The U.S. alone has 11 species. CW holds up very well under stress. Cottonwood tree identification. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. I have asked around but most everybody thinks it’s a junk tree. Eastern cottonwood leaves are triangular (deltoid) with curved teeth along the edges. Importance of Eastern Cottonwood. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. Forum Responses The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. Pressboard tends to swell, distort, and decompose very rapidly and has no structural value. Some mammals also use Eastern Cottonwood as a food source. Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Male clones, which have none of the objectionable "cotton" associated with seed, are preferred. moving vans, floors, and walls. Fire scars may facilitate the onset of heartwood decay. Early Uses Timber: The wood of eastern cottonwood is light, soft, and weak. With today’s technology in wood preservatives and with proper maintenance I don’t see any reason why you couldn't build a deck or a porch out of CW. A mason jar; 1 part cottonwood buds; 3 parts high-proof alcohol; Directions. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Green Deane’s “Itemized” Plant Profile. The bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. It is found throughout the eastern United States and southern Canada. From contributor L: Some uses are red oak cabinets with cottonwood shelves and also framing lumber, sub floors, crates, boxes, paneling, and even caskets. Aigeiros Species: P. deltoides Binomial name Populus deltoides W.Bartram ex Marshall Native range Populus deltoides, the eastern cottonwood or necklace poplar, is a cottonwood poplar native to North America, growing throug… The western boundary is not well defined because eastern cottonwood intergrades with var. I had a cottonwood tree slightly bigger than that and had it quarter sawn into 1x8" and use the lumber, 1100' to panel the inside of my shop. Forming a prominent part of the natural ecosystem in the US and reaching over 100 feet tall when fully grown, cottonwoods are truly majestic trees that tend to be a real head-turner (or rather a neck- craner ). The Eastern Cottonwood is one of the largest North American hardwood trees. Its sap, which contains some sugar, is drinkable. Eastern cottonwood is slightly to nonresistant to heartwood decay . Its inner bark, buds, and capsules are all edible. CW has been used in bridge decking covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes. 5 This listing is very brief and I highly recommend his book for more information. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. People cultivate eastern cottonwood in ornamental purposes, as a windbreak, shade tree, as a source of food for the animals and as a firewood. It is in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Species Populus deltoides. I would like to know if this tree is worth sawing into boards or should I just roll it into the woods? The following are some brief extracts from Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany . It originates from North America. IDENTIFICATION: Eastern Cottonwood. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. Cottonwood has been used for windbreaks and soil stabilization. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales > Salicaceae > Populus deltoides deltoides Bartr. Although cottonwood trees are really attractive and add to the appeal of their surroundings, their immense size makes them unsuitable for small yards. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. However, only two cottonwoods have commercial importance: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), native from the Midwest to the Atlantic, and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), which grows in the valleys of the Pacific Northwest. The leaves are triangular shaped and have coarsely toothed edges. Cottonwood claims 25 species around the world, from the Himalayan Mountains to the plateaus of Chile. ), there isn’t enough sugar in the sap to feasibly tap this tree’s sap for its syrup or its sugar. The usable portion of the tree measures 31" in diameter x 27 feett x 24" in diameter. Cottonwood resists moisture much better then pressboard. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. Eastern cottonwood is deciduous tree that belongs to the poplar family. I used 2oz of cottonwood buds, but you can certainly make a larger batch. Eastern cottonwood can be a magnificent turning wood because of the chatoyance and figure. There has also been interest in growing it for inclusion in cattle feed, since it is a good source of cellulose relatively free of undesirable components, such as tannins. Deep planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils having available moisture beneath a dry surface layer. Here, pros discuss aspects of working with the wood. It is used principally for containers, interior parts of furniture, corestock in plywood, and high-grade pulp. Eastern cottonwood is also sometimes called southern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. Eastern cottonwood Foliage Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Malpighiales Family: Salicaceae Genus: Populus Section: Populus sect. Eastern cottonwood is pretty good, especially compared to the other cottonwoods. As they age, their thick limbs are prone to wood decay and can break during harsh storms. It's always a conversation topic. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. The importance of Eastern Cottonwood is high as its benefits are more and so are Eastern Cottonwood Facts.Every gardener must look for … Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Has a bitter aspirin taste. It can also be difficult to turn because of the silica content and tendency to tear out. Mature trees with thick bark may be only scarred or top-killed. From contributor D: The Eastern Cottonwood also had a few edible uses. I used 6oz of high-proof alcohol. This ranks as one of the lighter weight hardwoods in North America, along with aspen, basswood, butternut, and alder. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is one of the largest North American hardwood trees, although the wood is rather soft. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Eastern Cottonwood. Eastern cottonwood is the key species in the forest cover type Cottonwood (Society of American Foresters Type 63) and is an associate in the following types (6): Black Ash-American Elm-Red Maple (Type 39), Bur Oak (Type 42), River Birch- Sycamore (Type 61), Silver Maple-American Elm (Type 62), Sweetgum-Willow Oak (Type 92), Sycamore-Sweetgum-American Elm (Type 94), and Black Willow … The new growth is high in protein and minerals. There has been considerable interest in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability. Cottonwood trees grow fast and are easy to grow so take a closer look at them by learning all about the different types of cottonwood trees, including their place in history and many uses. As garden plants have benefits and other uses, allergy is also a major drawback of plants for some people. Next, pour the alcohol over the buds. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. I have just cut down an eastern cottonwood tree. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of Eastern cottonwood. Measure out the cottonwood buds you want to use and add them to the jar. Medicinal use of Eastern Cottonwood: The bark contains salicin, a glycoside that probably decomposes into salicylic acid (aspirin) in the body. Eastern cottonwood grows in the marshes, floodplains and near the lakes and rivers. Settlers used the logs to build stockades. Its buds and cottony tufts were used as chewing gum. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. The Fremont’s Cottonwood is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. 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