Practice: Central dogma. The monomers that make up nucleic acids are called nucleotides, which composed of three parts. Hence proteins are not homopolymers. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) _____ provides directions for its own replication. Only two 5-carbon sugars are found in nature: ribose and deoxyribose. This is the currently selected item. Nucleic acid structure . There are two types of nucleic acids:-Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Ribonucleotides are monomers of RNA and Deoxyribonucleotides are monomers of DNA. The monomers of nucleic acids consist of a phosphate group, a five-carbon sugar, and a _____. For polynucleic acids (DNA/RNA), the monomers are nucleotides, each of which is made of a pentose sugar, a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group. Central dogma. Each is made up of nucleotides. Nucleic acids are polymers. All polymers can be described as a set of simple monomers linked by certain kind of bond. Sort by: Top Voted. Transcription. One gene, one enzyme. The three groups are a Phosphate Group, a Pentose Sugar (five-sided or five-carbon sugar), and a Nitrogen Base. _____ is a process of breaking down sugar, such as glucose, to produce cellular energy. Nucleic acids. Nucleotides. The monomer of nucleic acids consists of a _____ base and a _____ group. Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P).Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.We can also define nucleic acids as polymers assembled from many smaller covalently bonded monomers. But instead of being assembled from amino acids, nucleic acids are made up of monomers called _____. Nucleotides - when chemists broke up nucleic acids … Two examples of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and ribonucleic acid (RNA). It also directs cell activities by providing instructions for building proteins. Nucleotide monomers are found in the cell nucleus. Nitrogen Base. Up Next. Each of these macromolecules carries all or part of the genetic code for a cell. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. Nucleic Acid Monomer (Nucleotide) Phosphate Group. In nucleic acids the monomer is the nucleotide; The bond that holds them together is the phosphodiester bond . Nucleic acids are polymers of individual nucleotide monomers. In the case of nucleic acids, the monomers which make up the polymers – the nucleic acids DNA and RNA themselves – are the following: uracil, guanine, cytosine, adenine, thymine. Next lesson. The monomer units of nucleic acids are called nucleotides. Central dogma. One nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitogen base. Nucleic acids are polymers, just as proteins are polymers. 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