Li + and N 3− Mg 2 + and P 3− Li + and P 3− 10. Names of some ionic compounds. An ionic compound is named first by its cation and then by its anion. Name the cation by stating its charge as Roman numeral in a parenthesis after its elemental name if it is a multiply charged metal. Wikipedia g) Cesium iodide. Ionic, or saltlike, amides are strongly alkaline compounds ordinarily made by treating ammonia, an amine, or a covalent amide with a reactive metal such as sodium. SnO b. Cr2S3 c. RbI d. BaBr2 CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_compound Since the net charge of the ionic compound must be zero, the Cu ion has a 2+ charge. Learn this topic by watching Naming Ionic Compounds Concept Videos. Binary Ionic Compounds. Answer to Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. CC BY-SA. Most cations and anions can combine to form neutral, solid compounds that are usually known as salts. The one overriding requirement is that the resulting compound must be electrically neutral: therefore the ions Ca2+ and Br– combine only in a 1:2 ratio to form calcium bromide, CaBr2. h�bbdb� �����X$D2} ��� �+ CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ionic%20compound In this video, we'll walk through this process for the ionic compound calcium bromide. Ionic bonds form instead of covalent bonds when there is a large difference in electronegativity between the ions. 3. and (b) N. 2. BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 %PDF-1.5 %���� - 13064223 a. BaS Q. In both systems, the name of the anion ends in -ide. The “ine” was removed and replaced with “ide.” To name a compound, the cation name and the anion named are added together. In this case it has 3 Cl- ions with it. Provide proper chemical names (spelling counts!). Thus, in an ionic bond, one ‘bonder’ must have a positive charge and the other a negative one. Solution for Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.a. So it is Fe3+. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naming_ionic_compounds%23Naming_simple_ionic_compounds 0 Give the name from the formula or the formula from the name for each of the following hydrated ionic compounds.BeCl2 • 2H2O. 4. Salts of [FeCl4]− in … Since the overall charge of an ionic compound is usually 0, then this tells us that the Fe must have a charge of 3+. Solution (a) nitrogen trifluoride (b) dinitrogen tetroxide. The cation has the same name as its element. Most cations and anions can combine to form solid compounds that are usually known as salts. b) Calcium fluoride. a. CuSO 4 ____ copper (II) ... Write formulas for the following ionic compounds containing polyatomic ions. ���Z�����ö�䵜O�~��������BhYO���5����O�vM!u�k�z���{״��(�N�mS�^Y��:/a�>=͛v}�b߻�^�m�U�x�G�5�? d) Calcium bromide. Each compound will be named using the systematic nomenclature including, where necessary, appropriate Greek prefixes. strontium iodide. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. In the cases of iron and copper, the Latin names of the elements are used (ferrous/ferric, cuprous/cupric). Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. Write the formulas for the four ionic compounds that can be made by combining the cations Mg2+ and Fes+2.43 (a) (NH 4) 2 CO 3 (d) AlPO 4 (b) CaI 2 (e) AgCH 3 CO 2 Writing names and formulas for ionic compounds. Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. Remember that transition metals can have multiple oxidation states, so you are required For example, Ca(NO3)2 is called calcium nitrate. Fe 3 + and Br − Fe 2 + and Br − Au 3 + and S 2− Au + and S 2− 11. Give the name and formula of the compound formed from the following elements: (a) cesium and bromine; (b) sulfur and barium; (c) calcium and ﬂuorine. %%EOF Write a formula for the compound that forms between potassium and each polyatomic ion: a) carbonateb) phosphate c) hydrogen phosphated) acetate O. Part 1: Binary Ionic Compounds Give the formula and name for the ionic compound formed between each of these metals with each of these nonmetals: Metals: sodium, magnesium, aluminum The net charge of an ionic compound must be zero. This particular resource used the following sources: http://www.boundless.com/ Q. Sodium forms only a 1+ ion, so there is no ambiguity about the name sodium ion. Stock systemA system of naming that includes using Roman numerals to indicate the charge on transition metals. a) Sodium iodide. Name the element that forms compounds, under appropriate conditions, with every other element in the periodic table except He, Ne, and Ar. Wikipedia Following the rule above, you would name this compound copper oxide. Determine whether the metal in the ionic compound BaO forms only one type of ion or more than one type of ion and name the compound accordingly. Give SrI2 ionic compound an appropriate name. Ionic compounds form when positive and negative ions share electrons and form an ionic bond.The strong attraction between positive and negative ions often produce crystalline solids that have high melting points. Boundless vets and curates high-quality, openly licensed content from around the Internet. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound in which ions are held together by ionic bonds. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ionic%20compound, http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/intro/int-5.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naming_ionic_compounds%23Naming_simple_ionic_compounds, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionic_compound, https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/textbooks/boundless-chemistry-textbook/, Convert between the chemical formula of an ionic compound and its name. endstream endobj startxref Name the following ionic compounds that contain polyatomic ions. CC BY-SA 3.0. http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/intro/int-5.html Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. But suppose you want to name the binary ionic compound CuO. For ionic compounds, the first atom is the name of the element, and the second atom has an -ide suffix. For example, NaF is also known as sodium fluoride. Name the ionic compound formed by each pair of ions. ,�$-ځ$�l��㾖����yH(O������/� � 9. b. FeCl3 Q. Spell out the full name of the compound. Since some metallic elements form cations that have different positive charges, the names of ionic compounds derived from these elements must contain some indication of the cation charge. Therefore, the number of cations and anions in an ionic compound must be balanced to make an electrically neutral molecule. For cations that take on multiple charges (typically transition metals), the charge is written using Roman numerals in parentheses immediately following the element name. Name the following binary molecular compounds: (a) NF. Iron (Fe) can have more then 1 oxidation state, so the oxidation state must be specified in the name. Step-by-Step Solution: Step 1 of 3. This system is still used, although it has been officially supplanted by the more precise, if slightly cumbersome, Stock system. a. BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 . The anion is named by taking the elemental name, removing the ending, and adding “ide.” For example, F-1 is called fluoride, for the elemental name, fluorine. Its systematic name is copper (II) chloride, where copper’s oxidation number is indicated in parentheses. e) Strontium oxide. Think About It Make sure that the prefixes match the subscripts in the molecular ... 8. a. SnO b. Cr2S3 c. RbI d. BaBr2. If either the cation or the anion was a polyatomic ion, the polyatomic ion name is used in the name of the overall compound. The name of NaBr is sodium bromide and the name of SrF 2 is strontium ﬂuoride. Name: _____ Per: _____ Directions: First quickly scan the worksheet and circle any metals (as a symbol or as a name) that is a transition metal. In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.The compound is neutral overall, but consists of positively charged ions called cations and negatively charged ions called anions.These can be simple ions such as the sodium (Na +) and chloride (Cl −) in sodium chloride, or polyatomic species such as the … Answer to Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. (zV�cߌ�ա. Because no other simpler formula is possible, there is no need to name it “calcium dibromide.” CaBr2 can be named using either the Stock method or the older, classic way of naming. Problem 8 Name five metals and five nonmetals that are very likely to form ionic compounds. Ionic compounds have high melting and boiling points, and they tend to be hard and brittle. Boundless Learning f) Silver chloride. Formulas and Names for Ionic Compounds 1. Q. If a metallic element has cations of different charges, which cation is used has to be indicated by its suffix (an older method) or by Roman numerals in parentheses after its name in writing (the Stock system). �/5��4��R�!f�|!��d�K�1g/SS��x(�Cf�t�)+���iQ/�(/��{��Ƭ�3�%��G���s��D�7�)�x؜�\�8�d���P0PIP-_��V��:�^N���G.S�r��y'*y��]�p"���������F�c�r�4��h ��@�� �Hs��&BnF�>�y2u6�}��/��z(�1�ŋ!��7���Q�uցe�=��dUKҌ��}��D5�4��x�F0�[BT1j ��k& Ions can be single atoms, as the sodium and chlorine in common table salt (sodium chloride), or more complex groups such as the carbonate in calcium carbonate. But to be considered an ion, they must carry a positive or negative charge. Key Difference – Ionic vs Covalent Compounds Many differences can be noted between ionic and covalent compounds based on their macroscopic properties such as solubility in water, electrical conductivity, melting points and boiling points.The main reason for these differences is the difference in their bonding pattern. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. The Roman numerals in fact show the oxidation number, but in simple ionic compounds this will always be the same as the metal’s ionic charge. This is a binary ionic compound. Wikipedia The polyatomic ion name stays the same. h��U�nA��>�z_FB�l��H�D���8�=�[3��=���� ���յ�Z��J�dD�V� �V��4d��(�OI�y#?�M�b�?�����})?��y9?����lqq�n6M7�W}�}$��ل����|>�Cs+b�����*� The anion’s name is similar to the elemental name, but the ending of the name has been removed and replaced with “ide.”. Systematic names are formal names that are always used in print. For example, K+1 is called  the potassium ion, just as K is called the potassium atom. Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.Cr2 S3. Write a formula for the ionic compound that forms between each pair of elements. h�b`��,y� ���� 4. Usually, the positively charged portion consists of metal cations and the negatively charged portion is an anion or polyatomic ion. For each of the following, determine whether the compound is ionic or covalent and write the appropriate formula for it. For example, CuCl2 indicates a molecule where one Cu2+ cation associates with two Cl– anions to form a neutral compound. Naming Ionic Compounds – Answer Key Give the name of the following ionic compounds: Name 1) Na 2CO 3 sodium carbonate 2) NaOH sodium hydroxide 3) MgBr 2 magnesium bromide 4) KCl potassium chloride 5) FeCl 2 iron (II) chloride 6) FeCl 3 iron (III) chloride 7) Zn(OH) 2 zinc hydroxide 8) Be 2SO 4 beryllium sulfate 9) CrF To find the formula of an ionic compound, first identify the cation and write down its symbol and charge. Nomenclature, a collection of rules for naming things, is important in science and in many other situations.This module describes an approach that is used to name simple ionic and molecular compounds, such as NaCl, CaCO 3, and N 2 O 4.The simplest of these are binary compounds, those containing only two elements, but we will also consider how to name ionic compounds containing … c) Aluminum sulfide. Solution for Give each ionic compound an appropriate name.a. Or provide chemical formulas using proper chemcial symbols, parentheses when needed, and numbers immediately following as subscripts, as in the following format: sodium chloride would be NaCl and aluminum sulfate [Al 2 (SO 4) 3] would be expressed as Al2(SO4)3. Then, identify the anion and write down its symbol and charge. Finally, combine the two ions to form an electrically neutral compound. This compound is therefore, copper (II) nitrate. In naming an ionic compound, we follow the steps below: 1. Its older name is cupric chloride. 70) Iron and chlorine form an ionic compound whose formula is FeCl3. endstream endobj 770 0 obj <>/Metadata 86 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[781 0 R]>>/Outlines 371 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/Pages 764 0 R/StructTreeRoot 404 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 771 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 772 0 obj <>stream Common, or trivial, names of compounds are sometimes used in informal conversations between chemists, especially older chemists. When naming ionic compounds, the cation retains the same name as the element. All Chemistry Practice Problems Naming Ionic Compounds Practice Problems. Use both the Stock and common systems, where appropriate. h) Lithium oxide << Positive to positive and negative to negative ionic bonds do not occur. Then either give the same or chemical formula as necessary for each problem below. The older method uses the suffixes -ous and -ic to denote the lower and higher charges, respectively. Work Session 2b: Formulas, Names, and Masses Use the information in your textbook for this work session, as well as the information on pages 4 and 5. 769 0 obj <> endobj 780 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[769 20]/Info 768 0 R/Length 76/Prev 1397859/Root 770 0 R/Size 789/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Give each ionic compound an appropriate name. BaBr 2. To name any binary ionic compound, place the cation name ﬁrst, followed by the anion name.The name of Cs 2 O, then, is cesium oxide. For example, Cu(NO3)2 is copper (II) nitrate, because the charge of two nitrate ions (NO3−1) is 2\cdot(-1) = -2. a. BaS b. FeCl3 c. PbI4 d. SrBr2 . 788 0 obj <>stream By sticking to each other, they resolve, or partially resolve, their separate charge imbalances. Around the Internet and the negatively charged portion is an anion or polyatomic ion zero, name... 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