The Mariana Trench, located in the Philippine Sea just off the coast of the Mariana Islands, is the deepest part of the ocean. Most famous Indian sweets are Laddu, Jalebi and Halwa. The area covered by the Amazon basin is enormous - 7,050,000 km. For the sixth consecutive years, Switzerland has been topping the GCI index. 1. Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh were the first two people who accomplished historic descend to the Marina Trench. This is a simple, scientific-related video, containing the most important facts about the Mariana Trench (in the Pacific Ocean), collected and retold by the author of the novel “The Monstrous Trench”. Mariana Trench Facts The Mariana Trench forms an enormous trench located in the Pacific Ocean. Depth of the Mariana Trench at the 'Challenger Deep' point is 10,911 m; it is the deepest point of this trench. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). 14. On March 26, 20012, James Cameron, a famous filmmaker, descended in the custom-built submersible that he co-designed. Blue Lake is 1,087 meters long with a breadth of 657 meters at its widest point. The text, used in the video is an adaptation from Wikipedia (Mariana Trench – Wikipedia article). Do you know that the Challenger Deep, the deepest point of the Mariana Trench, has been named after the two vessels, called the HMS Challenger and HMS Challenger II? 5. Because its peak will be still 1.2 miles (2 km) under the water surface. The Mariana Trench in the Philippines Sea, the second largest sea in the western part of the Pacific Ocean is the deepest trench in the world known to date. 8. You can list them here. The water pressure of 8 tons per square inch at the bottom of the trench means as many as 50 jumbo jets placed on the top of a person. The water in the trench is very dark. It sits around 124 miles or 22 km on the eastern part of Mariana Islands. The length is measured at 1,580 miles or 2,550 kilometers. During a global circumnavigation in 1875, the Mariana Trench was discovered by HMS Challenger with the use of sounding equipment. Located at the depth of about 414 meter on the way to the Mariana Trench, there is Daikoku volcano which is the source of one of the rarest phenomena on the planet. Because of the earth not being a perfect sphere, the radius at the poles is about 25 kilometer less than the radius at the equator. Do you really know that there are hydrothermal vents, at the floor of the trench, which emit highly acidic fluids? Discover more about this little known environment — the deepest part of the ocean — using a fun, comic book style resource. A mark of 10,994 meters in … In fact, the Mariana Trench is the deepest part anywhere in the Earth's oceans. The Challenger Expedition of 1875 was the first to measure the depth of Mariana Trench. The islands themselves were named after Spanish Queen Mariana of Austria. Outline Map of Northern Mariana Islands . The trench is approximately 1580 miles in length and only approximately 43 miles wide on average. Rome - the capital of Italy, is at the top of list of European tourist attractions. The temperature around these hydrothermal vents may reach as high as 300 degrees centigrade but, on the contrary, the temperature of the seabed floor does not usually go higher than 4.4 degrees centigrade. Moreover, two inch long amphipods or shrimp-like crustaceans have also been found thriving in abundance at the bottom. It also contains the deepest known point in any ocean. One of the interesting facts of Mariana Trench, the deepest trench in the world, is about its history. So to imagine the scale of this enormous depth, picture a flipped version of the Mount Everest plus an additional 7000 feet (equal to three of the BurjKhalifa building). Quantifying the beauty of a country for the sake of ranking is a tough task. Mariana Trench, crescent-shaped scar on the earth’s crust, world’s oldest sea bed, is the deepest part of any ocean in the world and has mystery life surrounding it. With 18 meters tall sculptured heads of 4 US presidents, Mount Rushmore is a must visit place. Here are the 10 Mariana Trench Facts that may surprise you, or even amaze you in a degree that you will forget to play that addictive phone game you play every day. They surround us, and yet they are largely unknown. The Mariana Trench (sometimes called Marianas Trench), found in the western Pacific Ocean, is the deepest part located in any ocean. Ecological Facts - Mariana Trench What is the water like down there? A temperature around those vents reaches up to 572 Fahrenheit (300 Celsius). Explore Mariana Trench : Facts. 25 AMAZING MARIANA TRENCH FACTS video + transcript. The trench was called Mariana because it locates near the Mariana Islands of the Pacific Ocean. Mariana trench is the deepest spot in the world’s oceans with the maximum depth reaching up to 36,070 ft (10,994 m). Regional Maps: Map of . It is a crescent shaped depression and like any other underwater place remains unexplored. The Mariana Trench is the world’s deepest natural trench. Because its dark depth prevents visitors ascending down in the absence of a costly diving equipment. It is the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench region that is the deepest spot … On average, it has the width of 43 miles or 69 kilometers. As the name implies, it is named because it is located near the Mariana Islands. Buzkashi - goat dragging - is a famous sport of Central Asia. The crescent-shaped trench still remains to be one of the mysterious places in the world. 2. The Statue of Liberty depicts the Roman goddess of freedom - Roberta. 10. Loves nature, Likes history, and Adores anything interesting Mariana Trench was formed around 180 million years ago, after the collision of Pacific Tectonic Plate and the Philippine Plate. In the abyssal zone light does not reach, therefore the entire trench is in complete darkness. Daintree National Park houses one of the oldest ecosystems of the planet. Estimates vary a little, but at its blackest depths, a crease called the Challenger Deep, this abyss is close to 36,037 feet (10,984 meters), or about 6.8 miles (10.9 kilometers) deep. Australia Rules Football is the most popular sport in this continent. The ANU has been ranked 25th by the QS World University Rankings. Spanning over the area of 246,000 square kilometers, Mariana Trench has been designated as the US National Monument by an act signed by the US President George Walker Bush in 2009. The contrast between the highly acidic & hot, and the highly basic & cool environment in the trench gives rise to an ever changing and nearly toxic environment, but even then a variety of life thrives here! These Mariana Trench Facts include various information starting from its name to the unique creatures that dwell in its dark environment. Those vents release hot bubbles of minerals which are partially consumed by microorganisms. Not surprisingly, It is also referred to as another planet in the deep-sea ocean. It lies south and east of the Mariana Islands, and has a depth up to 10,971 m (7 miles).The western end of the trench is near Guam.. Still, they were able to measure the depth of 26,850 ft (8,184 m). Geography, Religion, Pyramids and History of Egypt, Sports in Australia - List and Statistics, Top Universities in Australia of Science, Technology etc, Interesting Facts about Mount Fuji For Kids, Most Natural Beautiful Country in the World, Most Technologically Advanced Cities in the World, Different Cultures in South Africa and Their Food, North America Continent, North America Facts, South America Continent, South America Facts, Good Holiday Destinations in Asia - Natural and Manmade Places, Facts About the Most Technologically Advanced Cities in the World. The Mariana trench was formed as result of a collision between two massive slabs of oceanic crust. Here in the pit, called "pot", there is a lake of pure molten sulfur a seething black emulsion that is boiling at 187 degrees Celsius. Lack of proper infrastructure also contributes a lot to poverty in Africa. It’s a 1,580-mile crescent-shaped section in the crust of the Earth. Its lower point, called the “Challenger’s Abyss,” is located at a depth of almost 11 kilometers below sea level. It is the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench region that is the deepest spot on earth, measuring over 11 kilometers in depth. Congo River has earned the title of being the world's deepest river. Three major organisms are small sea cucumbers, xenophyophores, and amphipods. Mariana Trench, also called Marianas Trench, is the crescent shaped trench located in the western Pacific Ocean and it has been found to have the deepest part of the world's oceans. It is extremely difficult to dive down into the trench due to the crushing pressure. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Read Facts about Mariana Trench to find out the deepest part of the oceans. But they could not take any clear pictures the trench because of milky dim caused by stirred silt. 6. The Mariana Trench is the deepest place on earth measuring depths of more than 10 kilometres deep (36000 feet), whereas, the world’s highest peak, Mount Everest is about 29000 feet high. The bottom of the trench is covered with a blanket of icky, viscous ooze as, owing to the immense water pressure, everything getting there ends up ground up into a fine, grayish-yellow almost silky sludge. The truly impressive part of the Mariana Trench has nothing to do with its length and everything to do with its depth. 10 Mariana Trench Facts That Will Absolutely Blow Your Mind. That collision produced some collapsed Earth crust, then it created basin. Facts about Mariana Trench Because its dark depth prevents visitors ascending down in the absence of a costly diving equipment. If you inverted Everest and plunged it into the Mariana, it highest craggy peak would fall short of the bottom by more than 7,000 feet (2,134 meters). 12. The deepest part of the Mariana Trench is around 36,037 feet. It is located near the Guam Island in the Pacific Ocean. So surprisingly, man has explored beyond the distance of the light years into the outer space, but only 5 percent of the seabed has been explored and mapped till now the remaining still remains unexplored. The Mariana Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean, east of the Philippines and about 120 miles east of the Mariana Islands. The crescent-shaped trench still remains to be one of the mysterious places in the world. From a mud sample, taken from the Challenger Deep, the oceanographers have discovered that as many as 200 different microorganism are living in the region. The Mariana Trench, 340 km southeast from Guam Island, the largest island of the Mariana Islands, is a crescent-shaped trough. 13. A 'deep boat', known as Bathyscaphe Trieste, was the first ever vessel to reach the bottom of the Challenger Deep in 1960, which was manned by a Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard and a US navy Lieutenant Don Walsh. The research conducted by the Newcastle University discovered that plastic particles were present in the animals living down there. You might already be aware that there are 5 oceans in the world with Pacific Ocean and Arctic Ocean being the largest and the smallest, respectively, among them. These Mariana Trench Facts include various information starting from its name to the unique creatures that dwell in its dark environment. Despite the darkness and an extreme pressure, surprisingly, the trench houses several living organisms in its deepest parts. The Atlantic Ocean is the third largest ocean on the planet earth that separates North America from Europe and South America from the African continent. In 2009, President Bush declared the area surrounding Mariana Trench as a wildlife refuge, called the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument. Owing to the very high pressure exerted by the water column above, the density of water at the Mariana Trench increases by about 5 percent, which means that 95 liters of water at the bottom of trench will have the mass equal to 100 liters of water at the surface. That is why the bottom of the Mariana Trench is not the closest point to the center of the earth. The Trench is 11,033 metres (36,201 feet), (6033.5) fathoms deep, with pressure at the deepest part of the Mariana Trench is over 8 imperial tons per square inch – and is home to a rich variety of fellow-creatures . Brazil is the continent's largest country. 7. The Mariana Trench is a deep oceanic trench located in the Pacific Ocean. This is what we are going to explore now in this article, where we will also be discovering its geographical traits as well as some of the most amazing facts. Do you know that if the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest, is placed in the Challenger Deep, its 8,848 meter high peak will be more than two kilometer below the sea level? The number of European soccer fans is more than fifteen billion. The temperature of water at the Mariana Trench varies between 1 oC to 4 oC, meaning it is near the freezing point and its constant contact could be unbearable for the humans. The Mariana Trench was named after the Mariana Islands. 9. The islands themselves were named after Spanish Queen Mariana of Austria. This primary resource introduces children to an environment very different from their own — the deep ocean ecosystem of the Mariana Trench, in the Pacific Ocean. It is interesting to note that the very hot water emitted by the vents is rich in its mineral contents that help in sustaining life in this area. An arcing depression, the Mariana Trench stretches for more than 1,580 miles (2,540 km) with a mean width of 43 miles (69 km). It is crescent-shaped and measures about 2,550 km (1,580 mi) in length and 69 km (43 mi) in width. The president of the United States, George W. Bush, established the Mariana Trench as a Marine National Monument on January 6, 2009. The Pacific plate dives under the Philippine plate, which also partially gets pulled along. Though the overall length of the trench runs for about 2,550 kilometers, its width is merely 69 kilometers. In 1960, they landed on the bottom in bathyscaphe called the Trieste and stayed there for 20 minutes. The Mariana Trench is the deepest oceanic trench in the world. Sun can’t penetrate into that depth. Africa - the second most populous continent has 54 countries. Size. Due to the sheer extent of the Mariana Trench, no single photograph displays it in its entirety. The trench is 1,554 miles long and 44 miles wide. In 2012, director James Cameron set a record exploring the Mariana Trench alone, with a record depth of 10,898 meters. Copyrights Reserves 2013-2019 by 7continentslist.com. The Mariana Trench (also called the Marianas Trench) is the deepest part of the ocean. 15. Machu Picchu was built by the 9th Inca emperor, Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui. Cover Stories Oct-09-2018 by Manmeet Kaur Tura. The only known underwater area where you can find liquid carbon dioxide is the Champagne Vent of the Mariana Trench that is outside the Okinawa Trough near Taiwan. This trench lies in an area where two of the Earth's plates (the Pacific Plate and the Philippine Plate) come together. 25 Facts about Watermelons that You May Have Never Heard Before. The results revealed the picked up sounds of whales, ships, earthquakes, and the typhoon. The Mariana Trench is the deepest ocean trench in the world, reaching 11,034 meters deep. Total length of the Mariana Trench is 1,580 miles while its average width is 43 miles. The country's namesake, Mt Kenya is the tallest mountain in the country. Because I’ll never be able to have courage to go anywhere near myself, I decided to look up some facts about it. China has broken its own record for deepest manned dive into the world's oceans, sinking an estimated 10,909 meters (35,790 feet) into the Mariana Trench, state-run news agency Xinhua said. It is amazing to note that the pressure exerted by the water column at the bottom of the trench is over thousand times greater than the standard atmospheric pressure at the sea level! The oceans are a dark mystery. How did the Mayan Civilization Disappear? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 11. But on the contrary, some parts of the Arctic Ocean seabed lie closest to the earth's center. Founder of FactPros.com Within the Mariana Trench is Challenger Deep, the world’s deepest point. The deepest point of the Mariana Trench was named Challenger deep after the second Challenger Expedition. For that reason, the Mariana trench is also the darkest part of the world. The hydrophone has kept recording for 23 days straight. It is so deep that Mt. Discovered in 2005, the Champagne Vent was initially regarded as the source of harmless water, but closer inspection revealed that it was emitting pure carbon dioxide. Owing to the presence of bubbles, it was named as the Champagne Vent. Mariana Trench, also called Marianas Trench, is the crescent shaped trench located in the western Pacific Ocean and it has been found to have the deepest part of the world's oceans. The Mariana Trench is the deepest known submarine trench.It is also the deepest known location on Earth itself. Trench length is about 2,550 km (1,580 miles) and an average width of 69 km (43 miles). The trench is about 2,550 kilometres (1,580 miles) long but has a mean width of only 69 kilometres (43 miles). There are hydrothermal vents at the bottom of the trench. Located in the Pacific Ocean, the Mariana Trench forms a large crescent-shaped depression in the sea bed in the vicinity of the Mariana Islands, after which the trench is named. Robert Dziak, an oceanographer in NOAA, and his team dropped a titanium-encased hydrophone down to the Challenger Deep. The Indian Ocean and the Southern Ocean, on the other hand, are ranked as the third largest and the fourth largest oceanic divisions in the world, respectively. The Mariana Trench is formed by the shifting between two tectonic plates: the Pacific Plate and the Mariana Plate. However, their measurement accuracy was based on measuring with a weighted rope. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The hot water of the vents, at times reaching 450 oC, does not boil because of the very high pressure exerted by the water column above. Yangtze River measures 6,300 kilometers in length. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The greatest depths are reached in Challenger Deep, a smaller steep-walled valley on the floor of the main trench southwest of Guam. Mar 15, 2019 - Filmmaker-explorer James Cameron just became the first human to reach Earth's deepest abyss alone—and the only one to explore it in depth. James Cameron has made a record-breaking solo dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of any ocean on our planet. Also, over 200 microorganisms were identified in the sample mud from the Challenger Deep. Here we present a sonar generated compilation image. Spanning across an area of 8,515,767 km. But, do you also know how deep is the deepest point of the world's oceans and where it is found? Studies of the Mariana Trench continue to this day. Mariana Trench is the deepest place in the world and it lies to the east of Mariana islands, in the western Pacific Ocean. The Pyramid of Khufu is the largest pyramid. Located between Japan and Papua New Guinea, the Mariana Trench is the deepest part of the ocean, residing in the Pacific. About 76 years after the visit of the HMS Challenger, the trench was sounded again by HMS Challenger II. This incredible feature of geology measures roughly 1,580 mi (2,550 km) in length. Soccer is one of the all-time favorite games of this region. Canada is the largest country of NA by area (9,984,670 km. That is how deep it is. Missouri river ranks fifteenth among the planet's longest rivers. The second descend to the bottom of Mariana Trench was successfully accomplished 50 years after the Trieste. 3. The Northern Mariana Islands are located in the North Pacific Ocean and the Philippine Sea, along the Mariana Trench; to the north of Papua New Guinea; to the east of Philippines; to the west of Honolulu and to the northeast of Guam. – 10 Possible Causes, 12 Things Carpenter Ants Do to Ensure their Survival, 15 Interesting Facts about Golden Retrievers. The trench was called Mariana because it locates near the Mariana Islands of the Pacific Ocean. December 31, 2019 by Zero2Hero Leave a Comment From its insane depths to its scientific mysteries…stay tuned to number 1 to find out the top 10 facts … Science Down to the Mariana Trench: 11 facts about our mysterious oceans and marine life. At present, it is reliably established that the Mariana Trench is the deepest place on earth. As a result, the U.S added the large portion of the trench in its protected zone. 10 Facts About The Mariana Trench! The temperature at the floor of the Mariana Trench is slightly above freezing. This time, Challenger II surveyed the area in 1957, using the more precise depth sounding equipment. Lets face it, the deeper and creepier something is, the more we want to know about it. This trench is the deepest known place on the Earth. The pressure in the bottom of the Mariana trench is 1000 times stronger than the atmospheric pressure. Philippine Trench, also called Philippine Deep, Mindanao Trench, or Mindanao Deep, submarine trench in the floor of the Philippine Sea of the western North Pacific Ocean bordering the east coast of the island of Mindanao.The abyss, which reaches the second greatest depth known in any ocean, was first plumbed in 1927 by the German ship Emden. Europe's richest man, Amancio Ortega, has been ranked as the world's 4th wealthiest man. 4. Writer, Researcher, Fact-finder, and All-in-one Even the deepest part of the world, the Mariana Trench, is not free from pollution. It covers approximately 95,216 square miles. According to the findings of a research, the trench is regarded as one of the world's oldest seabeds, and it is about 180 million years old. Do you know that the giant 10 cm single celled amoebas, called ksenofiofory, show amazing resistance to multiple elements and chemicals, such as, mercury, uranium and lead that would kill other animals as well as humans? Most powerful business tycoon in Asia is Li Ka-Shing. Everest will be completely submerged under 2 kilometres of water if you somehow manage to throw it in there. The above blank map represents The Northern Mariana Islands - an insular area and … In modern India, love marriages are gradually becoming common. The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Mariana Islands; it is the deepest oceanic trench on Earth. Mariana Trench Facts Mariana Trench, also called Marianas Trench is a trench located in the western Pacific Ocean, at the deepest point in all of the oceans of the world. To get tailored writing or to work with, contact at [email protected]. Of geology measures roughly 1,580 mi ) in length and everything to do with its depth 657... Overall length of the Mariana Islands, is a must visit place Island in the abyssal zone light not! 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