Counterconditioning. When the aversive stimulus follows an undesired behavior, it is equivalent to positive punishment. Sherff, T.J. Carew, in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 2009. Cellular mechanisms. Conditioning, in physiology, a behavioral process whereby a response becomes more frequent or more predictable in a given environment as a result of reinforcement, with reinforcement typically being a stimulus or reward for a desired response. Counterconditioning is a type of therapy based on the principles of classical conditioning that attempts to replace bad or unpleasant emotional responses to a stimulus with more pleasant, adaptive responses. This conditioning is intended to cause the patient to associate the stimulus with unpleasant sensations with the intention of quelling the targeted (sometimes compulsive) behavior.. Aversive conditioning is a term that looks like it may be used in different ways - either to refer to operant conditioning (specifically positive punishment) or classical conditioning. Comprehensive Clinical Psychology. A pad with a wetness sensor is placed in the child's bed, connected to a bell that sounds at the first sign of wetness. C.M. Emerged from the pioneering work of Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson, and B.F. Skinner. Aversion therapy was utilised in Anthony Burgess' 1962 book A Clockwork Orange, which was later adapted as a film by Stanley Kubrick. The Neurobiological Mechanism of Chemical Aversion (Emetic) Therapy for Alcohol Use Disorder: An fMRI Study. Aversive conditioning definition: a type of behavior conditioning in which noxious stimuli are associated with undesirable... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Aversion therapy is a form of psychological treatment in which the patient is exposed to a stimulus while simultaneously being subjected to some form of discomfort. 1998. In children aversive conditioning plays a role in one of the most effective treatments for enuresis (bedwetting): the bell and pad method. Aversion therapy, sometimes called aversive therapy or aversive conditioning, is used to help a person give up a behavior or habit by having them associate it with something unpleasant. American Psychological Association: APA Dictionary of Psychology. Aversion conditioning. The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science and (2) emphasizes observabable behavior (not mental processes) that can be objectively measured. Aversion Therapy. ScienceDirect. Psychology Definition of AVERSION: n. refers to a physiological or emotional response to a stimulus that indicates that the an object, organism, or situation, should be avoided. Learn more about conditioning. Elkins RL, Richards TL, Nielsen R, Repass R, Stahlbrandt H, Hoffman HG. It is Aversive conditioning In aversive learning an aversion is created toward a targeted behavior by pairing it with an unpleasant stimulus, such as a painful electric shock. In vitro operant conditioning is induced by En2 stimulation (reinforcer) given, contingent upon spontaneous production of either ingestion-like behavior (appetitive conditioning) or egestion-like behavior (aversive). The story, set in a dystopia of violent crime, looks at the treatment of a young Alex de Large, whose is offered freedom from a long jail sentence if he is prepared to undergo aversion therapy for his violence.
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