1919. Benson – netleaf hackberry Subordinate Taxa. Trees, to 30 m; trunks to 1 m diam., crowns broad, spreading. The fruits are approximately 1/4" in diameter and have a sweet taste, hence the common name and attractiveness to the birds. Introduction. An extreme example of wartiness! Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. These fruits can stay on the tree for several months at the time. The Sugarberry was struggling with two Black Cherries for one spot, and winning. The bark is … suppl: 67. The medium-textured, light green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and can be showy in some years. Nov 28, 2020. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Sugarberry (early July 2020) Sugarberry leaf detail from May 2020. Susceptible to Beetle Leaves and Scales, Mistletoe, Armillaria and Root Rot. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata. 40. 1992. The leaves are alternated, simple, and slightly serrate. Interpreting Wetland Status. Leaves have a longer, slenderer tip than Celtis occidentalis. 1995-2020. Another species in this genus that is found in Illinois, Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry), is a medium-sized tree that has more narrow leaves (lanceolate in shape) and smaller drupes (about ¼" across) than Common Hackberry. Fruit is a round drupe, 5-7 mm. The sugarberry grows on stream banks, river bottoms, and moist alluvial flats of clay and silt loam. Giannasi. Open-grown sugarberry commonly reaches 50 to 70 feet in height w… This time there was no canal. This species is also found in the northeastern areas of … Bark light gray, smooth or covered with corky warts. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Celtis laevigata Willd. The similar Common Hackberry (C. occidentalis) and Dwarf Hackberry (C. tenuifolia) also occur in North Carolina, but are less common. Cite this tree: SelecTree. The range of Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry). Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. They look almost identical and for our purposes will be considered the same plant. The cultivar is cutting propagated. Celtis laevigata, commonly called sugarberry, sugar hackberry or southern hackberry, is basically a southern version of common or northern hackberry (see C. occidentalis). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. Large tree in winter (same tree as in photo above). long, tips are long-acuminate, usually falcate, broad-cuneate or rounded at base, margins are entire or slightly toothed, mostly above the middle, petioles 6-10 mm. United States. Biota of North America Program (BONAP). The grey-brown to silvery bark has some warty projections or corky ridges, making it attractive in wintertime. leaves than Celtis laevigata. The last time I found a stand out of place they were growing near an irrigation canal. Celtis laevigata. Available at: http://www.georgiaherbaria.org/. Title The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Give them some protection from the cold for their first winter outdoors. send Richard an E-mail. This very large, broad, fast growing deciduous North American native tree has a rounded vase crown with spreading, pendulous branches. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. A pouch or gall forms on the lower leaf surface in response to feeding. The leaves of seedlings often have a lot of white patches without chlorophyll, this is normal and older plants produce normal green leaves. Pl. Celtis Laevigata. Attracts Birds. As members of the Elm family (Ulmaceae), they have broad, arching branches that form a vase-like shape, but they do not suffer from as many diseases as other elms. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Sugarberries — Celtis laevigata (SELL-tiss lee-vih-GAY-tuh )– like moisture. This individual could be a hybrid. Its leaves were smooth above, but appear intermediate between C. laevigata and C. occidentalis. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. The leaves are 2-4 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. NC State fact sheet Differences are so small as to only be of concern to some biologist. Glossy to dull green leaves (2 to 5 inches long) have mostly uneven leaf bases and are coarsely toothed from midleaf to tip. Margins of leaves subtending fruits entire or 1-2 0.5-1mm teeth on one side, per Weakley's Flora (2015). The leaf bases of the other species are often cordate, while those of C. laevigataare usually cuneate or rounded. North American Plant Atlas. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina, Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Rosales>Cannabaceae>Celtis laevigata Willdenow. These have broader, coarsely toothed leaves that are usually sandpapery above. The bark is far less warty than Celtis occidentalis. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. long, tips are long-acuminate, usually falcate, broad-cuneate or rounded at base, margins are entire or slightly toothed, mostly above the middle, petioles 6-10 mm. Branches without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, then glabrous. The grey-brown to silvery bark has some warty projections or corky ridges, making it attractive in wintertime. Publication Author Huxley. Leaf margins are mostly untoothed, but a few (rarely many) small teeth may be present. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. More typical C. laevigata leaves, covered with galls as they often are. Zomlefer, W.B., J.R. Carter, & D.E. The Atlas of Georgia Plants. More information: The fruits are greatly enjoyed by birds. The bark is smooth and gray with scattered bumps or “warts.” Branches may be weak, especially in moist sites where the tree has grown rapidly. across orange-red or finally purple-black, on slender stalks 1-2 cm. This tree is usually found in bottomland forests but sometimes upland in calcareous soils. long. smallii (Beadle ... Leaves are usually lanceolate, ovate or oval shaped, and often curve to one side. smallii : Celtis laevigata Willdenow, var. I planted this tiny seedling on July 21st 2016. Weakley, Alan S., Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, Working Draft of 21 May 2015. Keith Bradley kab_c_laevigata_79384 September Miami-Dade County FL Leaf tip attenuate and long-acute to long-acuminate, base cuneate to rounded, per Weakley's Flora. Desirable Wildlife Plant. It is usually found in poorly drained clay, silty clay or occasionally loamy flats but not in permanent swamps. Fruit is a round drupe, 5-7 mm. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. smallii (Beadle) Sargent, Bot. IDENTIFICATION: Leaves alternate along the stem, medium to dark green, 2 to 4″ twice as long as wide, oval, serrated only on upper half of leaf, asymmetrical (lop-sided) three prominent veins, leaf spots and galls common, wigs zig-zaggy. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and … The fruits are edible and sweetish — the taste is similar to that of dates — but the stone is large and covered by only a thin layer of flesh. Southern hackberry, hackberry, sugarberry. It produces small fruits that turn orange-red to dark purple in the autumn, often staying on the trees for several months. Habitat information from: The medium-textured, light green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and can be showy in some years. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata. Propagation of the species is by seed. "Celtis laevigata Tree Record." Wildlife use Fruit. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. Leaves have a longer, more slender tip than Celtis occidentalis. Grow the seedlings on in a cold frame for their first winter, and plant them out in the following late spring or early summer. 1814. The leaves have an oblique base and may be completely entire or have only the lower 1/3 of the leaf blade free of serrations. Leaves are 3x longer than broad. var. Synonyms. Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees, upland calcareous forests and woodlands, shell middens. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast Sugarberry is a common large overstory tree of bottomland forests, but also occurs in drier areas over calcareous rock (with relatively high pH soil). The hackberry has simple, alternate, pointed, finely toothed leaves. 2015. Sugarberry, palo blanco Celtis laevigata var . Leaves turn yellow in the fall. Sugarberry Celtis laevigata. University of Georgia Herbarium (Athens, Georgia) and Valdosta State University Herbarium (Valdosta, Georgia). Celtis laevigata. It may be easiest to spot in winter, since there are fewer leaves to distract from Hackberry’s distinctive outerwear. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. A smaller tree than the type, with sharply toothed leaves, found in the S.E. 2014 (and ongoing). This plant has no children Legal Status. … Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), commonly called southern hackberry in the southern US, is a medium- to large-sized native tree found along floodplains and rivers in the Southeast.In some areas, sugarberry can be found in parks, yards, and along fences and streets. 2015. across orange-red or finally purple-black, on slender stalks 1-2 cm. The common hackberry is easily confused with the sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and is … Three species of butterflies feed on the leaves as larvae: Hackberry Emperor, Tawny Emperor, and American Snout. A. The leaves are normally easily identified by their elongate, almost triangular shape with uneven bases with three prominent veins and usually few teeth. reticulata (Torr.) Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate, 5-10 cm. Intermediate trees, which may be hybrids, are not rare, which may explain why these species were formerly lumped as varieties of C. occidentalis. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Hackberry nipple gall is common and while it disfigures the leaves it does not hurt these trees. The fruits are drupes, with a large seed encased in a hardened endocarp and surrounded by fleshy mesocarp. The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. It is not planted widely in our area but it is an attractive shade tree. Tag Archives: Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Butterflies and Birds. The similar Common Hackberry (C. occidentalis)and Dwarf Hackberry (C. tenuifolia)also occur in North Carolina, but are less common. Sugarberry is one of the earlier tree species to leaf out. Gaz. Publisher MacMillan Press Year 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5 Description Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. The Georgia range of Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry). Sugarberries & Hackberries by DEANE. The leaf bases of the other species are often cordate, while those of C. laevigata are usually cuneate or rounded. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Fall color is an undistinguished yellow. Celtis laevigata (Laura Plantation, LA) sugarberry This is a medium-sized deciduous tree to about fifty feet tall. Celtis L. (Cannabaceae) ... leaves glabrous or nearly so (except the margins often ciliate); [large trees, mostly of floodplains, but also in upland situations over calcareous substrates such as limestone, dolostone, and shell middens]... C. laevigata (Southern hackberry) 1. Leaves are oblong-lanceolate, sometimes ovate, 5-10 cm. – sugarberry Variety: Celtis laevigata Willd. They are known as fast growers, gaining up to 24 inches a year in height. Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a tree whose ridged, warty bark makes it easy to recognize in any season. Celtis laevigata (Sugarberry) - Sugarberry or Southern Hackberry is a large tree, to 30 m. in height; the bark is light gray and from slightly to prominently covered with corky warts. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. Synonyms Celtis laevigata var. Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). Root Damage Potential Rated as High. You’ll often find a stand of them near rivers. (http://bonap.net/napa). Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns. There is an example at Kew measuring 45 × 4 {1/2} ft (1967). Its leaves have margins that are smooth or they have only a few teeth, while the leaf margins of Common Hackberry are serrated with abundant teeth. The lance-shaped leaves gradually taper to a point that is often curved. They are pale green on both the upper and lower surfaces with conspicuous veins. long. The leaves are oval to lance-shaped, resembling those of an elm but more pointed. Web Page © Richard Ware Bark of a medium-sized tree. L.D. Benson. Pests The most common insect on Hackberry causes the Hackberry nipple gall, but this is not much of a problem on this tree. These have broader, coarsely toothed leaves that are usually sandpapery above. Chapel Hill, N.C. [maps generated from Kartesz, J.T. Their main difference is that the common hackberry has wider, coarser leaves than the sugarberry. It may occur in pure stands but usually occurs as an occasional tree in association with many other hardwood species, primarily sweetgum, pecan, green ash, elms, overcup oak, water oak, and honeylocust. Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry Alternate, simple and lanceolate to narrow ovate in shape, the 3-4" deciduous leaves are generally smoother and glossier than those of Celtis occidentalis. Ripening fruits. Leaves: petiole 6-10 mm. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. Guide to the Trees of North Georgia and Adjacent States Celtis laevigata can be very cold-hardy when growing in hot summer areas, able to tolerate winter temperatures falling to at least -20°c[200. These trees are similar in many ways. Wetland Status. Leaves bear 3 prominent veins that branch from the base of the leaf blade. Celtis laevigata Willd. (in press)]. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Celtis laevigata var. Floristic Synthesis of North America, Version 1.0. 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