Engraving of 'History of Spain'. Caesar remained briefly in Rome. The untested Caesar Octavian guarded the Senate's camp. : Battle of The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article The latter were defeated by the Triumvirs at the Battle of Philippi in October 42 BC, and committed suicide. The war was fought by the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian against the forces of Caesar's assassins, led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, also called the Liberatores. By 30 July, Caesar had completely surrounded Afranius and Petreius's army. Subsequently, the assassination of Julius Caesar began the Republican decline that led to the Roman Empire, initiated with the reign of the Roman Emperor Augustus. In the spring of 49 bc, Caesar sent six legions from Gaul into Spain under Gaius Fabius and joined them at Ilerda (present-day Lérida) on the Sicoris (Segre) River. Lucius Plancus, the commander of the two legions, took up a position on a nearby hill, where he was soon attacked. Unlike many other of the battles of the civil war this was more a campaign of manoeuvre than actual fighting. The battle was part of the Sertorian War and ended in victory for Sertorius and his rebels. On one of these missions, just after two of his legions had crossed the river, the bridge they were using was swept away. He was a client of Pompey and like Pompey he came from Picenum a region in eastern Italy. Battle of Ilerda — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Ilerda caption= partof=Caesar s civil war date=June August 49 BC place=Ilerda (modern day Lleida), Spain result=Populares victory combatant1=Populares combatant2 The fight had now lasted five hours without intermission, when our men, oppressed by the multitude of the enemy, and having spent all their darts, attacked the mountain sword in hand, and overthrowing such as opposed them, obliged the rest to betake themselves to flight. The Battle of Philippi was the final battle in the Wars of the Second Triumvirate between the forces of Mark Antony and Octavian and the leaders of Julius Caesar's assassination, Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC, at Philippi in Macedonia. Petreius, wanting to stop this fraternization, had the Caesarian soldiers who had wandered into the republican camp rounded up and killed. Julius Caesar besieged five legions of the Pompeian faction in the town of Ilerda, a major stronghold in Hispania Tarraconesis. It was followed shortly by the suicides of Scipio and his ally, Cato the Younger. The main Parthian force took charge of Syria and invaded Judea. Battle of Dyrrhachium (48 BC) (9 F) Media in category "Maps of Caesar's Civil War" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. Caesar ordered a pursuit which overtook the retreating rear guard of the republican army and with a feint retreat he was able outmaneuver them and to block the route on which the republicans were retreating. The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey Magnus, led by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. Afranius and Marcus Petreius threw themselves into the place with five legions; and their siege by Caesar himself (Battle of Ilerda), as narrated in his own words, forms … 法, Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。ご了承くださいませ。, ウィキペディア英語版からの引用, このモジュールを今後表示しない, Weblio英和対訳辞書での「Battle of Ilerda」の意味, ガイウス・ユリウス・カエサル, ウィキペディア英語版での「Battle of Ilerda」の意味, 英和辞書の「Battle of Ilerda」の用語索引, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA), イレルダの戦い(イレルダのたたかい、イタリア語: Campagna di Lerida)は、ローマ内戦における紀元前49å¹´6月から9月までヒスパニアで行われたガイウス・ユリウス・カエサル軍と元老院派との戦いである。. The pursuit was continued to the very walls of Ilerda, and some out of fear took shelter in the town, which gave our men an opportunity of making good their retreat. El texto está disponible bajo la . Caesar was likewise obliged to detach small parties to maintain the battle, and bring off such as were wounded. The enemy's forces increased every moment, fresh cohorts being sent from the camp through the town, who succeeded in the place of those that were fatigued. After the surrender of the republican main army in Spain, Caesar then marched towards Varro in Hispania Ulterior, who at once without a fight submitted to him leading to another two legions surrendering. Unlike many other of the battles of the civil war, this was more a campaign of maneuvre than actual fighting. On 9 August 48 BC at Pharsalus in central Greece, Gaius Julius Caesar and his allies formed up opposite the army of the republic under the command of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. New!! XIX century He was the father of Quintus Labienus. The descent from the town was indeed something easier for about four hundred paces, which furnished our men with the means of extricating themselves from the danger into which their rashness had brought them. Although remembered as one of Julius Caesar's lieutenants in Gaul, mentioned frequently in the accounts of his military campaigns, Labienus chose to oppose him during the Civil War and was killed at Munda. The Battle of Munda, in southern Hispania Ulterior, was the final battle of Caesar's civil war against the leaders of the Optimates. Then for his battles with the Belgae, watch The Battle of the Axona, and The Battle of the Sabis. Marcus Petreius was a Roman politician and general. Fabius had taken control of several passes through the Pyrenees and after being reinforced by another three legions had moved into the Peninsula. It was fought by the army of Julius Caesar against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Arverni. Fearing an ambush, the Romans delayed their pursuit. A three-month campaign followed, in which Caesar masterfully outmaneuvered Afranius, forcing the Pompeian army of seven veteran legions in Spain to surrender without Afranius and Petreius's ask for terms of surrender to Caesar, and in front of both armies, Caesar accepted the surrender of the five Pompeian legions. He soon put a stop to the vigorous and insulting pursuit of the enemy, obliged them to turn their backs, and pushed them to the very walls of Ilerda. Titus Labienus was a professional Roman soldier in the late Roman Republic. [4] The Pompeian forces were half a mile outside Ilerda, which held much of their supplies, with a small hill between. With the military victory at Munda, and the deaths of Titus Labienus and Gnaeus Pompeius, Caesar was politically able to return in triumph to Rome, and then govern as the elected Roman dictator. Caesar lost about seventy men in the first encounter, among whom was Q. Fulginius, first centurion of the Hastati of the fourteenth legion, who had raised himself by his valour to that rank, through all the inferior orders. The Republican forces of the Optimates, led by Quintus Caecilius Metellus Scipio, were decisively defeated by the veteran forces loyal to Julius Caesar. After finishing his bridges Fabius marched his army across and also encamped on the western bank. The Battle of the Axona was fought in 57 BC, between the Roman army of Gaius Julius Caesar and the Belgae. See more » Battle of Munda The Battle of Munda (17 March 45 B.C. He was only saved by the arrival of Fabius's other two legions, which had crossed the other bridge. Lucius Afranius was an ancient Roman plebeian and a client of Pompey the Great. Two days later Caesar arrived at Fabius's camp and took command. After returning from Spain, Caesar was appointed as dictator, but he remained at this position for only 11 days. Quintus Labienus Parthicus was a Roman general in the Late Republic period. [2] Unlike many of the other battles of the civil war, this was more a campaign of manoeuvre than actual fighting. The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey the Great, lead by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. Unlike many other of the battles of the civil In this way Afranius and Petreius had access to the land for foraging to the east of the river through the stone bridge by the city, and water. The Pompeians, commanded by Afranius and Petreius, encamped on a hill south of the city of Ilerda on the western side of the river Sicoris. The two armies again camped close to each other leading to some fraternization between the two armies. Both Hannibal and his father Hamilcar had passed that way leading armies in the two centuries preceding. Unlike many other of the battles of the civil war, this was more a campaign of maneuvre than actual fighting. The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey the Great, led by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. [5]. The Battle of Mutina took place on 21 April 43 BC between the forces loyal to the Senate under Consuls Gaius Vibius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius, supported by the legions of Caesar Octavian, and the Caesarian legions of Mark Antony which were besieging the troops of Decimus Brutus. It was fought by the army of Julius Caesar against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Arverni. Battle of Ilerda The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey the Great led by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. The Battle of Forum Gallorum was fought on 14 April 43 BC between the forces of Mark Antony, and legions loyal to the Roman Senate under the overall command of consul Gaius Pansa, aided by his fellow consul Aulus Hirtius. Since the Pompeians had striped the western bank of supplies Fabius had to sent foraging parties across the river to supply his army. [3]. But the soldiers of the ninth legion, elated with success, and eager to repair the loss we had sustained, followed the runaways with so much heat that they were drawn into a place of disadvantage, and found themselves directly under the hill where the town stood, whence when they endeavoured to retire, the enemy again facing about, charged vigorously from the higher ground. As night came, Caesar withdrew his army behind the ditch and spent the night under arms. The son of Titus Labienus, he made an alliance with Parthia and invaded the Roman provinces in the eastern Mediterranean which were under the control of Mark Antony. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Battle of Ilerda (49 B.C.). The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey the Great, led by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. The contest for this hill led to a protracted battle. Neue Maps Battle of Dyrrhachium und Battle of Ilerda sind am start. Schlacht von Ilerda - Battle of Ilerda Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie Schlacht von Ilerda Ein Teil des Caesars Bürgerkrieg Datum Juni-August 49 BC Ort Ilerda … ピレネー山脈 を越えて、 ガリア・ナルボネンシス 属州から ヒスパニア・ウルステリオル (ヒスパニア北部)へ入ったカエサル軍は各地を制圧しながら、 ルキウス・アフラニウス 及び マルクス・ペトレイウス が率いる元老院派の軍勢が滞在していたイレルダ(現: リェイダ )に近い、元老院派とカエサル軍を隔てているシコリス川(Sicoris、現: セグレ川 )の向こう岸へ陣を張った。 He died in Africa right after the Battle of Thapsus in 46 BC. This, combined with their skirmish-like combat technique, overwhelmed the Caesarian detachment and his troops were forced to give ground, eventually retreating to safety. Pompey had the backing of a majority of the senators, of whom many were optimates, and his army significantly outnumbered the veteran Caesarian legions. Kings and Generals’ historical animated documentary series on the Great Roman Civil War (Caesar’s Civil War) continues with a video on the conclusion of the battle of Ilerda and the siege of Massilia in 49 BC, as Gaius Julius Caesar attacks the armies of his enemy Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus in Hispania and Gaul Caesar's Civil War, also known as the Great Roman Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire. This article discusses significant portions of the campaign surrounding the Battle of Ilerda, which I'm not sure is necessary. The wreckage of the bridge floated by Ilerda, and Afranius decided to lead four of his legions and his cavalry across the stone bridge to attack Fabius's isolated two legions. This meant that the Caesarian troops were unable to forage and famine struck the army, accompanied by disease. He served Pompey as a legate during his Iberian campaigns, his eastern campaigns and remained in his service right through to the Civil War. Video de YouTube del canal Historia Civilis. He returned the rights to everyone, which Lucius Cornelius Sulla expelled during the proscriptions. Caesar wanted with an unexpected attack on Pompey’s troops in Spain to set back their eventual offensive. The Battle of Ilerda In 49 B.C. It was fought between Julius Caesar and an army led by Gnaeus Pompey who had the backing of the majority of the Roman Senate. The battle occurred on the Via Aemilia near a village in northern Italy, perhaps near modern-day Castelfranco Emilia. Unlike many other of the battles of the civil war, this was more a campaign of maneuvre than actual fighting. The Belgae, led by King Galba of the Suessiones, attacked, only to be repelled by Caesar. The next day was spent creating the rest of the ditch and the rampart which would form the defences of Caesar's camp. The Siege of Massilia, including a naval battle, was an episode of Caesar's civil war, fought in 49 BC between forces loyal to the Optimates and a detachment of Caesar's army. The denomination 49 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. The Battle of Pharsalus was the decisive battle of Caesar's Civil War. Datos: Q2291971 Esta página se editó por última vez el 14 nov 2020 a las 19:05. Year 49 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. The battle of Ilerda (May-2 July 49 BC) was Caesar's first major military success during the Great Civil War, and saw him defeat Pompey's most experienced armies, posted in Spain where Pompey had gained one of his earliest Both armies sent detachments towards the hill and the Pompeians occupied it first. After this, Caesar left his legate Quintus Cassius Longinus —the brother of Gaius Cassius Longinus— in command of Spain with four of the legions, partly made up of men who had surrendered and gone over to the Caesarian camp, and returned with the rest of his army to Massilia and its siege. Here they bravely maintained the fight, though with great disadvantage to themselves, as well on account of the narrowness of the place, as because being posted at the foot of the hill, none of the enemy's darts fell in vain. Caesar conducted ele… Caesar sent his cavalry across and after the infantry indicated its assent, had his legions go across in the shoulder height water. Thus the engagement was attended with various turns of fortune. I admire the Ilerda map for a bit to long in this episode and it becomes my downfall in this Sheildwall episode. Both Labienus and the Parthians were defeated by Publius Ventidius Bassus, who recovered these provinces for Mark Antony. The battle was a victory for Pompey, albeit not a decisive one. Gaius Julius Caesar (ca. When the flood of the river Sicoris finally withdrew, the Caesarians dug deep culverts with which to divert the river. For this operation Caesar kept a part of his force on guard. The battle of Alesia marked the end of Gallic independence in France and Belgium. Fabius and his army were east of the Sicoris and decided to constructed two new wooden bridges across the river upstream from Ilerda. After this the republicans again retreated towards Ilerda, only to become besieged by the Caesarians in their new camp. On his way to Spain, Caesar was delayed when the port city of Massilia rebelled under the leadership of Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus in April. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lentulus and Marcellus. [7]. The siege was conducted by Gaius Trebonius, one of Caesar's senior legates, while the naval operations were in the capable hands of Decimus Brutus, Caesar's naval expert. After having driven the Optimates from Italy, in March 49 BC Caesar turned his attention to the Republican army in the Spanish provinces. On Afranius's side was slain T. Caecilius, first centurion of a legion; also four centurions of inferior degree, and above two hundred private men. This article concerns the period 49 BC – 40 BC. This minor reverse would result in Caesar spurning a renewed attack and this, in turn, led to a longer engagement. During these foraging missions the Caesarians fought many skirmishes with the Pompeian cavalry. Unlike many of the other battles of the civil war, this was more a campaign of manoeuvre than actual fighting. [6]. ), in southern Hispania Ulterior, was the final battle of Caesar's civil war against the leaders of the Optimates. The Battle of Thapsus was an engagement in Caesar's Civil War that took place on February 6, 46 BC near Thapsus. 100-44 B.C. The Battle of Ilerda took place in June 49 BC between the forces of Julius Caesar and the Spanish army of Pompey the Great, led by his legates Lucius Afranius and Marcus Petreius. Campaign of Ilerda, (49 bc), the campaign leading to the victory of Julius Caesar over Pompey’s forces in Spain. [3] While the Pompeians under Afranius threatened to give battle, Caesar declined, but had his first two lines of troops form up for battle anyway, while the third line was ordered to dig a wide ditch behind the lines, unseen. It was the last major engagement between Gauls and Romans, and is considered one of Caesar's greatest military achievements and a … ), politician, general and Roman writer, during his campaign against Pompey in Hispanic lands across the river Segre. The spring storms and the melting snow from the mountains then caused flooding, which particularly affected the lower-situated Caesarians, whose camp was flooded. Leaving the siege of Massilia to Gaius Trebonius and Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus, Caesar moved to Hispania Citerior to reinforce the three legions he had sent there as an advance guard under his legate Fabius. This caused Petreius and Afranius to abandon their camp and the city of Ilerda and retreat towards a second republican army under Marcus Terentius Varro. The hill was rough, and steep on each side, extending only so far in breadth as was sufficient for drawing up three cohorts; but they could neither be reinforced in flank, nor sustained by the cavalry. 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