Remove the "2-in-1" water tank by grasping the handle and pulling it from the cleaner's base. The Bissell Proheat Pet Upright Deep Cleaner is designed to eliminate all traces of pet stains and messes ranging from dirt brought in on their paws to accidents they may have in the corner of your rooms. I have bleed the system and checked for blockage nill. Weighing 19.75 pounds, the Bissell Proheat Essential is one of the more lightweight carpet cleaners available. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner, 1986, with Antibacterial Formula and Bonus 3" Tough Stain Tool 4.7 out of 5 stars 8,291. Press the power button to turn on and use the recline pedal to recline your machine. Unlike traditional vacuums, the ProHeat can penetrate carpet fibers with water and steam, removing stains and odors left behind by pets, spills and other accidents. Over time, pet accidents, spills and heavy traffic leave dirt on your carpets that vacuuming alone just won't fix. An Overview of Bissell ProHeat 2x Revolution . You can also wash it using running tap water using the dark valve from inside the dirty tank. If your cleaner loses suction, confirm that the nozzle placement is firmly clicked into place and look for blockages in the hose, attachments or water tank filter. Bissell ProHeat 2x Revolution is a model of a carpet vacuum cleaner, which, other than cleaning your carpet and furniture of normal dirt and dust, is made for eliminating all the pet dirt, hair and bacteria that comes with keeping pets such as rabbits, cats, and dogs. Spot cleaning stains is easy with the included ready-to-use hose and tools. The Spruce / Camryn Rabideau Design: Carefully considered features. The system includes CleanShot® pre-treater to remove spots and stains; the 2-in-1 Pet Upholstery Tool to remove pet hair, stains, and odors from upholstery; and an EZ Clean Brush Roll Cover to make maintenance of the machine easy. Allow to penetrate for at least 3 minutes. We’ve adapted our bestselling ProHeat 2X Revolution Pro, to create the perfect carpet cleaner for pet owners - with the ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro, you get the same powerful performance, but with added features designed with pet owners in mind. 2 years is about right. Examine the tag on the upholstery. Bissell ProHeat 2x Revolution is a model of a carpet vacuum cleaner, which, other than cleaning your carpet and furniture of normal dirt and dust, is made for eliminating all the pet dirt, hair and bacteria that comes with keeping pets such as rabbits, cats, and dogs. To clean the hose on your ProHeat, fill a sink with light soapy water, plug in and turn on your cleaner, suck up some of the sink water with the hose, then follow with clean water. a. Spray the BISSELL Stain PreTreat formula onto heavy traffic areas, soiled areas, or stains. Powerful brushes combined with heat technology and powerful suction reach deep into carpet fibres to pull out dirt and stains. Packing in 12 rows of rotating Dual DirtLifter PowerBrushes, it delivers professional grade cleaning … c. Use the ProHeat Pet machine on the high traffic setting. SmartMix® The SmartMix ® feature automatically mixes hot tap water with the BISSELL Advanced cleaning formula. How do you clean a Bissell carpet cleaner after use? c. Use the ProHeat Pet machine on the high traffic setting. The ability to quickly erase your pets messes the first time is finally here! Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner. 5-year limited stain warranty, you do not need to hire a professional. Each model has a hose attachment to clean areas such as upholstery, stairs and curtains. To dry the hose, hold the hose parallel to your body and lift upward to force the water to drain into the water collection portion of the "2-in-1" water tank. In this method of cleaning, pressurized hot water and carpet cleaner are applied to the carpet while the dirty water and cleaner are simultaneously suctioned back into the machine. Whether used in a home, office, vehicle or other location, the Bissell ProHeat upright carpet steam cleaner deep cleans nearly any carpet type. Unplug it from the electrical socket and return the power cord to its holders. Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner, 1986, with Antibacterial Formula and Bonus 3" Tough Stain Tool 4.7 out of 5 stars 8,291 $269.99 $ 269 . Deep cleaning doesn't have to be a chore. With the lightweight, maneuverable BISSELL® ProHeat 2X® Revolution™ Pet Pro, you get professional results, and your carpets will be dry in about an hour!. Avoid using the Bissell carpet cleaner on velvet or silk. This manual is available in the following languages: English. Lightweight Design – Less than 20 pounds; One gallon capacity tank – Fewer trips to the sink … #5 Review of Hoover Power Scrub Deluxe #FH50150. BISSELL Turboclean Powerbrush Pet Upright Carpet Cleaner Machine and Carpet Shampooer, 2085 The Bissell’s appearance resembles the body of a Transformer with a mix of … Always use genuine BISSELL deep cleaning formulas. Access the filter by removing the flow indicator cap on the base of the machine. How to Use a BISSELL Carpet Cleaner – Page 10: Operations If one of the tanks are empty, the machine will not spray. Your browser either does not have JavaScript enabled or does not appear to support enough features of JavaScript to be used well on this site. This is a review of the Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro. Cleaning your Bissell carpet cleaner regularly will help keep it running smoothly. The system includes clean shot pretreated to remove spots and stains; the 2-in-1 pet upholstery tool to remove pet hair, stains, and odors from upholstery; a Trial size of Bissell professional pet urine Eliminator + Oxy; and an EZ clean brush roll cover to make maintenance of the machine easy. The unit includes a built-in hot water heater to increase the cleaning results, as well as 12 rows of brushes, microbial protection and a 12-amp motor. BISSELL proudly supports BISSELL Pet Foundation and its mission to help save homeless pets. An Overview of Bissell ProHeat 2x Revolution . Rinse the dirty water tank after every use. Engineered to be our best and most powerful carpet cleaning system for the toughest pet stains and odors even removes skunk … Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner. Non-BISSELL cleaning Everything we know about floor care went into the design and construction of this complete, high-tech home cleaning system. Use a microfiber cloth or soft-bristled brush and/or a mild detergent approved for your machine to wipe away any dirty residue in the lint screen, inside the bottom portion, and outside and around the "heavy duty bladder." Every Purchase Saves Pets. Line the hooks on the nozzle with the slots on the front, attach and then click into place. Carpet cleaning made easy. If the manufacturer's tag has "W" or "WS" written on it, proceed with using the Bissell to clean. ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro. View the manual for the Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro here, for free. View the manual for the Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro here, for free. You'll al… Page 8: Before You Clean 2. unscrew the black cap and remove bottle insert. How do you put water in a Bissell carpet cleaner? Cleaning Nozzle & Brush | How to Videos | ProHeat 2X® Revolution® Pet Pro, Contact us and we'll help you get what you need, Sign up and save 10% off your first Bissell.com purchase, https://www.bissell.com/proheat-2x-revolution-pet-pro-carpet-cleaner-1986/cleaning-nozzle-brush-how-to-videos-proheat-2x-revolution-pet-pro, To clean the nozzle, start by turning off and unplugging the machine, To remove the nozzle, pull up on the accessory hose door located on the top of the foot, To remove the brushroll cover, press the two release buttons and lift straight up, You can rinse the nozzle under water and insert the nozzle clean-out tool to free up any hair or debris, Now rinse the brushroll cover and set it aside to dry, With the comb end of the nozzle clean-out tool brush out any debris or hair from the brush rolls, When the brushroll is clean and your nozzle and brush cover are dry put the brush roll cover correctly into place by pushing it straight down until you hear a click from both push buttons, Now you can put the clean nozzle back into place, Line up the nozzle with the edge near the floor and rotate it back to snap it into place, Now your Revolution Pet Pro should be correctly assembled and ready to tackle your next cleaning challenge. Pet stains, dirt and odours don’t stand a chance with the Bissell Proheat2x® Revolution Pet Carpet & Upholstery Deep Cleaner. You have the power to give carpets a thorough clean, even when your furry friends have done their worst. Fill a bowl with clean water. Lift out the filter and rinse all parts, using tap water, before returning it back to the machine. If the tag says "X," "S," or "Dry Clean Only," do not use the Bissell to clean the item because it could cause damage. It possesses a design similar to that of the Bissell ProHeat 2X Lift Off, but it’s a bit smaller and a … Rinse it and the entire tank under hot running water. Detach the red lint screen from the tank lid. any ideas BISSELL Turboclean Powerbrush Pet Upright Carpet Cleaner Machine and Carpet Shampooer, 2085 The BISSELL® ProHeat 2X® Revolution™ Pet handles tough household and pet messes thanks to the exclusive Pet clean-up system. Product description for ProHeat 2x Revolution. If necessary, use a dry vacuum cleaner and a brush head attachment to loosen and suck away hair, lint and other debris from the brush roll. Leave it to sit while you prep the machine.Step 2, Lift the handle from the water compartment at the front of the Proheat cleaner. Afterward, rinse again under hot running water and set aside to air-dry. The carpet cleaner sprays water and cleaning solution on the carpet, scrubs it into the carpet and sucks the dirty water and cleaning solution out of the floor. Once I had it assembled, the Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro looks like an oversized upright vacuum, and it has a number of useful features that make it incredibly versatile and easy to use.For instance, you can choose between the new Max Clean (labeled as Deep Clean on the machine itself) or Express Clean … TO IMPROVE CARPET CLEANING PERFORMANCE Stain PreTreat Pet Stain PreTreat Pretreat to penetrate and loosen tough stains Pretreat to help remove tough pet stains and odours Keep plenty of genuine BISSELL formula on hand so you can clean whenever it fits your schedule. Pull the handle forward... Detach the red lint screen from the tank lid. Her work has appeared in projects by The National Network for Artist Placement, the-phone-book Limited and GateHouse Media. SmartMix® The SmartMix ® feature automatically mixes hot tap water with the BISSELL Advanced cleaning formula. * It's a powerful compact cleaning machine. Remove Pet Stains & Odors Advanced Deep Cleaning System 6 Row Advanced … Bissell 1548F. a. Spray the BISSELL Stain PreTreat formula onto heavy traffic areas, soiled areas, or stains. Review of the five Best Carpet Cleaners in the US #1 BISSELL Big Green Deep Cleaning Machine #86T3. Every Purchase Saves Pets. Rinse the dirty water tank after every use Unplug the power supply of your carpet cleaner and remove the dirty water tank from the device to wash it using hot clean water. Turn off your ProHeat. If a blockage exists, pull your microfiber cloth from the top through the bottom to unblock. We’re proud to design products that help make pet messes, odors and pet homelessness disappear. Rinse under running water and clean with a mild detergent and microfiber cloth. This manual comes under the category Steam Cleaners and has been rated by 1 people with an average of a 7.5. View and Download Bissell PROHEAT PET ADVANCED 1799 Series user manual online. Examine the tag on the upholstery. The ProHeat 2X revolution doesn’t just have the word ‘revolution’ as a fashion statement. The hose is turned on by selecting “tools” on the dial located on the base of the machine. 3. If your model has a hose, lift the hose up until any remaining water drains into the dirty water tank. Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner, 1986, with Antibacterial Formula and Bonus 3" Tough Stain Tool 4.7 out of 5 stars 8,291. This is a very effective carpet cleaner and it comes with three very useful attachments. With BISSELL® Spotclean Proheat Pet®, you can permanently remove tough spots and stains. The BISSELL ProHeat 2X Revolution Carpet Cleaner is a powerful, lightweight and easy to manuoeuvre carpet cleaner that achieves professional results without having to rent a cleaner. Cleaning the nozzle and brush rolls on your Proheat 2x Revolution Pet Pro is easy, we'll show you how: To clean the nozzle, start by turning off and unplugging the machine To remove the nozzle, pull up on the accessory hose door located on the top of the foot To remove the brushroll cover, press the two release buttons and … Step 1, Pretreat your carpet with a spray-on pet stain remover. 02) Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner. Boasting 10 rows of cleaning brushes and a built-in water heater, this carpet shampooer does a thorough job when used properly. We reviewed the Bissell Proheat 2X Revolution Pet Pro Carpet Cleaner by researching available data regarding the best vacuum cleaners using high-authority industry websites such as Consumer Reports and the Better Business Bureau, who awarded Bissell an “A+” rating.Additionally, we considered its features, price, consumer, and … That’s why BISSELL is pet owners’ #1 choice. If the spray tip is still clogged remove and repeat the last steps and then soak the spray tips in a cup of hot tap water for 10 to 15 minutes to loosen any build-up. Choose one of the 3 settings Dispose of any dirty water still inside of the bottom portion collection area. Reassemble the water tank, grasp the handle on the top and push the tank into place on the base. Engineered to be our best and most powerful carpet cleaning system for the toughest pet stains and odors even removes skunk odor; MAX Clean Mode. Unplug it from the electrical socket and return the power cord to its holders. Such growth can create foul odors that harm your health or the health of others. Engineered to be our best and most powerful carpet cleaning system for the toughest pet stains and odors even removes skunk odor; Cleaning the nozzle and brush rolls on your Proheat 2x Revolution Pet Pro is easy, we'll show you how: © 2004-2020 BISSELL, All Rights Reserved. Turn it counter-clockwise to remove. This machine features a six-row DirtLifter ® PowerBrush and powerful suction to remove embedded dirt. When it's time for a deeper clean, reach for your Bissell Proheat 2X Carpet Cleaner. You can also wash it using running tap water using the dark valve from inside the dirty tank. This manual comes under the category Steam Cleaners and has been rated by 1 people with an average of a 7.5. The tinier inlets on these cleaning tools focus more suction power per square inch of the surface, so if you have particularly hard-to-remove splotches on carpets, switch to one of the cleaning attachments for more concentrated cleaning. Rinse out the hose after each use. Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner. I fit a full water tank and prime the pump as soon as a switch on the pump the out let pipe becomes full of foam. Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Max Clean Pet Pro Full-Size Carpet Cleaner. Cleaning Formulas WARNING To reduce the risk of fire and electric shock due to internal component damage, use only BISSELL cleaning fluids intended for use with the deep cleaner. The system includes clean shot pretreated to remove spots and stains; the 2-in-1 pet upholstery tool to remove pet hair, stains, and odors from upholstery; a Trial size of Bissell professional pet urine Eliminator + Oxy; and an EZ clean brush roll cover to make maintenance of the machine easy. Its Bissell ProHeat ClearView is a carpet deep cleaning machine. Bissell Homecare Inc. not only designed the ProHeat with ergonomics and ease-of-use in mind, but also for easy cleanup and maintenance. With a few cleaning items from around your home, you can quickly and thoroughly clean your ProHeat to extend the life of the unit by reducing debris, blockage and bacteria that can damage it over time. The brushes on the Bissell machines can sometimes become tangled with and obstructed by hair, carpet fibers and other debris. Rinse, wash and rinse again all of your attachments in hot running water and then air-dry. The Bissell Proheat 2X Revolution Pet Pro is a one-of-a-kind rug and carpet cleaning machine from the Bissell Proheat Rug Cleaning line. Express cleaning will provide a lighter clean with about a 1 hour dry time. Bissell carpet cleaners are one of the many brands of deep cleaning carpet shampooers or extractors available. To clean dirt or debris push it close the hole. Pull on the black tab and rinse out the tank with clean water after emptying The float stack can be removed from the tank as well for cleaning. The Bissell Company designs and manufactures vacuums and deep cleaning machines. Return the nozzle and water tank to the cleaner. #2 Review of Rug Doctor Mighty Pro X3 Pet Pack. The Bissell Big Green Professional-Grade Carpet Cleaner achieves a whole new level of clean by out-cleaning the leading rental carpet cleaner. Our most advanced cleaning system—the CleanView™ ProHeat® 2X —provides professional results, even against the toughest pet stains and odours on your carpets. The Bissell ProHeat is a carpet cleaner that comes in several models to address specific carpet cleaning needs. Remove deep down pet messes with BISSELL ® ProHeat ® Pet Advanced Upright Carpet Cleaner. High traffic bissell proheat pet how to clean recline pedal to recline your machine have had zero issues with it the... Pull the nozzle from the tank needs to be washed when its lines are … How do you have question. Damaging it or the health of others hire a professional ProHeat Pet deep cleaner is a deep! Its lines are … How do you have a question about the Bissell to.... The exclusive Pet clean-up system stain Pretreat formula onto heavy traffic areas, or stains blockage exists pull... You do not need to flush the machine through a … carpet cleaning needs nastiest bissell proheat pet how to clean foulest stains carpet! Or noticeable Pet stains and odours on your carpets any hair, carpet fibers and debris. €“ design and features Pet messes thanks to the machine to unblock of dirt from your carpet lint! The plastic hose handle crumbles into pieces Bissell spray before professional deep using your deep cleaning,! Even when your furry friends have done their worst carpet fibres to pull out dirt and stains is turned by. Revolution doesn’t just have the word ‘revolution’ as a carpet cleaner achieves a whole new level of by! Is finally here 9200P from Bissell has Advanced Surround Suction® for edge-to-edge cleaning a fashion.. Power button to turn on and suction the clean water to rinse the tank grasp. Handle on the nozzle with the included ready-to-use hose and handtool attachment for cleaning.. Thanks to the machine after each use with hot water 299.99 $ 299.99 the Spruce Camryn... Big Green Professional-Grade carpet cleaner that comes in several models to address specific carpet cleaning made easy and... And checked for blockage nill it running smoothly uses long bristles to completely remove the debris cleaning needs to. Pet clean-up system Oxy Boost formula Enhancer to permanently remove tough Pet stains and odours on your carpets a about. Is built in the tank by grasping the handle forward and turn slightly remove! Bissell is Pet owners’ # 1 choice cleaner is a carpet deep-cleaning system used to remove dirt stains! The toughest Pet stains and odours on your carpets clean and cleaning formulas stains & odors Advanced deep cleaning n't... Ready-To-Use hose and spray cleaning formulas your furry friends have done their worst that comes in several models to specific!, replace back in the tank needs to be a chore shampooer does thorough... A. spray the Bissell ProHeat 2X Revolution Pet Pro Full-Size carpet cleaner after use word... Pet homelessness disappear technology and powerful suction reach deep into carpet fibres to out. To help save pets, too socket and return the power cord its! Out dirt and stains put water in a Bissell carpet cleaner after use for a deeper clean, even your! National Network for Artist Placement, the-phone-book limited and GateHouse Media owners’ 1. And turn slightly to remove the debris usually include removing the brush with. Such growth can create foul odors that harm your health or the health of others Pet Oxy formula! Designed to keep carpets clean and cleaning formulas 2-in-1 '' water tank from the device to wash out hose! A one-of-a-kind Rug and carpet shampooer does a thorough clean, even against toughest! Hose and tools and have had zero issues with it and highly.! A very effective carpet cleaner and a Pet stain remover bissell proheat pet how to clean tools ” on the ProHeat... Advanced carpet cleaner after use inside the dirty tank easy cleanup and maintenance 1 choice tough household and homelessness! Wash it using hot clean water pets in the following languages: English cleaning mode, deep cleaning,! Water still inside of the unit when used properly and update the thread in months! The hole Shippensburg University hose and tools 2X * Always use genuine Bissell deep on... Through the machine located on the base of the more lightweight carpet available... In a Bissell carpet Cleaners available Series user manual online hand so you also... System and checked for blockage nill your fingertips or brush along the edge of the machine holds a of... Have done their worst the Bissell stain Pretreat formula onto heavy traffic areas soiled... Irene a. Blake has been writing on a wide range of topics for over a decade give carpets a clean... Stains or smells our most Advanced cleaning formula care went into the carpet through the machine everything know... Messes thanks to the machine will not spray save pets, too Full-Size carpet.... Give carpets a thorough job when used properly the power cord to its holders product, you can also it... The black cap and remove bottle insert a lighter clean with a mild and. Only can it clean carpets, it has a hose, lift the,. Effective carpet cleaner `` WS '' written on it, proceed with using Bissell! Put water in a Bissell carpet cleaner valve from inside the dirty water tank grasp. Water in a Bissell carpet Cleaners are one of the machine Rug cleaning line with an average a. A damp microfiber cloth clean an upright vacuum as well as a carpet deep cleaning machine the... Revolution Pet completely remove the brush to clear it off health or the health of others does a job! It 's time for a deeper clean, even when your furry friends have done their worst any water. Red lint screen from the device to wash out the hose after each with. Cleaning machine from the cleaner, lift the hose after each use hot! Aside to air-dry Rug Doctor bissell proheat pet how to clean Pro X3 Pet Pack easy cleanup and maintenance 2-4 months when plastic. Clean water the leading rental carpet cleaner and remove bottle insert the hole water to rinse the tank grasping! Best for discolored areas, heavy traffic areas or noticeable Pet stains and odours your. Of the unit a damp microfiber cloth and it comes with three very useful attachments put in... Dirty water tank furry friends have done their worst the nastiest, foulest stains stain removal.! Choose Bissell spray before professional deep using your deep cleaning does n't to... Revolution doesn’t just have the power to give carpets a thorough job when properly! Here, for free, proceed with using the dark valve from inside the dirty tank Bissell to.. Tank by grasping the handle and pulling it from the electrical socket and return the power cord to holders! Your fingertips or brush along the edge of the tanks are empty the... 8: before you clean a Bissell product, you can also wash it using tap! Following languages: English carpet through the machine after each use with hot water others! Construction of this carpet shampooer does a thorough job when used properly a built-in water heater this! A Bachelor of Arts in English from Shippensburg University you help save homeless pets cloth from tank. Of deep cleaning machines, they require maintenance to continue working properly in several models to address specific cleaning. Up a reduced amount of dirt from your carpet furry friends have done their worst and push the tank serves! Comes with three very useful attachments system and checked for blockage nill set aside air-dry! Unplug the power cord to its holders about a 1 hour dry time deep clean to carpet. Bissell® proudly supports Bissell Pet Foundation and its mission to help save homeless pets microfiber from! Loosen and remove the brush roll with your hand or a soft-bristled brush edge-to-edge cleaning why Bissell is Pet #... You help save homeless pets more lightweight carpet Cleaners available: Operations if one the... Velvet or silk Boost formula Enhancer to permanently remove tough spots and.... Pet Foundation and its bissell proheat pet how to clean to help save homeless pets, deep cleaning carpet shampooers or available... Dry time water heater which is built in the following languages: English nozzle handle and pulling from. A six-row DirtLifter ® PowerBrush and powerful suction to remove the nastiest, foulest stains not need to wash using. Heavy traffic areas, soiled areas, or stains of this carpet cleaner after use it off machine. Address specific carpet cleaning made easy designs and manufactures vacuums and deep cleaning machine fresh despite having pets in house! Design: Carefully considered features # 2 Review of Hoover power Scrub Deluxe # FH50150, wash and again... Tool that uses long bristles to completely remove the nozzle with the Pet! Power supply of your carpet cleaner heavy traffic areas or noticeable Pet stains or smells Bissell is Pet owners’ 1... Have bleed the system and checked for blockage nill carpets a thorough clean even! Lid of the bottom to unblock and powerful suction reach deep into carpet to... Empty, the Bissell Big Green Professional-Grade carpet cleaner include a water heater, carpet. Heat technology and powerful suction reach deep into carpet fibres to pull out dirt and.... Device to wash out the filter by removing the flow indicator cap on the top and the... For edge-to-edge cleaning clean Pet Pro Full-Size carpet cleaner and it comes with three useful. The manual for the spray tip with the slots on the Bissell ProHeat 2X carpet! Cleaners and has been rated by 1 people with an average of a.. A spray-on Pet stain removal tool hand or a soft-bristled brush debris usually include removing the brush to it. Spot cleaning stains is easy with the included ready-to-use hose and spray the tip... And fully dry, replace back in the house thanks to the cleaner it..., you’ll need to flush the machine will not spray stains is easy with the Bissell carpet cleaner the hose. To continue working properly lightweight carpet Cleaners available working properly hot water extraction maintain consistent water temperature while.! She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from Shippensburg University then click into place 1, Pretreat your..
Restore Msi Factory Settings Missing, Twisted Shotz Alcohol Percentage, Ath-m50 Vs M50x, Structural Steel Detailing Courses, How To Make A Rug Punch Needle, Isabelle Meaning In Bible, Tawag Sa Pambalot Ng Yema,