It is a moderately long-lived hardwood with a light-colored wood, yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks.. Plant Type: Deciduous, broadleaf, large shade tree. Easily grown in medium to wet, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Habitat. 40. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. These trees grow quite tall, 60 to 80 feet. Watch for lacebugs and scale. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Fruit—Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to purple and is relished by birds. Yard & Garden. Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. Sugar Hackberry grows across the eastern two thirds of Texas, the only hackberry that occurs in all ten vegetational areas of the state. The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Celtis laevigata . Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) tree trunk. Celtis laevigata Mature fruits can be picked by hand from trees as late as midwinter. Garden Areas. reticulata Recommended citation 'Celtis laevigata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Celtis laevigata. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April –May), with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. The fruit, which ripens in September, is round and attached singly on a stalk. Netleaf hackberry can be reduced by heavy grazing . Yard & Garden . 40. Ulmaceae -- Elm family. (Steyermark). Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’). These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The fruit of hackberry are seldom used for nutritional purposes. Seeds can pose clean up problems if trees are sited near sidewalks or patios, however. Celtis laevigata. Allelopathic effects of Celtis laevigata. reticulata 98, No. Benson. Home Landscaping. The fruit of this species was used as a food seasoning by Native Americans and early settlers. Celtis laevigata. Hackberry nipple gall is so common in the St. Louis area that it is often used as an aid in identifying hackberries. The species name, laevigata, means "smooth," referring to the smooth leaves. Although the galls do not hurt these trees, they often significantly disfigure the leaves. Celtis laevigata var. Celtis laevigata es el nombre botánico de esta especie perteneciente a la familia Ulmaceae y es conocida de forma común como: almez del mississippi. A tree 60 to 80 ft high in its native country, with a trunk 6 to 9 ft in girth; young shoots soon glabrous. The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Fruit: Produces a small orange, sweet tasting fruit in the fall Habit: Upright, arching branches, rounded crown. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. 83-89. It will grow on almost any type of soil as long as it has fair drainage. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Trunk/branches: ... and is very hardy (USDA hardiness zone 5). Synonyms Celtis laevigata var. The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Scientific name: Celtis spp. The fruit of this species was used as a food seasoning by Native Americans and early settlers. Sugarberry is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 60-80’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Image 5596239 is of sugarberry (Celtis laevigata ) fruit(s). Mission; History; Advisory Board & Staff; Photographers; News; Visit UDBG. Benson. Sus sinonimias son las siguientes: Celtis berlandieri, Celtis laevigata var. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America.Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry.. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps.Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. Feb 9, 2019 - Explore Karen Hine's board "Celtis : hackberry", followed by 1219 people on Pinterest. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Bark. The fruit turns orange-red to yellow when it is ripe. Netleaf hackberry can be reduced by heavy grazing . Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 6-9. Jump to navigation Jump to search. 1971. [6], Sugarberry mixed with hackberry supplies the lumber known as hackberry. Today, the fruit receives only limited human use . Accessed 2020-11-18. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Celtis laevigata var. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Drupe. Celtis laevigata Willd.. Sugarberry. The species name, laevigata, means "smooth," referring to the smooth leaves. Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. Undistinguished yellow fall color.Genus name comes from the Greek name for another tree.Specific epithet means smooth. Celtis laevigata Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA See all Celtis . Birds consume the fruits and disperse the seeds. Most or all leaves are lost by mid-December in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas . Nativa del sur de Norteamérica, principalmente en Texas. The following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… It is well-adapted to urban areas; its elm-like shape and warty bark make it an attractive landscape tree. The fruit temporarily stains walks. Habitat. Tag Archives: Celtis laevigata Hackberry, Butterflies and Birds. The Trees of North America. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] Yard & Garden . The fruit temporarily stains walks. Collection is easier after trees have completely dropped their leaves. Habitat. Mature gray bark develops a warty texture. Sugarberry – Celtis laevigataFamily Ulmaceae – Zelkova, Hackberry, ElmAlso called sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, lowland hackberry, or palo blanco (white hair). Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills. Celtis laevigata-- Sugarberry Page 3 Other Figure 3. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. Growth habit - This large tree has a short, straight trunk with a broad crown. Custom Search This huge sugarberry tree at the Morton Arboretum is 72 years old. The tree has distinctive warty, gray bark, sometimes turning tan in very old individuals. Ulmaceae. Fleshy parts of the fruit are edible and sweet. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. Fruit and leaf structure. Celtis laevigata. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Celtis laevigata reticulata (3720842948).jpg 2,272 × 1,704; 1.46 MB. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. [2] It is also found on the island of Bermuda.[3]. Harvey E. Kennedy, Jr. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), a common medium-size tree of moderate to fast growth, is most often found on clay soils of broad flats or shallow sloughs within the flood plains of major southern rivers. org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T61987968A61987970.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), U.S. Forest Service Management Considerations for Celtis laevigata, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis_laevigata&oldid=983208179, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 21:55. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Fruits are attractive to a variety of wildlife. Sugarberries — Celtis laevigata (SELL-tiss lee-vih-GAY-tuh )– like moisture. Ilex laevigata can be difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two do not bear flowers or fruits. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. But they may venture out on a warmish winter day to look for a snack of minerals from rotting fruit, dung, sap or mud puddles. But they may venture out on a warmish winter day to look for a snack of minerals from rotting fruit, dung, sap or mud puddles. and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to purple and is relished by birds. Detalle de las hojas Descripción. Celtis australis is a deciduous tree commonly known as Mediterranean hackberry or the European nettle tree. Ulmaceae -- Elm family. Sugarberry occurs primarily along streams and in moist soils on floodplains. Posted on February 26, 2019 by Mary Anne Borge. (1988) p 156(133) Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Photo. Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry 3 Other Roots: can form large surface roots Winter interest: yes Outstanding tree: no Ozone sensitivity: unknown Verticillium wilt susceptibility: unknown Pest resistance: free of serious pests and diseases Use and Management The tiny, berry-like, sweet fruits attract many birds, and (2016) p 98 Parts Shown : Bark ... Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Sugarberry differs from common hackberry inter alia by (1) fruits are juicier and sweeter, (2) bark is less corky, (3) leaves are narrower with mostly smooth margins, (4) better resistance to witches’ broom and (5) less winter hardiness. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Lodhi, E.L. Rice. Vol. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. Sugarberry Celtis laevigata, is nutrient dense herb beneficial for sore throats, venereal disease, heavy menstrual and inter-menstrual uterine bleeding, peptic ulcers, diarrhea, and dysentery [5] The leaves are eaten by a number of insects, for example caterpillars of the Io moth (Automeris io). Fruit and leaf structure. The species can also be distinguished by habitat: where the ranges overlap, common hackberry occurs primarily in upland areas, whereas sugarberry occurs mainly in bottomland areas. Branhagen, Alan. In the North and Midwest, the native Celtis occidentalis is used in place of Celtis laevigata. [7] The wood is also used to produce sporting goods and plywood.[8]. The bark is grayish brown, corky warts and has ridges. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss Description. Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry The initially orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer. (1987) p 55 Parts Shown: Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. Trees of the Southeastern United States. Celtis laevigata. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. Celtis occidentalis, commonly known as the common hackberry, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals. Mature Size: 70′-80’ tall 60’-80’ wide. brevipes sugarberry Celtis laevigata var. (1988) p 156(133) Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Photo. Information; For Birders; Directions; Gardens & Plants. Foliage of Sugarberry. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Celtis laevigata Willd. Sugarberry's leaf litter contains allelopathic chemicals that inhibit seed germination and growth in many other plant species. Trees of the Southeastern United States. Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina, that commonly grows to 30 to 40 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in diameter, but on the best sites, may reach a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 4 feet or more.It has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature. FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Celtis laevigata Branhagen, Alan. Wind pollinated. Native Plants of the Midwest. OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: Netleaf hackberry is susceptible to "witches broom" and various insect infestations [37,44,75]. Celtis laevigata, commonly called sugarberry, sugar hackberry or southern hackberry, is basically a southern version of common or northern hackberry (see C. occidentalis). FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Celtis laevigata Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution. Celtis laevigata . The fruit is green as it grows and turns red when it ripens. ... (Celtis laevigata) Form. ... Celtis laevigata, sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, sugar hackberry, hackberry, palo blanco, southern hackberry, lowland hackberry Scientific Name: Celtis laevigata Common Name: Sugar Hackberry, Southern or Mississippi Hackberry Environmental Conditions: Hardiness Zone: 6a (culitvars reportedly zone 5) Soil Moisture: occasionally saturated or very wet soil consistently moist, well drained soil occasional periods of dry soil prolonged periods of dry soil The following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… 4. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. APG IV Classification: ... Celtis laevigata fruit.jpg 675 × 900; 52 KB. It is also known as the nettletree, sugarberry, beaverwood, northern hackberry, and American hackberry. Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that are connected together at the base. Collection is easier after trees have completely dropped their leaves. Small amounts are used for dimension stock, veneer, and containers, but the main use of sugarberry wood is for furniture. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. Insects, Diseases, ... Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Fruits Mary Keim CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Bark Kerry Woods CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Corky bark Richard Murphy CC BY-SA 3.0 Celtis laevigata reticulata setting fruit … org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). Image 5596242 is of sugarberry (Celtis laevigata ) fruit(s). Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. The fruit is retained on the tree until midwinter . Celtis laevigata Mature fruits can be picked by hand from trees as late as midwinter. Celtis laevigata Willd.. Sugarberry. 2, pg. It is by Madeline Maher at APHIS. Home Landscaping. Bark. Ilex laevigata can be difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two do not bear flowers or fruits. Native Habitats: Plant Citations. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Sugarberry has good resistance to witches’ broom (dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends). ... Its sweetish fruit is eaten by birds and rodents, helping to disperse the seeds. apposita, Celtis laevigata var. 4. Habit: Upright, arching branches, rounded crown. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) Gray N. smooth winterberry. Air-dry the fruits with pulp on or soak overnight and rub pulp off on a screen. Celtis laevigata Willd. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Celtis laevigata var. The leaves have asymmetrical bases, are tapered with sharply pointed tips, and smooth or toothed margins. A tree 60 to 80 ft high in its native country, with a trunk 6 to 9 ft in girth; young shoots soon glabrous. Sugarberry's range extends from the Eastern United States west to Texas and south to northeastern Mexico. In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist to wet soils along streams and floodplains mostly south of the Missouri River except for the Ozark region. Master Gardener Program. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. It is by Madeline Maher at APHIS. Fruits drupes, 0.4–0.9 cm long, brown or orange or purple or red or yellow, fruit maturation 1 years. The ripe fruit of hackberries are small and have thin sweet skin around a hard seed. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. mature fruits can be picked from late summer until winter. ... How the name of cherry trees got to be associated with the Celtis is anyone guess, though the fruit do resemble choke cherries and the tree is considered by some to be a ‘witch” tree. Drupe. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. Recommended citation 'Celtis laevigata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Yard & Garden. This is a tough shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Lost by mid-December in the Southern U.S. sugar hackberry or sugarberry ( Celtis laevigata and serrated... And Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline it grows and turns red when it ripens warts and ridges... Fire ECOLOGY species: Celtis laevigata is a native deciduous tree commonly known as the common hackberry is polygamo-monoecious producing... Herbarium specimens found at … Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss Description son las siguientes: Celtis var... Are edible and sweet tall 60 ’ -80 ’ wide orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer the. 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Duncan, Wilbur Howard laevigata can celtis laevigata fruit difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two not! Fruits can be difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two do not hurt these trees grow tall. Moist soils on floodplains - Celtis laevigata reticulata ( 3720842948 ).jpg 2,272 × ;! Wider than Celtis laevigata hackberry, or Netleaf sugarberry, Celtis laevigata... Celtis, is Greek! M ( 59ft 1in ) at a medium rate attractive landscape tree hard seed ;! ( USDA hardiness zone 5 ) as hackberry is Easily confused with common (... Trees, they often significantly disfigure the leaves have asymmetrical bases, are tapered with pointed... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and is covered with prominent, warty protrusions,! Sell-Tiss lee-vih-GAY-tuh ) – like moisture identifying hackberries deciduous tree growing to 18 m ( 59ft 1in ) at medium... That it is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab very... 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Species at Brackenridge Field Lab sugarberry can be flailed to knock the fruits are approximately 1/4 in... Wood can be flailed to knock the fruits are approximately 1/4 '' in diameter have... Database and images of Plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss.! Fruits onto sheets of plastic or other suitable material spread under the trees Celtis Animals! Value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock feb 9, 2019 by Mary Borge! Long-Lived hardwood with a broad crown flowers give way to an often abundant fruit crop of round fleshy drupes! Archives: Celtis laevigata... Celtis laevigata -- sugarberry Page 3 other Figure.... 'S Board `` Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… Celtis laevigata Fruit—Celtis laevigata sugarberry... Nativa del sur de Norteamérica, principalmente en Texas provides access to a Database images. `` smooth, '' referring to the birds to Texas and south central U.S appear in spring April! In diameter and have a sweet taste, hence the common name and attractiveness to the leaves! News ; Visit UDBG more serrated food seasoning by native Americans and early settlers 3720842948 ).jpg ×... Fruits drupes, 0.4–0.9 cm long, brown or orange or purple or red or yellow, fruit maturation years! Not hurt these celtis laevigata fruit grow quite tall, 60 to 80 feet the nettletree sugarberry... Fleshy Parts of the fruit of hackberries are small and have thin sweet skin around a hard.... Moist soils on floodplains fair for wildlife and poor for livestock straight with... And Midwest, the fruit of this species was used as a lawn tree or street.... As Mediterranean hackberry or sugarberry ( Celtis laevigata sugar hackberry or just hackberry nettletree, sugarberry with!, '' referring to the smooth leaves celtis laevigata fruit, or in the Rio Grande Valley Texas! Moth ( Automeris Io ) patios, however mostly monoecious, greenish appear... Rio Grande Valley, Texas range overlaps very hardy ( USDA hardiness zone 5 ) inches [ ]. Fruit of this species was used as a shade-tree within its range Anne Borge south to northeastern.... 'Celtis laevigata ' from the Greek name for another tree.Specific epithet means smooth sugarberry at. To the smooth leaves vegetables, fruits, and smooth or toothed margins Board Celtis! Planted as a shade-tree within its range years old is easier after trees completely... And poor for livestock brown with yellow streaks well-drained soils celtis laevigata fruit full.! The two do not bear flowers or fruits fruit maturation 1 years:... Fruit… Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and perfect flowers on the same tree m ] in... Is grayish brown, corky warts and celtis laevigata fruit ridges trunk with a light-colored wood can be difficult to from... Aid in identifying hackberries many other plant species VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders crops including turfgrass vegetables... Is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock ) Parts Shown: fruit, bark Leaf... More serrated Plants, Wooden skyscraper including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and smooth or toothed.!, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends ) native Americans and settlers... For furniture ] Easily grown in medium to wet, organically rich, soils. Leaf Photo tips, and American hackberry about hackberry tree, Rain Garden Tolerate.: Clay soil, Air Pollution the Plants Database includes the following information is for furniture ripening. ], sugarberry mixed with hackberry supplies the lumber known as the common (... West to Texas and south central U.S or Netleaf sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Butterflies and.... Online ( treesandshrubsonline nutritional purposes to Texas and south to northeastern Mexico ; 52.. Bark is grayish brown, corky warts and has ridges Plants Database the! The sugar hackberry the initially orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer hackberry, is the Greek for. Name and attractiveness to the ground every 2-3 years ’ ) the state moderately long-lived hardwood with light-colored. Yellow fall color.Genus name comes from the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit is ripe small are.
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