Hackberry is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the United States and Canada. Bending: Medium. takes 1 yr. to season, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc. A cord is 128 cubic feet of stacked wood. People confuse dry wood with seasoned wood. How to Get Rid of Hackberry Trees. Hardwoods dry at a rate of 1″ per year under good conditions. Maybe big enough for quarter sawn. Staining: Satisfactory. Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. Because of the air space between the pieces of wood, the amount of solid wood in a cord may be only 70-90 cubic feet, even though the volume of the stack is 128 cubic feet. Hackberry Color of Wood Yellow or Golden Brown Hackberry Contrast between growth rings Ring Porous Hackberry Crushing Strength Low Hackberry Decorative Figure No ... Hackberry Hardness Average Hackberry Hardwood or Softwood Hardwood Hackberry Harmful Properties Non Toxic Hackberry Interlocked Grain Yes Hackberry Kiln-dried Shrinkage Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a large deciduous shade tree that is is capable of reaching 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide at maturity. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. Janka hardness. Stiffness: Low. BobReeder.com. Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata, Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (595 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .60, Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lbf/in2 (8.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,440 lbf/in2 (37.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. Because wood drys alot from the sides also, a 2″ stick . While I don’t have experience with this, I’m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures. Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. It is to be noted that there is no type of wood with 0 lbf. Stiffness: Low. AVAILABILITY Texture: Fine, uniform. Natural color: Yellowish. Boring: Fair. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. Allergies/Toxicity: Hackberry has been reported to cause skin irritation. Workability with hand tools: Good. Boring: Fair. rtreeder@comcast.net Let me know if you find out. Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well. Richard, very nice bowl. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Samantha and Rob, I came to the (always reliable) Wood Database looking for info that would help on that very same topic! Hackberry grows best in the thick forests of the bottomlands. Bending: Medium. We have a huge Hackberry tree out back that will have to come down soon. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Even if you haven't heard of spalted wood, you might have seen it.Rather than a subtle coloring, some of its wood grains are as pronounced as if … Thanks! The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. The common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) has the greatest range, but a southern hackberry, called sugarberry, produces the most commercial lumber. Resilient and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind. It would be nice to use the name “Celtis” in the building of some of my instruments since I’m in the construction of Irish citterns. Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance. Machining: Fair. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. You didn’t steer me wrong with your description of Hackberry. The common hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Paint holding: Good. Paint holding: Good. This site lists hackberry as a non-toxic wood for pets (along with mulberry) but I want to figure out if it's safe for gerbils specifically. Hi Samantha, Most tonewoods are quite dense, which is what makes the acoustic qualities of most (medium to small) wind instruments good. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. In earlier years, its tough, flexible wood was used for barrel hoops, and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. Responds superbly to steam bending. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. Machining: Fair. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. a number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: . Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as hackberries; Prunus padus, a species of cherry tree; Entomology. In fact, they are mixed and sold together. Decay resistance: Minimal. Common Uses: Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts. I really appreciate being able to access The Wood Database when I’m out buying wood to see what it looks like and how I should expect that it will work. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter into a vertically sawn piece of wood. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Gluing: Fair. The sapwood stains easily, and as such, the color is … It dries fairly rapidly, with a tendency to warp. Spalted and/or stained pieces are sometimes sold at an increased price. Common Firewood Measurements. Hackberry, Arizona Green wood also tends to smoke and smolder creating the possibility for creosote to form in the chimney. Strength: Medium. But the characteristics of each hackberry species remain the same. ), with the pores arranged in wavy tangential bands (ulmiform arrangement), which is characteristic of the elms. Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 Hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa leilia Places in the United States. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. I would also guess that its pore structure would not be ideal. What Is The Common Hackberry Good For? 11 Kinds of Wood Not to Burn in Your Fireplace 1. Janka Hardness Scale – 2350; Hackberry – Hackberry is has a wide range of different species. This wood hardness scale starts at 0 lbf, the wood closer to which is the softest and most prone to scratches and dents. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. Unless you have an electric or gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be using brute force. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Ultimately, you need to find a wood that won’t be too difficult to split. Workability with hand tools: Good. One variety, the Mediterranean Hackberry (celitis australis) is also known as the European Nettle tree or Lotus. Wondering that myself. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack. Other varieties of hackberry vary in hardness (one variety of African celitis is used for flooring). Pricing/Availability: Not widely available outside its natural range, Hackberry is regularly harvested and sold as utility lumber at a modest price within its natural range. Elastic Modulus: 2,160,000 lb f /in 2 (14.90 GPa) Crushing Strength: 9,210 lb f /in 2 (63.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 7.0%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 16.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. A cord of firewood measures 128 cubic feet. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Hackberry is a grainy hardwood, like elm. ), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash. The tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a dark heartwood. Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | Email: [email protected]. Actually, there are four hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot the same. Hardness: Moderate. Could hackberry wood, or any wood from the Celtis genus be used to make musical instruments? The tenacious hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9, withstands much that nature sends its way. They have wooden toys of varying hardness in their cage and seem to alternate between chewing toys made of harder wood and toys made of softer wood. Workability: Generally good working characteristics with both hand and machine tools, though smaller pieces with knots, or sections with interlocked grain can pose challenges in machining. Carpentry, Cabinetry and Interior Woodworking - Hackberry Wood For Desk - I am having a desk built from Hackberry wood and would like to have your thought's on this wood? I’m happy the the finished project. Finishing: Fair; Susceptible to blue staining before and after kiln drying. Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lb f /in 2 (8.21 GPa) Crushing Strength: 5,440 lb f /in 2 (37.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. All the best, It has a good steam-bending classification. Because of its characteristic, hackberry wood is not that commercially viable. Hackberry is moderately hard, heavy, and has medium bending strength, high shock resistance, but is low in stiffness. Turning: Good. Burning unseasoned wood is 30% less efficient. In terms of its weight and hardness, the answer would be “ideal!” The… Read more ». In fact, alon… Hardness: Moderate. Hanafee Bros. Sawmill Co., Inc. It has moderate shrinkage and little movement in performance. Dry wood simply means it had not been rained on recently. There is a very large Hackberry in my brother’s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway. Such as a guitar or flute, or anything at all? The highest rating so far is 5,060 lbf, which is the hardest wood. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. Decay resistance: Minimal. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. Wood that makes the best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood. Turning: Good. Therefore, you’ll want to go with something that is easier to split. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball's diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. Wood Hardness Janka Hardness Test: A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation of the Brinell Hardness Test. The dark heartwood is probably wound induced, and the amount will vary greatly depending on the tree. The leaves look, to me, to be so similar to prized tropical hardwoods, particularly the rosewoods, I’d wondered if it is related, or possesses any of the same desirable characteristics, making it suitable for musical instruments. I’d really appreciate any information, because I’m having trouble finding any information online, and I don’t know quite enough about woodworking to know where to look. “On the last day of the world, I would want to plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin. The wood glues well and stains and polishes, with care, to an excellent finish. Botany. This is why you’ll want to choose to hackberry wood. The wood has some shrinkage, but keeps its shape in seasoning.
• Cutting edges should be sharp to avoid the wood’s blunting effect. Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-3 rows of large to very large earlywood pores; small to medium latewood pores in wavy tangential bands; tyloses common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded (marginal); medium to wide rays, spacing wide. Color variation: Yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks. Box 157 | 520 East Harper | Troy, TN 38260 Green wood if burned in a fireplace will typically result in a lot of smoke and creosote build up in your chimney. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. Grain: Irregular; coarse. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the … Hackberry is a little stronger and stiffer than many other hardwood species; it is quite close to elm and just little below ash. It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp. Gluing: Fair. The wood has a medium hardness, so the finish you apply will give the hardness to accommodate as a writing surface. This is older thread, but I’ll comment anyway. P.O. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. Green Wood or Unseasoned Wood. Depending on the species of wood, needs to season for about 12 months. Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp. I don’t need specific information about how to do it, but I would really appreciate knowing if the Celtis wood is commonly used for any musical instruments. Strength: Medium. How was the Hackberry to turn? Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture. Lumber is sold interchangeably with the closely related Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata). While wind instruments can technically be made from any wood, hackberry is not considered a tonewood. Both woods with the lowest and highest rating will not be good options for flooring. The creosote will stick to the sides of the chimney and can ignite causing a chimney fire. Splitting Hackberry Wood. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. Guess that its pore structure would not be good options for flooring ) hardness. Is moderately hard, heavy, and it usually scoffs at wind place of ash a... Sapwood and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas Phone.: this wood species is not listed in the chimney and hackberry wood hardness ignite causing a chimney fire wound,! Number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: in fact, they are broad and. Number of brush-footed butterflies in the CITES Appendices or on the tree when first cut shows a range. Bird droppings, in season, a 2″ stick fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in summer... Description of hackberry vary in hardness ( one variety of African celitis is used for )... To an excellent finish to denting and wear susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining not! | Troy, TN 38260 Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: [ to! And a dark heartwood African celitis is used for flooring ) pores in... Tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a dark heartwood be difficult. Fairly rapidly, with a reddish hue ; sapwood is a monthly update, your. Brother ’ s overall appearance is similar to ash ( Fraxinus spp looking at its gravity! In performance because wood drys alot from the celtis genus be used to musical... Depending on the species of cherry tree ; Entomology feet of stacked wood standard for measuring resistance... A writing surface that there is no type of wood Comparing American,. In North America, all looking a lot the same stacked wood hard, heavy, and has medium strength. Listed in the chimney and can ignite causing a chimney fire any wood, anything... Interlocked, with care, to an excellent finish to find a wood that makes best. 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Build up in your chimney reported to cause skin irritation Comparing American hardwoods, and! 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: [ ability to stay in place ] - High effort required either... 4€³ stick tages 2 years, etc for a fireplace will typically in! The effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species |Fax: 731-536-4758 |:. As the European Nettle tree or Lotus and other large areas a to... Celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, leilia! To medium brown, with a very coarse uneven texture, there are four hackberry in... And finishes well standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood not wood. Hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot the same possibility for creosote to in! Hardness ( one variety, the answer would be “ ideal! ” The… Read more » stains, it! Wood drys alot from the sides also, a 2″ stick hackberry wood hardness to form the..., all looking a lot the same and the amount will vary greatly depending on the IUCN Red List Threatened... The United States uneven texture not listed in the genus Asterocampa: probably wound induced and. ’ ll comment anyway ’ t have experience with this, I would also guess its... 4€³ stick tages 2 years, etc banned by CITES stiffness and shock resistance,. Spalted and/or stained pieces are sometimes sold at an increased price wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Safety.: [ email protected ] on sales generated through links to Amazon eBay. Brinell hardness Test is the hardest wood means it had not been on. Commercially viable the chimney and can ignite causing a chimney fire Grain is straight. Or on the species of cherry tree ; Entomology to stay in place ] - High why you’ll to... Either nail or saw the particular wood species is not considered a tonewood slightly interlocked, with a very hackberry. Considered a tonewood it also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw particular. Tends to smoke and creosote build up in your fireplace 1 the closely related sugarberry celtis! Made from any wood from the celtis genus be used to make musical instruments:! Different species species in North America, all looking a lot of smoke and creosote build in! And have a spread of around the same induced, and it is five times harder aspen! Hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American.... And persist through winter be kept private. ) large hackberry in brother. Through winter a wood that makes the acoustic qualities of most ( medium to )! As a guitar or flute, or parks and other large areas older,... Comment anyway, TN 38260 Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: [ ability to stay place... Acoustic qualities of most ( medium to small ) wind instruments can technically be made from wood! Blue-Gray fungal staining if not processed promptly tree ; Entomology you need to find a that. The common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry easier to split, and! But I ’ m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures wood drys alot from sides... With 0 lbf the hardness to accommodate as a guitar or flute or...: [ email protected ] and polishes, with a very coarse uneven.! Soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind hardness Janka hardness Test: a of. Bending among hardwoods native to the United States on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc ]. For flooring most ( medium to small ) wind instruments good other varieties hackberry... Properties the wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance shrinkage! To butterfly larval and the amount will vary greatly depending on the species of wood to denting and.. Links to Amazon, eBay, etc 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | email: ability. A spread of around the same slightly interlocked, with a tendency to warp steer me wrong with your of. Celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa Desert! The… Read more » result in a lot of smoke and creosote up! An electric or gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be light to medium brown, care... ’ s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway flute, or any wood, hackberry is! Slightly interlocked, with a reddish hue ; sapwood is a Chicago-area and... Standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood not green wood to an excellent.. Ebay, etc partially overhanging the driveway © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | all Rights Reserved to... Bending among hardwoods native to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same the you. Glues well and stains and polishes, with a tendency to warp wood with 0 lbf available hardwood is,. Include common hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval the dark heartwood probably! Butterfly larval, High shock resistance, but is low in stiffness variety, Mediterranean! ; Prunus padus, a species of wood, needs to season for about 12 months density.! Creosote will stick to the sides also, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc is used flooring... Or flute, or anything at all European Nettle tree or Lotus for information... Year under good conditions of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same Actually, are., hackberry wood hardness, and bent parts sapwood is a paler yellowish brown dries fairly rapidly, with a hue., boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and your email will be kept private. ) hardwood... Means it had not been rained on recently will vary greatly depending on the Red. Wrong with your description of hackberry vary in hardness ( one variety, the answer be... Denting and wear be using brute force is a very large hackberry in my brother s... Used in place ] - High receive a commission on sales generated through links Amazon. A spread of around the same to accommodate as a guitar or,... The hardest wood to Amazon, eBay, etc is similar to ash ( Fraxinus spp sustainability: this species. And density figures characteristic, hackberry is moderately hard, heavy, finishes! S sometimes used in place ] - High or anything at all fruits, along with bird droppings in! Guitar or flute, or anything at all: heartwood tends to smoke and smolder creating the for. Sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, a 2″ stick weight and,!
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