUALITY DETERIORATION AND FACTORS AFFECTING EGG QUALITY, No public clipboards found for this slide. Therefore improvement in type , production, longevity, regularity of breeding etc. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. After generations of selection they excel in these specific breeding goal traits. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. These lines are formed by pure breeding or by crossing different breeds. Mankind started to create breeds accompanied with artificial selection 250 years ago. OF POULTRY IN THE TROPICS - CURRENT PROGRESS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES T.K. genetic reservoir. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Poultry Accessories Manufactured at Vijay Raj Poultry Equipments Pvt Ltd - To Maintain a Poultry many of the Equipments are necessary some of the essential Accessories for Poultry are Medicator, Filter Unit, Water Tank, De-beaker, Vaccinator, Flame Gun, Eggs Tray, Chick Box, etc. It is the estimation of an individual by evaluating its off springs.
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