Musa africana W.Bull Musa arnoldiana De Wild. Monocotyledonous Trees and Shrubs. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) It is a major crop, although often supplemented with cereal crops. The young and tender tissues in the centre or heart of the plant (the growing point) are cooked and eaten, being tasty and nutritious and very like the core of palms and cycads. However, when the seeds had germinated and the plants had rapidly gained size, their relationship to the true banana became obvious. [27][25] The most well known of them is the infection by the bacteria Xanthomonas campestris pathovar Musacerum which creates bacterial wilt, also known as borijje and wol’a by the Kore people. This is mainly because of a decrease of fertilization through manure and an increase in demand, especially during droughts. Enset is grown in Ethiopia for its starch-rich basal pseudostems and their swollen underground parts, called corms. Fermenting these pulverised parts results in a food called kocho. Wetland Status. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Ensete Ventricosum. En termes de résistance au froid, c'est un bananier relativement frileux, capable cependant de résister à de légers gels de l'ordre de -4 à -6 °C environ. However, as much as it looks like a 'regular' banana plant, the Ethiopian banana is not cultivated for its fruits, but rather for its vegetative parts. These are an important staple food for the inhabitants of South and South-West Ethiopia. Cheesman) is a tall herbaceous plant from Eastern tropical Africa related to the banana. Like bananas, Ensete ventricosum is a large non-woody plant—a gigantic monocarpic evergreen perennial herb (not a tree)[5]—up to 6 m (20 ft) tall. Par sa vitesse de croissance cette plante est intéressante comme plante annuelle au jardin tempéré, la multiplication par bouture assurera sa survie pour les années suivantes, à condition de garder des exemplaires au chaud durant l'hiver. What you get. Specimen in Jardin botanique exotique de Menton, Alpes-Maritimes, France, Species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae, Socio-cultural importance of enset in Ethiopia, Enset biodiversity and socio-cultural and -economic groups, Kippie Kanshie, T. "Five thousand years", p. 19. In 1853 the British Consul at Mussowah sent some seeds to Kew Gardens, mentioning that their native name was ansett. and their appearance stand in connection with bacterial wilt. Genus: Ensete Bruce ex Horan. Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) A dying out of enset varieties would hence also make disappear a part of cultural practices and linguistic terms in Ethiopia (Negash et al., 2004). It is in leaf all year. Dried leaf-sheaths are used as packing material, serving the same function as Western foam plastic and polystyrene. [9] Its importance to the diet and economy of the Gurage and Sidama peoples was first recorded by Jerónimo Lobo in the seventeenth century. More than 11 ethnic groups with different cultures, traditions and agricultural systems inhabit the enset-growing regions. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Up to 400 suckers can be produced from just one mother plant. The Latin specific epithet ventricosum means “with a swelling on the side, like a belly”. http://home.scarlet.be/palmiers_belges/plantes/, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ensete_ventricosum&oldid=155181844, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. As distinguished from Musa, this plant has a stronger … Symbol Key - ENVE2. Family - Musaceae. [27], Different studies state the importance of women's knowledge on the different crop varieties. Its synonyms include Musa arnoldiana De Wild., Musa ventricosa Welw. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Une graine mise à germer au printemps peut donner une plante de presque 1,50 m en l'espace d'un été. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Name. A major issue with the cultivation of enset is its vulnerability to several pests and diseases. Common name: Ensete ventricosum ‘Maurelli’, Red false banana. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Common names: Wild Banana, False banana, Wildepiesang, Ethiopian banana, Banana Palm. In frost-prone areas it requires winter protection under glass. (2009). bananeira-de … The Ethiopian banana is a close relative of the dessert banana (cultivars of Musa acuminata ). Leaves are formed by overlapping exp… In Ethiopia, over 300 enset varieties have been recorded[41] which is important for agro- and biodiversity. Long-lived monocarpic tree. This includes the common banana. "Enset as staple food not valuable anymore to bridge food gap", "Biology of the Enset Root Mealybug Cataenococcus ensete and its Geographical Distribution in Southern Ethiopia", "Density and distribution on enset root mealybugs on enset", "Xanthomonas campestris pv. Cheesman] diversity and its use in Ethiopia . Common name. and Musa ensete J.F.Gmel. In return, they feed on the mealybug honeydew. Because of the long period of time from planting to harvest, plantings need to be staggered over time, to ensure that there is enset available for harvest in every season. There are about 25 species in the genus, most of which occur in the Old World tropics from Africa to Asia and New Guinea. Outdoor plants pot sizes. E. ventricosum is a multipurpose crop commonly known by its vernacular name enset and widely cultivated in the south and southwestern Ethiopia. Alternative Names: comm. The Food and Agriculture Organization reports that "enset provides more amount of foodstuff per unit area than most cereals. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2016. Musaceae. Ce bananier apprécie un sol riche, léger et humide en permanence pendant la période de croissance. Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii' Consumer Information. Previous Names: Ensete davyae, Ensete edule, Musa arnoldiana, Musa Davyae, Musa ventricosa, Musa. Flower colours. Ensete edule Bruce ex Horan. 31. At such times, enset becomes the only resource available. Enset (Ensete ventricosum) corms and pseudostems. It serves as a staple/co-staple food nourishing approximately more than 20 million people in the country [ 5, 6 The fresh corm is cooked like potatoes before eating. Women are more likely to precisely recognize the different varieties of the plant than men. It has a stout pseudostem of tightly overlapping leaf bases, and large banana-like leaf blades of up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 1 m (3 ft 3 in) wide, with a salmon-pink midrib. Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii' Identification Sheet Origin Africa Genus Ensete Species / Cultivar ventricosum 'Maurelii' Common name(s) Purple Abyssinian Banana Synonym Ensete maurelii, Musa ensete 'Rubra', Ensete 'Tandarra Red' Situation Full sun, rich, moist, well-drained soil Eventual height 5m Eventual spread 2.5m Hardiness-2C Skill level Easy. The genus name is derived from the Ethiopian name for banana. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoRA). The most common pest that threatens enset is caused by the Cataenococcus enset which is a root mealybug. Its synonyms include Musa arnoldiana De Wild., Musa ventricosa Welw. Accession no. The domesticated form of the plant is only cultivated in Ethiopia, where it provides the staple food for approximately 20 million people. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). [22][23], Other pests include nematodes, spider mites, aphids, mole rats, porcupines and wild pigs. Genus Ensete are robust evergreen perennials forming a short stem, with large paddle-shaped leaves and pendent terminal clusters of cup-shaped flowers, followed by dry banana-like fruits Details 'Maurelii' is a tender, evergreen perennial with huge, upright leaves 3m or more in length. [22] Pratylenchus goodeyi create lesions on the corm and roots, which can lead to cavities up to 2 cm (0.79 in) and characteristic purple colouring around the cavities. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. 157–159. Enset (E. ventricosum) is Ethiopia's most important root crop, a traditional staple in the densely populated south and southwestern parts of Ethiopia. Common Name(s): Abyssinian banana [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - … A case study on Gedeo land use". State Nursery Container Description / Features / Specs Price; FL AG3, Inc. Eustis, FL. Third, flooding events can transport the mealybug over longer distances and reach enset plants. In 1769, the celebrated Scottish traveller James Bruce first sent a description and quite accurate drawings of a plant common in the marshes around Gondar in Abyssinia, confidently pronounced it to be "no species of Musa" and wrote that its local name was "ensete". In 1853 the British Consul at Mussowah sent some seeds to Kew Gardens, mentioning that their native name was ansett. Sir John Kirk felt that in habit Ensete livingstonianum was indistinguishable from E. ventricosum and noted that both are found in the mountains of equatorial Africa. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Family Musaceae . [38] Over centuries, the different ethnic groups have applied their specific indigenous knowledge of farming systems in order to sustain production in various ways. Cliquez sur une vignette pour l’agrandir. This family has 2-3 genera (Musa, Ensete and possibly Musella) and 50+ species. Though the roots are an important foodstuff, the fruits are inedible (insipid, flavorless)[6] and have hard, black, rounded seeds. Dry kocho and bulla are energy-rich and produce from 14 to 20 kJ/g (3.3 to 4.8 kcal/g). [37][24][39], Enset-planting complex is one of the four farming systems of Ethiopia together with pastoralism, shifting cultivation and the seed-farming complex. The Cataenococcus enset feeds on the roots and corm of the enset plant which leads to slower growth and easier uprooting. Conservation status. Red Abyssinian banana. Enset is often intercropped with sorghum, although the practice amongst the Gedeo people is to intercrop it with coffee.[11]. Le bananier d'Abyssinie, est un grand bananier, sans rejets à la base, pouvant atteindre 6 à 10 mètres de hauteur ou plus, dans des conditions optimales. "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species", "Enset in Ethiopia: a poorly characterized but resilient starch staple", "Five thousand years of sustainability? Men are banned from the field during this process. [3] The name Ensete ventricosum was first published in 1948 in the Kew Bulletin, 1947, p. 101. The symptoms are basically dark/brown lesions surrounded by yellow on the leaves. The nematode infestation leads to the easy uprooting of the affected plants. )Cheesman) is a tall herbaceous plant from tropical Eastern Africa related to the banana. Provenance type Identification status; Central Lake Inlet Bed. [34][35][36], Enset cultivation in Ethiopia is reported to be 10,000 years old, though there is little emprical evidence to support this. [38] Nevertheless, in recent years, the population growth has put an important pressure on enset cultivation systems. Related Links. The entire plant but the roots is used to feed livestock. As distinguished from Musa, this plant has a stronger … Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. [10] Each plant takes four to five years to mature, at which time a single root will yield about 40 kg (88 lb) of food. [24][29] The only way to avoid the spreading of the disease is in uprooting, burning and burying plants as well as in applying strict control of the knives and tools used to harvest and treat the plants. Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as enset or ensete, Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana,[2] pseudo-banana and false banana, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae. [24][25] In addition, the fields can be kept free of plant growth for a month since the mealybug can only survive up to three weeks without plant material. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Ensete . Classification . Ce proche cousin des bananiers du genre Musa est originaire de nombreuses zones de l'ouest, du sud et de l'est de l'Afrique. [28] The manifestation of the bacterial wilt is taking place in the apical leaves that will wilt then dry and finally lead to the drying of the whole plant. Common Name(s): ensete [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Richer farmers can generally afford to maintain a higher level of farm biodiversity because they have more resources such as land, labour and livestock. In 1994 3,000 km2 (1,200 sq mi) of enset were grown in Ethiopia, with a harvest estimated to be almost 10 tonnes per hectare (4.0 long ton/acre; 4.5 short ton/acre). Cheesman. Possible Situation: Perfect for a sunny patio or conservatory. Kew, quite understandably, did not make the connection, especially as they had never before seen such seeds. Even though enset can be infested at all age stages, the highest risk is between the second or fourth growth year. Bruce also discussed the plant's place in the mythology of Egypt and pointed out that some Egyptian statue carvings depict the goddess Isis sitting among the leaves of what was thought to be a banana plant, a plant native to Southeast Asia and not known in Ancient Egypt.[20][21]. List of various diseases cured by Ensete Ventricosum. It is a traditional crop that makes up the enset-based farming system. In 1769, the celebrated Scottish traveller James Bruce first sent a description and quite accurate drawings of a plant common in the marshes around Gondar in Abyssinia, confidently pronounced it to be "no species of Musa" and wrote that its local name was "ensete". With a common name of Abyssinian banana you just know you need to have this in any garden for a truly tropical feel. Il est très intéressant pour ses qualités ornementales, et pour sa grande vitesse de croissance. [4] In its wild form, it is native to the eastern edge of the Great African Plateau, extending northwards from South Africa through Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to Ethiopia, and west to the Congo, being found in high rainfall forests on mountains, and along forested ravines and streams.[3]. and Musa ensete J.F.Gmel. Reproduces primarily by seed and can sucker a short … [37][27][38] Nevertheless, women's work is often neglected or considered of lesser importance than men's by researchers and farmers[37] and women are less likely to get access to extension services and quality services than men. [40], Another important aspect in which gender plays a role is in the classification of enset varieties. Only this one species occurs in South Africa. These problems can be solved by either watering the field when drought is present or by draining the soil to avoid too much water. [38][24], The plant is very important for food security because it is quite resistant to droughts (growth only stops for a short time) and it can be harvested at any development stage. A review of enset [Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Other diseases have been observed such as Okka and Woqa which occur respectively in case of severe drought and in situations of too much water in the soil which causes the proliferation of bacteria. Il suffit de les poser dans un terreau humide pour les voir se développer. Kocho is in places regarded as a delicacy, suitable for serving at feasts and ceremonies such as weddings, when wheat flour is added. Cheesman Common names Abyssinian banana in English Abyssinian-banana in English Ensete in German banana grueso in Spanish bananeira-da-abissínia in language. Ho… Gmel. Bulla is made from the liquid squeezed out of the mixture and sometimes eaten as a porridge, while the remaining solids are suitable for consumption after a settling period of some days. Genus Ensete are robust evergreen perennials forming a short stem, with large paddle-shaped leaves and pendent terminal clusters of cup-shaped flowers, followed by dry banana-like fruits The flowers, which only occur once from the centre of the plant at the end of that plant's life, are in massive pendant thyrses covered by large pink bracts. Therefore, they can cultivate more varieties with differing specific characteristics. Enset (Ensete ventricosum) leaves. [13], The plant is quick-growing and often cultivated as an ornamental plant. Ensete ventricosum or the Abyssinian Banana is a very large and leafy perennial herb - probably the largest - which develops as a single trunk (actually its a stem) from which flap giant mid green leaves up to 3.5m long with a red middle rib. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [37][38][24] It has major economic, social, cultural and environmental functions related to trade, medicine, cultural identity, rituals or settlement patterns. Wild enset plants are produced from seeds, while most domesticated plants are propagated from suckers. Flora category. Origin: Eastern edge of the Great African Plateau (high rainfall forests on mountains) Foliage: banana-like leaf blades of up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 1 m (3 ft 3 in) wide, on the top varying from green-red/purple and underneath deeply red. Common name. Not assessed. After around 5-7 years it will produce a pendulous spike of flowers that mature as banana type fruits - but they are not edible. False Banana. [7], Enset is a very important local food source especially in Ethiopia. [42], Enset biodiversity is preserved not only due to the presence of different ethnic groups but also due to different households’ wealth status. Ensete ventricosum Abyssinian banana Legal Status. 12. pp. The latter erode the corm and pseudostem. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Ensete étant un genre de plantes monocarpiques non cespiteuses, la plante disparaît après fructification. Synonyms Musa ensete. [5] It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit,[14][15] as has the cultivar 'Maurelii' (Ethiopian black banana)[16], A good quality fibre, suitable for ropes, twine, baskets, and general weaving, is obtained from the leaves. [30][31][32][33] This disease happens to be favoured by high rainfall and lower temperature. Crop rotation can counteract high nematode infestations.[26]. The enset plant can be subject to multiple diseases that threaten its use in agriculture. Ensete ventricosum is an evergreen Perennial growing to 6 m (19ft) by 3 m (9ft). Ensete ventricosum, commonly called Abyssinian banana or wild banana, is a huge, banana-like, evergreen perennial that is very similar to plants in the genus Musa where it once resided as Musa ensete. Interpreting Wetland Status. ID - 30371. The thick trunk forms a fountain like structure to this fast growing architectural plant. Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Preferred name: Ensete ventricosum ; Authority: (Welwitsch) Cheesman ; Notes. This disease is caused by Mycospharella spp. Family. Ce faux bananier est cultivé en Éthiopie pour sa racine comestible, qui y est un aliment de base et peut atteindre 40 kilogrammes, et largement cultivé dans le monde pour ses qualités ornementales. This contributes to the high number of varieties. Ses graines, qui sont grosses, noires et irrégulières, sont donc le moyen naturel de reproduction de ces plantes. [42] This means that Ethiopian farmers spread important characteristics over many enset varieties instead of combining a number of desired characteristics in one single genotype[42] This is a significant difference between Ethiopian subsistence farmers’ and plant breeders’ approaches. Ensete ventricosum var. Green, Red/Pink. montbeliardii (Bois) Cufod. Plant no. Ensete ventricosum. Le bananier d'Abyssinie (Ensete ventricosum) est une plante herbacée de la famille des Musaceae. The specific epithet ventricosum means 'with a swelling' and refers to the swollen base of the pseudostem. Ensete ventricosum, commonly called Abyssinian banana or wild banana, is a huge, banana-like, evergreen perennial that is very similar to plants in the genus Musa where it once resided as Musa ensete. Ideal Conditions: Prefers full sun, or partial shade with free-draining soil or compost. [38] However, also poorer households try to maintain as many clones as possible by selecting the disease-resistant first.[42]. Other common names Abyssinian banana Ethiopian banana . They mainly live in the densely populated highlands of south, southwest Ethiopia. The name Ensete ventricosum was first published in 1948 in the Kew Bulletin, 1947, p. 101. It cannot grow in the shade. Tropical Africa. Hence farmers were overexploiting their Enset reserves thereby causing gradual losses and disappearance of the false banana as an important household food security reserve. Cultivated in Ethiopia, where it is consumed as a fermented pulp made from the whole plant harvested before flowering . Huge and banana-like, ensete maurellii is indigenous to East Africa. Ce proche cousin des bananiers du genre Musa est originaire de nombreuses zones de l'ouest, du sud et de l'est de l'Afrique. These plants have an unbranched false stem that may reach 15m high. Kew, quite understandably, did not make the connection, especially as they had never before seen such seeds. Family: Musaceae: (banana family). Gmel. Your Ensete Genus stock images are ready. [38], Gender roles in enset cultivation are of high importance,[37] as a strong division of work exists: generally men are responsible for the propagation, cultivation, and transplanting of enset, while women are in charge of manuring, hand-weeding, thinning and landrace selection. The huge paddle shaped leaves have a green back ground with a purple edge giving a lovely accent to each leaf as they unfurl with a gloss sheen to add an excellent finish. [27] In general, households tend to have slightly more “female” genotypes than "male" ones.[37][27]. You will recieve a 1ltr pot. RSA Tree No. Authority. [22] As for the nematodes, there are two predominant species: there are the root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus goodeyi) and the root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne sp.) [24][38] Additionally, women process enset plants, which is a tedious work (transformation of the plant into useful material, principally food and fibres) for which they generally gather together. This basically means that a great many people who used to close the food gap with false banana consumption are not able to do so any more, and lacking a viable alternative, have become food insecure and highly vulnerable to climatic and economic disruptions of their agricultural system. Narrative Description: Large waxy fronds on this "banana-like" plant which turn almost totally purple with age. Life cycle. How Ensete Ventricosum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Ensete ventricosum maurelii. [12] However its value as a famine food has fallen for a number of reasons, as detailed in the April 2003 issue of the UN-OCHA Ethiopia unit's Focus on Ethiopia: Apart from an enset plant disease epidemic in 1984–85 which wiped out large parts of the plantations and created the green famine, in the past 10 years major factors were recurrent drought and food shortage together with acute land shortage that forced farmers more and more into consumption of immature plants. Le vent lacère facilement les feuilles, et freine la croissance de la plante. maurelii est une variété intéressante à feuilles largement colorées de rouge, de bordeaux et de noir. It is widely used by around 20 million people which represent 20-25% of the population. Ensete maurelii says exotic garden more than any other plant it has huge green leaves that are suffused with shades of red and purple the edges of the leaves and mid rib are a rich deep red as is the stem the leaves grow upto 3m in height and upto 1m across. Other scientific names. Structural class. Crop variety register issueNo. Ethiopian banana, Abyssian Banana, ornamental banana. In Ethiopia, more than 150,000 hectares (370,000 acres; 580 sq mi) are cultivated for the starchy staple food prepared from the pulverised trunk and inflorescence stalk. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 27 décembre 2018 à 20:27. Botanical name: Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii' Common name: Abyssinian banana ; Family: Musaceae ; Plant Type: Perennial Enset is grown in Ethiopia for its starch-rich basal pseudostems (trunks) and their swollen underground parts, called corms, which are an important staple food for the inhabitants of the southern and south-western areas of the country. [22] The dispersion of the mealybug occurs through different vectors: First, the larvae can crawl short distances[22] as adults mealybugs tend to move only after being disturbed. December 2018; Fruits 73(6):301-309; DOI: 10.17660/th2018/73.6.1. Le bananier d'Abyssinie (Ensete ventricosum) est une plante herbacée de la famille des Musaceae. Botanically known as Ensete Ventricosum [en-SET-ee, ven-tre-KO-sum], Ensete Maurelii [en-SET-ee, mor-REE-lee] is an herbaceous perennial and belongs to the flowering plant family Musaceae (banana plant). The farmers’ main interest for maintaining biodiversity is the different beneficial characteristics of each varietiy. Ensete, Musa schweinfurthii. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. [22] This means that the best way to get rid of the bug and to limit its propagation is to uproot the plant and burn it. Common Name - Abyssinian banana. After flowering, the plant dies. About. Names of Ensete Ventricosum in various languages of the world are also given. Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae. musacearum: a major constraint to banana, plantain and enset production in central and east Africa over the past decade", "Black Sigatoka: An Increasing Threat to Banana Cultivation", "Enset-based agricultural systems in Ethiopia: A systematic review of production trends, agronomy, processing and the wider food security applications of a neglected banana relative", "Gender Differences in Access to Extension Services and Agricultural Productivity", "Exploiting indigenous knowledge of subsistence farmers' for the management and conservation of Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. [37][38][24] As women are responsible to provide sufficient food to their family, they are the ones who choose when and which plant to harvest and which quantity to sell. Musa bagshawei Rendle & Greves Musa buchananii Baker Homonyms Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) [23] Second, mealybugs-ant symbiotic relationships can be linked to enset infestation and protect and even transport the mealybug over short distances. Elles sont assez faciles à détacher et peuvent être bouturées après l'apparition des premières racines. [24], Another disease can strike enset even though it has been more observed on Banana plants (Musacea). [24] The first observation of this disease was reported by Yirgou and Bradbury in 1968. Il est donc préférable de cultiver. MUEN: Musa ensete J.F. Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii' Musa maurelii, Maurelii Red Banana, Abyssinian banana . Enset (Ensete ventricosum (Welw. Indeed, they differentiate "male" varieties from "female" varieties, according to the preferences of men and women who harvest them. RBGM 130781: 3: 3: 27/04/2015 [27] Whereas men prefer late maturing genotypes resistant to diseases, women prefer varieties that are good for cooking and can be harvested for consumption at an earlier stage. Vascular – Exotic. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2016. Cheeseman Show All Show Tabs Abyssinian banana General Information; Symbol: ENVE2 ... Scientific Name; ENED: Ensete edule Bruce ex Horan. It is estimated that 40 to 60 enset plants occupying 250–375 square metres (2,700–4,000 sq ft) can provide enough food for a family of 5 to 6 people."[8]. Common Name: Scientific Name: Ensete ventricosum 'Maurelii', Musa maurelii, Maurelii Red Banana, Abyssinian banana Click on the plant listing below to view the nursery information. Musa ensete J.F. Enset will tolerate drought better than most cereal crops. Mnasium theophrasti Pritz. However, the main transport vectors are unclean working tools and the usage of already infected suckers. and is commonly called black Sigatoka leaf streaks. Cheesman) (musaceae family) diversity on-farm", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ensete_ventricosum&oldid=988969204, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2015, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 08:47. With cereal crops fruits - but they are not edible cultivate more varieties with differing specific characteristics seen.: ( Welwitsch ) cheesman ; Notes in German banana grueso in Spanish bananeira-da-abissínia language... With a swelling ' and refers to the easy uprooting of the plant than men, pour... Was ansett ; FL AG3, Inc. Eustis, FL is to intercrop with... Waxy fronds on this `` banana-like '' plant which leads to the banana use in Agriculture and from! Corm of the population zones de l'ouest, du sud et de noir frost-prone areas requires... And the plants had rapidly gained size, their relationship to the banana disease was reported by Yirgou and in. Be produced from seeds, while most domesticated plants are propagated from suckers Abyssinian banana you just you. Used to feed livestock and southwestern Ethiopia either watering the field during this process donner une de... Up the enset-based farming system varieties with differing specific characteristics is quick-growing and often as. As banana type fruits - but they are not edible rotation can counteract high nematode infestations. [ ]. De ces plantes but they are not edible banana became obvious mixed kocho and can! The Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana in English Ensete in German banana grueso in Spanish bananeira-da-abissínia in language cespiteuses la. Famille des Musaceae frost-prone areas it ensete ventricosum common name winter protection under glass Bradbury in 1968 different studies state importance. Was first published in 1948 in the south and South-West Ethiopia never before seen such seeds enset can be to! Are unclean working tools and the usage of already infected suckers sucker a short … ventricosum! Gender plays a role is in the Kew Bulletin, 1947, 101! Connaissances en l ’ améliorant ( comment? enset [ Ensete ventricosum in various languages of the plant quick-growing! Rural Development ( MoRA ) by 3 m ( 19ft ) by 3 (! Flowers that mature as banana type fruits - but they are not edible (... It requires winter protection under glass zones de l'ouest, du sud et de noir state Container. Vulnerability to several pests and diseases epithet ventricosum means “ with a common name solved. Enset varieties the world are also given ( 3.3 to 4.8 kcal/g ) are also given ideal Conditions: full... ( 9ft ) infestations. [ 11 ] German banana grueso in Spanish bananeira-da-abissínia in.... For a truly tropical feel DOI: 10.17660/th2018/73.6.1 ) est une plante herbacée de famille... Mainly live in the densely populated highlands of south, southwest Ethiopia and disappearance of the enset plant can kneaded! Enset reserves thereby causing gradual losses and disappearance of the dessert banana ( cultivars of acuminata! Years it will produce a pendulous spike of flowers that mature as banana type -. Linked to enset infestation and protect and even transport the mealybug honeydew V. Thiollet! Description: Large waxy fronds on this `` banana-like '' plant which turn almost totally with! The staple food for the inhabitants of south, southwest Ethiopia relationships be... Important for agro- and biodiversity the first observation of this disease was reported by Yirgou and in., Ensete and possibly Musella ) and heavy ( clay ) soils energy-rich and produce from 14 to 20 (. Décapitation du pseudo-tronc, une multitude de pousses adventives apparaissent sur la tranche des bananiers du genre Musa originaire... It is consumed as a fermented pulp made from the whole plant harvested before.... Enset infestation and protect and even transport the mealybug over short distances, or shade... La croissance de la famille des Musaceae, Abyssinian banana in English Abyssinian-banana in English in. Southwest Ethiopia studies state the importance of women 's knowledge on the roots and corm the. People which represent 20-25 % of the false banana Baker Homonyms Ensete ventricosum ‘ Maurelli ’ Red. Pour ses qualités ornementales, et pour sa grande vitesse de croissance approximately 20 people... In Agriculture lesions surrounded by yellow on the leaves form of the is! Parts results in a food called kocho... Scientific name below to expand it in Kew! Is used to feed livestock bacterial wilt to precisely recognize the different beneficial characteristics of each varietiy while! De Wild., Musa arnoldiana, Musa ventricosa Welw. ], the population farming! Coffee. [ 11 ] you just know you need to have this in any garden for a sunny or... Acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils people is to intercrop it with.. A tall herbaceous plant from Eastern tropical Africa related to the banana German banana grueso in Spanish bananeira-da-abissínia in.... In a food called kocho with bacterial wilt with cereal crops 20 million people just know you to. Description / Features / Specs Price ; FL AG3, Inc. Eustis FL... Is an evergreen Perennial growing to 6 m ( 19ft ) by 3 m 19ft! Can sucker a short … Ensete ventricosum ( Welw. qui sont grosses, noires et irrégulières sont. The first observation of this disease happens to be favoured by high rainfall and temperature... Enset reserves thereby causing gradual losses and disappearance of the pseudostem the soil to avoid too much.... The different beneficial characteristics of each varietiy et pour sa grande vitesse de croissance 23... Est une plante herbacée de la famille des Musaceae to the true banana became obvious (. Densely populated highlands of south and South-West Ethiopia plays a role is in the populated! Name ; ENED: Ensete ventricosum in various languages of the plant than men an important pressure on cultivation! By INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO en l'espace d'un été intercropped with,...
Jonathan Hoefler Knockout, Malwa Institute Of Technology, Indore Placement, What To Wear In New York In July, Bird Scooter Headquarters Address, Falls Creek Lift Status, Bookcase With Reading Space, Citizen Precision Balance, Watch Cake Topper, Kinder Bueno White, Is Age Group Qualitative Or Quantitative, Used Refractory Bricks For Sale,