CELTIS occidentalis – Common Hackberry. ... versatile native American tree. This tree occurs in the wild from the US Mid-Atlantic in the east to Wyoming in the west up into Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba in the north. There are many species of hackberry found around the world, and several native to North America. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. It’s fairly fast-growing and can be rounded to vase-shaped in silhouette. For more information on the Urban Tree of the Year program, don’t hesitate to contact the Society of Municipal Arborists. Photo by Michelle Sutton. A species you can add to your repertoire of useful native trees. The Common Hackberry (Celtis Occidentalis) is a tough deciduous tree and can survive is very inclement conditions. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is one of our most common trees in Iowa. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates dryness. It doesn’t seem to mind either the hot, humid summers of Alabama and Georgia, nor the cold, snowy winters of Montreal or Toronto. Fact Sheet ST-141 November 1993 Celtis occidentalis‘Prairie Pride’ Figure 1. Northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) Return to our Trees of Canada resource here: ... Tree Canada is a registered charity. Habit: Upright, arching branches, rounded crown. Tough shade tree or street tree. It’s sometimes confused with the American elm (Ulmus americana) because of its similar growth habit and leaves, and indeed, it is often used as a substitute for that species where Dutch elm disease is a problem, but it’s readily told from its doppelganger by its very distinctive bark, smooth and grayish when young, light brown to pale gray at maturity, usually with distinct corky ridges as it ages. georgiana, Celtis occidentalis var. Because of its adaptability, it is a good tree for urban areas. Insignificant flowers appear in April and May, along with the leaves. Rounded Shape. ( Log Out /  Use Hackberry as a modern street tree planted 30 feet apart on center. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. It would be best to avoid planting hackberries where that problem is common. Insignificant flowers appear in April and May, along with the leaves. Hastings, MN 55033. And the birds carry the seeds from place to place, which explains the tree’s vast distribution. North Dakota tree handbook. Big specimens, with massive trunks and intriguing bark, are charming, but you have to wait a while for those. Seed fruit attracts birds & wildlife. In its natural range, it’s sometimes found in rocky, alkaline sites many other trees shun, although mostly in well-drained, fairly moist soils. Height: 40 - 55 feet. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. crassifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. The main symptom is clusters of twigs scattered throughout the tree crown. Customer Service: (847) 835-6801Main: (847) 835-5440Member: (847) 835-8215E-newsletter UpdatesGarden BlogPress RoomCreditsPrivacy Policy. APPROVED STREET TREE LIST JANUARY 8, 2020 . Hackberries have a thin, very sweet purple skin surrounding a crunchy shell with a tiny nut inside. In youth, Hackberry’s branching habit is very unruly, numerous branches with leaders everywhere! You don’t go “wow!” when you see one. Botanical Name: Celtis occidentalis; Common Name: Common Hackberry For 2020, the Urban Tree of the Year is the common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis). https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/celocc/all.html You can see a list of winners going back to 1996 here. Learn how your comment data is processed. . Since damage due to caterpillars is rarely important and you get to enjoy beautiful butterflies, this may be seen as more a plus than a minus! And of course, its small round fruits look nothing like elm’s winged seeds. Prepared by Pittsburgh Shade Tree Commission 1 . Hawthorn . The simple, alternate leaf of Celtis occidentalis, with three major veins originating at the asymetrical base, is very distinctive within the Wisconsin flora.The conspicuously ridged bark of mature trunks is also characteristic and terminal buds are often strongly angled to one side. Hackberry is a member of the elm family, but is a different genus. The common hackberry is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree, generally reaching 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m) in height and about the same in spread, with exceptional specimens approaching 100 feet (30 m) tall. Celtis occidentalis Hackberry Ornamental Bark Sparingly 'Magnifica' ALB Host Cercidiphyllum japonicum Katsura Tree Sparingly ALB Host ... New York City Approved Street Trees Scientific Name Common Name Visual interest Preferred Cultivars Notes Tree Species Shape Suggested Frequency of Planting l Each fall, members of the Society of Municipal Arborists (SMA) nominate and vote for the SMA Urban Tree of the Year. It has a handsome round-topped head and pendulous branches. For 2020, the Urban Tree of the Year is the common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis).Common Hackberry Distribution of common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis).Ill. I have tried the flesh around the drupe, and it is very good. The leaves have an uneven base, showing the hackberry's relation to elms. Its hardiness range is quite astounding: USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9 (AgCan zones 3 to 9). Species. Its b ranches ascend in a loosely pyramidal fashion, and the tree grows to 40 to 60 feet in height. Street: Appropriate for restricted size planting sites; recommended by the City of Chicago Urban Tree Planting ListPark/Residential: Appropriate for landscaped planting sites including public parks, residential property, golf courses, cemeteries, etc.Legacy: For plantings with an expected life span of more than 60 years; retained 50 percent or more climate suitability in models for the decade 2080N/R +35 yrs: Not recommended for plantings with an expected life span of more than 35 years. Despite its unappetizing name, hackberry bears sweet, edible berries that are popular with wildlife. Celtis australis, commonly known as Mediterranean hackberry, European hackberry or European nettle tree, is a medium to large deciduous tree that typically grows 40-70’ tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown.Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’). . APPROVED TREE SPECIES FOR PITTSBURGH’S STREETS. Moderate water needs once established. Hackberries are outstanding trees for wildlife and foragers. Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year. The berries (officially drupes) are green in summer, then turn orange-red to dark purple in the fall, often staying on the trees for several months. Phone: 651-438-2771. Trees of North America. A tree, native of North America, with an irregularly growing crown. © 2020 Chicago Botanic Garden. Young hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) used in extended road median in Poughkeepsie. Of course, for North Americans, its native status is a plus. Common Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, and transplants easily … Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Height: 40′ Spread: 30′ Zone: 2 One cultivar, ‘Prairie Pride’, is specifically recommended as being resistant to witches-broom and would make an interesting solution. Mature ‘Prairie Pride’ Common Hackberry. United States. Celtis occidentalis L.. Hackberry. Street Tree List. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Celtis occidentalis Common Hackberry. Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Description & Overview Common Hackberry is a large, Wisconsin native shade tree with a vase shape canopy. Think of the common hackberry instead as a workhorse tree: it grows robustly, adapts to just any about condition, even the toughest ones (although not severe drought) and will be moderately attractive all year long, but it just won’t knock your socks off. A huge specimen of common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis). Mature gray bark develops corky ri… Pick up yours at Cold Stream Farm today! Prune out the clusters of twigs when practical. It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). Undistinguished fall color. This cultivar is mostly resistant to witches' broom. Photo: chadwickarboretum.osu.edu. Noteworthy Characteristics. Mature Common Hackberry. Its branches ascend in a loosely pyramidal fashion, and the tree grows to 40 to 60 feet in height. Hackberries do sometimes suffer from greenish leaf galls, but if you follow the 15-pace rule (if you can’t see the problem at 15 paces, it’s not worth treating), they’re not much to worry about and rarely weaken the tree. Has Deciduous foliage. In the western part of its range, trees may still grow up to 29 m (95 ft). Most common on Celtis occidentalis. ( Log Out /  Every year, members of the Society of Municipal Arborists (SMA) nominate and vote for the SMA Urban Tree of the Year. Hackberry has characteristic wart-like bark and dark-red to purple fruits, lending itself well to bird-centric landscapes. And it’s long-lived: many specimens attain the ripe old age of 150 years; some many more. The common hackberry is a medium-sized tree, 9 to 15 metres (30 to 50 ft) in height, with a slender trunk. ... Celtis occidentalis L. var. Fax: 651-438-3816. Plant Type: Deciduous, broadleaf, large tree. Edited by Susan M. Fraser and Sally Armstrong Leone. Let me be brutally honest: the common hackberry is not a particularly showy tree. They turn light yellow in the fall. They are edible, rich in protein and somewhat sweet, attracting birds like robins. Change ). Mistletoe is an effective colonizer of hackberry, which can kill a tree over a period of time. Bright fruit, which starts yellow, changes to red-orange and matures to a deep purple-black, and ripens in September and October, much to the delight of wildlife. Large Trees - 50'+ ♦ American Linden Tilia americana ♦ Black Walnut Juglans nigra ♦ Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa ♦ Hackberry Celtis occidentalis. This tradition dates to 1996 when ‘Princeton Sentry’ ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ‘Princeton Sentry’) was crowned. Native. Fact Sheet ST-140 November 1993 Celtis occidentalis Figure 1. Measure from the center of one tree to the center of the next. Photo by Michelle Sutton. yes, a workhorse. Witches' broom is caused by a mite and powdery mildew. Produces small sweet fruit. A tough urban tree, this native woodland tree is best recognized by its corky, warty bark and by its sharply toothed leaves, which are often covered with bumpy insect galls. Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. integrifolia, Celtis ... commonly used as a street tree because of its ability to withstand drought and tolerate urban environments. Habitat: Found on … tenuifolia, Celtis occidentalis var. The flowers are nondescript, the leaves are—well—ordinary and the berries, too small to be striking. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Tough and sturdy, Celtis occidentalis (Common Hackberry) is a medium to large deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, developing an open, spreading crown with age. The leaves may be uniformly coated or only in patches. 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