The SMART concept has been used for several decades in the private sector to develop objectives that facilitate assessment, monitoring, and evaluation. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School, by Michael J. McNerney, Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, Ariel Klein. To what extent do the security cooperation objectives used by U.S. European Command, U.S. Pacific Command, and U.S. Southern Command meet the SMART criteria of being specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and results-oriented, and time-bound? Responsibility and priority for developing country objectives differed by combatant command. Combatant command security cooperation planning was "SMARTer" than individual country objectives. Although most country plan objectives failed the SMART test, country plans overall and other supporting documents showed more-positive results. This report is part of the RAND Corporation research report series. How do stakeholders interpret security cooperation guidance, and do they find it sufficiently clear, detailed, and flexible? Programs should conduct an IA&E Assessment as early as possible in a program’s lifecycle to collect information and assess factors that affect international considerations and potential foreign involvement including interoperability requirements, program protection considerations, cooperative opportunities, and international markets. In particular, most objectives were not yet measureable or time-bound, and their achievability could not be determined. IA&E Assessment results should be used to establish the international involvement aspects of a program’s initial Acquisition Strategy. Develop and oversee the implementation of defense policies on international cooperation in coordination with U.S. government agencies, foreign governments, and … FMS transactions are implemented through FMS Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs), often referred to as "FMS cases." The program is now overseen by the Defense Security Cooperation Agency through the Defense Security Cooperation University and the Institute for Security Governance. Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience. The Pardee RAND Graduate School (PRGS.edu) is the largest public policy Ph.D. program in the nation and the only program based at an independent public policy research organization—the RAND Corporation. DAU does not charge DoD Components for faculty and staff time spent on Mission Assistance support efforts; it only asks that the organization requesting the assistance fund any travel or other incidental costs involved. An overarching policy document, nested within DoD policies on acquisition (DoDD 5000.01) and security cooperation (DoDD 5132.03), is needed to articulate the policy objectives of IAC, outline processes that equitably integrate acquisition and international cooperation objectives, and clarify roles and responsibilities for involved stakeholders. State Department Role The Military Departments and Defense agencies are responsible for daily operational RAND is nonprofit, nonpartisan, and committed to the public interest. The U.S. Department of Defense should incorporate the SMART concept more formally into security cooperation training. BPC transactions are normally referred to as "pseudo-FMS cases". Definition and Purpose. USG/DoD Security Cooperation efforts provide U.S.-origin defense equipment, logistics support, and training to our allies and friends around the globe in support USG/DoD national security and defense strategic objectives. Security cooperation enables the United States to deepen its global alliances and partnerships in pursuit of common security objectives. The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) should provide SMART criteria and prioritization guidance to combatant commands and evaluate their performance accordingly. Our goal is to advance this understanding throughout the Department of Defense, so that all personnel understand the role of gender in our operations … The 2018 National Defense Strategy elevated security cooperation in stressing the importance of "Strengthening alliances and attracting new partners." Combatant command security cooperation planning could benefit from greater standardization. How can U.S. Department of Defense security cooperation guidance and planning be improved? The 2005 SCG provided the combatant commands with SC objectives, ways to conduct SC, and priority countries. Date Changes; December 6-12, 2020. - Our International Business Planning JST addresses PMO/IPT-level Security Cooperation planning and implementation considerations for programs with substantial ongoing/anticipated Sales and Transfers-related activity. These objectives include developing specific partner capabilities, building alliances and … DSCA Policy Memo 20-56, Pre-Case Review (PCR)* Policy --- Objectives and Requirements has been posted. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) administers the FMS program. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Security Cooperation Relationships SC Related Activities and Operations Department of Defense (DOD) policy supports SC activities that enable building security relationships, building partner capacity, and gaining/maintaining access. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure high standards for research quality and objectivity. It also proposes a systematic approach to developing security cooperation objectives for use by policymakers, planners, program managers, and resource managers. However, countervailing priorities in the current U.S. administration challenge this formulation. DSCA administers security cooperation programs that support U.S. policy interests and objectives identified by the White House, Department of Defense, and Department of State. Security cooperation is a force multiplier for the Department of Defense, developing and fostering a network of partners and allies, as well as improving the effectiveness of those partnerships. SC activities include transferring defense articles and services, military-to-military exercises, ministerial advising, and train and equip programs. RAND reports present research findings and objective analysis that address the challenges facing the public and private sectors. History. Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense is authorized to support other departments and agencies of the United States Government for the purpose of implementing or supporting foreign assistance programs and activities described in subsection (b) that advance security cooperation objectives of the Department of Defense. DSCA-2 assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security cooperation activities and continue to implement a workforce development program targeting all Department of Defense SC comprises all activities undertaken by the Department of Defense (DoD) to encourage and enable international partners to work with the United States to achieve strategic objectives. McNerney, Michael J., Jefferson P. Marquis, S. Rebecca Zimmerman, and Ariel Klein, SMART Security Cooperation Objectives: Improving DoD Planning and Guidance. To what extent are current security cooperation objectives appropriately specified, aligned, prioritized, and measured? Theater engagement and theater security cooperation have been part of DOD’s lexicon for well over a decade. Defense Security Cooperation Agency Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide Fiscal Year (FY) 2021 Budget Estimates I. e. - Our International Cooperative Program (ICP) JST provides practical advice on how to identify IAC opportunities and establish/implement DoD Component ICPs from a PMO/IPT perspective. Upon request, DSMC-International is also available to provide Mission Assistance support on a space-available basis to DoD Component International Program Organizations (IPOs) and PMOs/IPTs involved in Sales and Transfers efforts. OSD and the Joint Staff should work with combatant commands to create a SMART security cooperation planning system centered around country plans. Manage bilateral and multilateral fora to promote international cooperative programs and facilitate DoD access to new technology; and. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. 10 … The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. DSCA leads the broader U.S. security cooperation enterprise in its efforts to train, educate, advise, and equip foreign partners. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency . May 8, 2019 — Objective. - Security Cooperation (SC) C1.1.1. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote specific US security interests, develop allied and friendly military capabilities for self-defense and multinational operations, and provide US forces with peacetime and contingency access to a host nation. advance DOD security cooperation objectives. 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Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. DoD Security Cooperation is defined in Joint Pub 1-02: All DoD interactions with foreign … The purchasing government pays all costs associated with a sale. is the DoD agency responsible for directing, administering, and providing guidance for the management of the DoD-executed security assistance programs. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2016. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1430.html. Objectives For students to summarize the DoD interactions with international partners, known as Security Cooperation (SC), and recognize the totality of policy, planning, assessment, monitoring, execution, evaluation, and end-use control processes associated with … Also available in print form. The NDAA did not identify from where within DOD’s budget such transfers would be derived but specified that the authority may only be used when foreign assistance programming is necessary for the effectiveness of DOD security cooperation and cannot be carried out by DOD. SC uses a combination of programs and activities by which DOD, in coordination with Creating SMART country objectives is not enough. Department of Defense security cooperation program information, not published on ForeignAssistance.gov, will be published on this site in the interests of improved transparency. Objective: All defense security personnel that are in positions that require ... Security is a mission critical function of the Department of Defense (DoD). The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) published documents titled Security Cooperation Guidance (SCG) in April 2003 and November 2005. Combatant commands have different objective hierarchies, and they do not define their terms in the same way. Guidance Documents: DoD Directive 5132.03 -- DoD Policy and Responsibilities Relating to Security Cooperation Combatant commands should integrate security cooperation elements of planning under a single authority. DoD Directive 5200.41E, “DoD Regional Centers for Security Studies,” June 30, 2016, states that the RCs support U.S. defense strategy objectives and policy priorities through: offering executive development, strategic security studies (to program participants), research, and outreach that foster long-term collaborative relationships; - Our FMS - Systems Acquisition JST provides practical advice on how to integrate FMS systems acquisition-related activities at the PMO/IPT level. The primary source of day-to-day guidance on Security Assistance and BPC policies and practices is the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)-issued Security Assistance Management Manual (eSAMM). We determined whether the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)—Security Assistance Accounts (SAA) September 30, 2017, balance sheet was accurate and whether the DSCA and Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS) implemented effective controls over financial reporting for the SAAs. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors. This report evaluates DoD's effectiveness in developing SMART security cooperation objectives. DoD security cooperation, which includes DoD-administered security assistance programs and international armaments cooperation, will be undertaken to … to advance national policies and objectives. Understanding of the SMART concept varied among stakeholders. Translating security cooperation goals into effective action is challenging, given the multitude of stakeholders, changing political and security environments, and resource limitations. 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