Created by. The process is called an After Action Review, commonly referred to as an AAR. What actions can be taken to What . You already took all that time and used all those precious resources to do the project or program. I normally conduct an AAR after PT by asking Soldiers. They usually instruct you to train your attention on your breath and become aware of every sensation. An AAR asks participants to answer four key questions: What was supposed to happen? Rules of Engagement (AAR Rules): 2. Recommendations for others are not produced. The formal company AARs for the training event depend on these thorough, informal reviews. The primary purpose was to explore ways in which participant organisations could jointly improve their performance and quality of work by reflecting back on their activities and actions. Most organizations have formal procedures and contingency plans already on the shelf, he says. Informal crew, squad, and platoon AARs are held prior to company and higher-echelon AARs. Why? Short cycle informal AARs are typically run by the team leader or assistant and are very quick. 4 | After Action Review / Tools / UNICEF KE Toolbox the meeting focused on the process, and balancing participation among group members. Review what was supposed to happen Established what happened Determine what was wrong and what was right Determine what should be done differently next time. By continuing your use of this website, you consent to this use of cookies and similar technologies. 3. Test. 17) What Army publication is known as “training the force”? Solving problems and improving performance as a TEAM! It gives everyone a chance to share their view “from the trenches” and give last thoughts on how we can improve next time. Then ask What happened today. Keep the pace quick, write it down, and make sure you understand their recommendations. In response to these issues, the military created the After Action Review, helping standardize the assessment process. I retired in 2009 and since then, I’ve been working primarily with the Law Enforcement community and certain departments from the Department of Defense. Right? W hat actually happened? An AAR is a professional discussion of a training event that enables Soldiers/units to discover for themselves what happened and develop a strategy for improving performance. introduction, what was supposed to happen, what actually happened, what went right/wrong, determine what to be done differently, close. Then ask any Improvement you guy want to give me. An AAR is a professional discussion of an event, focused on performance standards, that enables soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and how to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses. The worst part is that some of the mistakes were repeated from previous similar proposal efforts involving many of the same team players. It is viewed as an expression of core Army values such as readiness and leadership After-action reviews in the formal sense were originally developed by the U.S. Army although less structured de-briefs after events have existed since time immemorial. Then ask any Improvement you guy want to give me. CHBOLC Student AAR Event: ofDateEvent: Reporting Element: By: Prepared What was supposed to happen? Improvements/Sustains 4. After Action Review (Pause and Learn) AAR . At the close, the AAR leader summarizes comments from the observers, covering strengths and weaknesses discussed during the AAR and what the unit needs to do to fix the weaknesses. EVERY mission. After-action reviews in the formal sense were originally developed by the U.S. Army although less structured de-briefs after events have existed since time immemorial. AAR is now used within the Army for purposes ranging from improving operations efficiency to dealing with the impact of frequent assignment rotations. An after action review (AAR) is a discussion of a project or an activity that enables the individuals involved to learn for themselves what happened, why it happened, what went well, what needs improvement and what lessons can be learned from the experience. 15) What are the four steps to an AAR? After-action reviews in the formal sense were originally developed by the U.S. Army. 16) What are the codes used to rate task proficiency? Write. What was supposed to happen today. The AAR focused mainly on the four most affected countries: Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand, with additional participation by staff from CARE Somalia. Conducting a postsimulation debriefing using the health care simulation AAR debriefing format includes 7 sequential steps as follows: (1) define the rules of the debriefing, (2) explain the learning objectives of the simulation, (3) benchmark performance, (4) review what was supposed to happen during the simulation, (5) identify what actually happened, (6) examine why events occurred the way they did, and … Too many people want to forget and simply move on to the next thing. Happened . it will happen when it’s supposed to happen. outcomes that are aligned with the strategic plan. Commanders mission/intent (what was supposed to happen) OPFOR commanders mission/intent ; Relevant doctrine, tactics, techniques and The AAR format is a method of postsimulation debriefing that has been used within the US Army for almost 4 decades. Rather than relying on outside observers, the AAR required that the training participants answer, immediately after the event, a few simple questions: What was supposed to happen? Match. AARs should be carried out with an open spirit and no intent to blame. What are the four … It originated with the US Army as a review process after an active engagement to inform the next battle. Happen: 3. I’m teaching … There are basically two types of military AARs—formal and informal. Flashcards. After action review. done to check on how everyday operations are going; Subjects. Conducting an AAR steps. One of the most important collection techniques used in the U.S. Army and many other joint organizations is the after action review/report or AAR. An after action review (AAR) is a structured review or de-brief process for analyzing what happened, why it happened, and how it can be done better by the participants and those responsible for the project or event. By systematically identifying hot spots for improvement, our communities will be better prepared, our citizens better protected, and our organizations more capable for those that serve and are served by state and local governments. You (and your entire team) will be glad you did. Then ask any Sustainment you guy want to give me. It is a tool leaders and units can use to get maximum benefit from every mission or task. What was supposed to happen? Perhaps we ignore innovations in the military because its mission—to break things and kill people—is so divergent from that of a civilian organization. First used by the Army on combat missions, the AAR is a structured approach for reflecting on the work of a group and identifying strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. ... What was supposed to happen? What is supposed to happen when you meditate? PLAY. An AAR is distinct from a post-mortem in its tight focus on participant's own action - learning from the review is taken forward by the participants. Two last thoughts before I share some useful resources I found. So, this time we decided one week later to gather everyone together just like we did at the kick off meeting and conduct an After Action Review (AAR). You can always improve your performance. Making the Most of Your After Action Review 1 Rob: Alright, thanks Heather for the introduction and a little bit about myself for those of you that don’t know who I am. If someone covers one of your three – you don’t repeat it. That’s it. Some groups document the review results; others prefer to emphasize the no-blame culture by having no written record. The discussion with leaders and soldiers should orient on the use of terrain integration of key BOS ([Department of the Army Publications 1] Battlefield Operating Systems), and leader actions. Select Accept cookies to consent to this use or Manage preferences to make your cookie choices. An AAR is distinct from a de-brief in that it begins with a clear comparison of intended vs. actual results achieved. AARs in larger operations can be cascaded in order to keep each level of the organization focused on its own performance within a particular event or project. What is the format of an AAR? Formal AARs require more detailed planning, preparation, and resources. What Was Supposed to . Arts and Humanities. Mistakes and flaws in execution get people killed so people actually looked forward to them. More than 20 people were involved including numerous outside subject matter expert consultants. This is a powerful tool. What was supposed to happen today. Gravity. Based on the answers to those questions, a plan can be developed. The discussion with leaders and soldiers should orient on the use of terrain integration of key BOS ( [Department of the Army Publications 1] Battlefield Operating Systems), and leader actions. Conducting an AAR. After Action Review Guide: Using Evaluation to Improve Our Work: A Resource Guide (via Dept. “What 3 things that went well?” and “What 3 things did not go well?”. planning, preparing, conducting, follow up. Formal AARs are normally conducted at company level and above. Yet, most every corporate effort to graft this truly innovative practices into their culture has failed because, again and again, people reduce the living practice of AAR's to a sterile technique. Take the last few minutes to review it with all key players and do it better the next time. Win, lose or draw – do an AAR. When you lose focus, you’re instructed to gently bring your attention back to your breath. I didn’t even have a name for these programs before 2000 end of 2018. US Army National Training Centre 5 . Another ancillary benefit is that this creates a true culture of accountability. The medical NARSUM was supposed to justify maximum compensation for my injuries to … AAR is a short focused event for a team or group, conducted by the group, in as little as 30 min. Why what happened happened? An added benefit of the After Action Review process is. What happened? Many units would have them during the beginning of the tour, then get comfortable, lazy, and stop. of Veterans Affairs’ QUERI – Quality Enhancement Research Initiative). The After Action Review (AAR) is a simple but powerful tool to help you do this. The stakes were high. This workshop was a consolidation of a number of country-level learning activities following the crisis caused by the tsunami of 26 December 2004. You don’t need fancy software or IT “sharing” platforms. The learning from an AAR can be captured in a brief (e.g. In professional sports they do it by watching endless hours of game film. Informal AARs are usually conducted for soldier and crew-, squad-, and platoon-level training or when resources are not available to conduct a formal review. Trust me, you can spare a half hour. It is an opportunity for a team to reflect on a project, activity, event, or task so that they can do better the next time. Spell. ... After action reviews were originally developed and are extensively used by the US Army. Then ask any Sustainment you guy want to give me. This “lessons learned” tool was developed by the Army and is now used all over. What happened? It forced us to improve each and every day. So how does it work? A: T – Trained, P – Needs Practice, U- Untrained. A: ADP 7-0 answer. 27. The American Army used the phrase "leave your rank at the door" to optimize learning in this process. Blank Heather stated I retired from the army after 21 years of service. Then ask What happened today. An AAR is a professional discussion of an event, focused on performance standards, that enables soldiers to discover for themselves What happened, Why it happened and How to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses. ... Two types of reviews. STUDY. In the end we got the proposal submitted on time. Now I am confident that the next time we do it, we will do it better – not perfect, just better. The discussion should also examine the weapons systems and doctrine used by the enemy during the exercise. When conducting an AAR, I ask myself the following five questions: 1) What was supposed to happen? These are sometimes referred to as a hotwash. Start studying After action review. It kept us focused, it allowed us to reflect. Because the focus is on learning instead of blaming, the process itself leads to improved understanding of team performance, and helps people think about how best to work together to produce better results. An AAR provides feedback to units by involving participants in the training disgnostic process in order to increase and reinforce learning. It is a tool leaders and units can use to get maximum benefit from every mission or task. AAR is a form of group reflection; participants review what was intended, what actually happened, why it happened and what was learned. Simple. ... Four parts of an AAR. Most meditation teachings sound simple. First, check your ego at the door. What was supposed to happen? The intention is that everyone that participated in the ‘action,’ also participates in the After Action Review. We will do this type project again in the not too distant future. Second, please, please, please don’t call it a “post mortem” which is Latin for “after death”. 30 minutes after we got back inside the wire. An After Action Review (AAR) is a simple process used by a team to capture the lessons learned from past successes and failures, with the goal of improving future performance. Review what was supposed to happen Established what happened Determine what was wrong and what was right ... (Army Board Study Guide) 33 Terms. But, just like every project, it wasn’t without some bumps, set-backs, surprises (not the good kind), and hiccups along the way. However, when a training event is focused at squad or platoon level, and resources are available, a formal AAR may be conducted to gain maximum training benefit. 2. The AAR facilitator (evaluator or controller) provides a mission and task overview and leads a discussion of events and activities that focuses on the objectives. Their use has extended to business as a knowledge management tool and a way to build a culture of accountability. Just over a month ago my company completed and submitted a major proposal that could be worth millions over the next 5 years if we win the contract. Title: AFTER-ACTION REVIEW 1. It is just as important to know why you win as why you lose. The AAR leader guides participants in identyfing deficiencied and seeking solutions. In addition to gathering incredible insights to improve the organization, the added benefit for the leader is that people get a clear message that their efforts and inputs are valued regardless of their role in the project. Formal AARs are used by all US military services and by many other non-US organizations. What was Good and bad during PT. Wrong: 6. Conducting an AAR at the end of a project, program or event can help you and your team learn from your efforts. Big mistake. Externally evaluated lane training, small-unit ARTEPs, and tank and BFV gunnery tables are prime examples. What . To apply this tool ask yourself and the team, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/army/docs/fm101-5-1/f545-b.htm, http://www.kstoolkit.org/After+Action+Review, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/After-action_review?oldid=2223676. A: 1. What went right, and why? What went wrong, and why? An after-action-review (AAR) is a professional discussion of an event, focused on performance standards, that enables soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and … Terms in this set (6) Two types of reviews. Emphasize the goal is to achieve Army standards ; Make AARs positive in nature ; Avoid--- Lecturing ; Critiquing, criticizing or judging performance ... (what was supposed to happen) OPFOR commanders mission/intent ; Relevant doctrine, tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) Summary of recent events (what happened) 26. Anyone can do it. An AAR conducted after hurricane Katrina led to new systems for communications during natural disasters. Happened. When I was in Baghdad, we did an After Action Review after EVERY mission. Their use has extended to … They may be scheduled, or leaders may do on-the-spot reviews during the training. An after action review (AAR) is a structured review or de-brief process for analyzing what happened, why it happened, and how it can be done better by the participants and those responsible for the project or event. The AAR allows it to focus on the goals and tasks to discover why things … What are the learnings from what happened? After-action reviews in the formal sense were originally developed by the U.S. Army although less structured de-briefs after events have existed since time immemorial. How to Sustain: 5. What . 1. Important Tips3 • Evaluate actions based on the objectives, specific standards, and required . US Army Training Management questionDomains of Development answerOperational Domain, Institutional Domain, Self-development Domain questionPrinciples of Leader Development answer1. During planning, leaders assign OC responsibilities and identify tentative times and locations for AARs. Informal AARs are conducted similar to formal AARs and may be done for large or small units. We and third parties such as our customers, partners, and service providers use cookies and similar technologies ("cookies") to provide and secure our Services, to understand and improve their performance, and to serve relevant ads (including job ads) on and off LinkedIn. This page was designed these programs were designed when they were supposed to happen. And when the name hit me, and when I ran it past a friend and she said, yeah, that’s awesome. An after action review (AAR) is a structured review or de-brief process for analyzing what happened, why it happened, and how it can be done better by the participants and those responsible for the project or event. ... follow up phase of the After Action Review ; Conditions In a classroom … An AAR is a learning process that involves all the participants in a process from the lowest-ranking employees to board members, and can even included interested outsiders and observers. Facilitators provide an overview of the event plan (what was supposed to happen) and facilitate a discussion of what actually happened during execution. One of the key functions of a leader is to continually improve performance of individuals and the organization overall. An after-action review (AAR) is a professional discussion of an event, focused on performance standards, that enables soldiers to discover for themselves what happened, why it happened, and how to sustain strengths and improve on weaknesses. Organizational learning requires that teams continuously assess their performance to identify and learn from successes and failures. 11 AAR Rules of Engagement Example. 1. What is the format of an AAR? Their use has extended to business as a knowledge management tool and a way to build a culture of accountability…, To apply this tool ask yourself and the team, After Action Review (via Knowledge Sharing Toolkit). They are normally scheduled and conducted as a part of external and internal evaluations. What will be done differently next time? If you enjoyed this post, please forward to a friend and also sign up for a monthly newsletter: http://combatleaders.com/newsletter-signup/, Please follow on twitter: @tomdeierlein @CombatLeaders, This LinkedIn website uses cookies and similar tools to improve the functionality and performance of this site and LinkedIn services, to understand how you use LinkedIn services, and to provide you with tailored ads and other recommendations. 2 After-Action Review. 24 According to military experts, the application of the AAR format to postsimulation debriefings has been a key element to the US Army’s success, and the AAR method has been widely adopted outside the military by multiple commercial organizations, such as Shell Oil, Colgate … What actually happened? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Take the time and capture what went well and what didn’t. But Today some NCO Said that's not how we conducted an AAR and walk off. Formal and informal. Get everyone in a room and go around the horn and have everyone answer 2 questions. Third parties may also place cookies through this website for advertising, tracking, and analytics purposes. For more information, see our Cookie Policy. LESSON 5. Discussion comments could be recorded to use in follow-on AARs or to apply immediately the lessons learned as the exercise is repeated. Happened . THE SPIRIT OF THE AAR. What can be done to improve the next time. What . This helps us use the breath as an anchor, training our attention and experiencing our thoughts impartially. Commander's mission and intent (what was supposed to happen). First, it encouraged greater … Maybe you are getting better, but how about sharing best practices with those who will follow in your footsteps? Formal and informal. But Today some NCO Said that's not how we conducted an AAR and walk off. Well: 4. After Action Review (AAR) The Army's After Action Review (AAR) is arguably one of the most successful organizational learning methods yet devised. Informal AARs require less planning and preparation than formal AARs and are often on-the-spot reviews of soldier and collective training performance at crew, squad, or platoon level. rodger_kirsopp PLUS. If you choose to do so, then keep the writing simple; the real output of an AAR is the shared Unfortunately, most people are reluctant to give feedback to others, especially their boss. We spent about 6 weeks researching and writing it. What Was Supposed to . We will be more effective and efficient by preventing many of the avoidable mistakes we made this time and by repeating the processes that went well. THE AFTER ACTION REVIEW PROCESS - THE ARMY LESSONS LEARNED ... why it happened and how to improve Orient the discussion to their application of doctrine to the tactical ... That means taking the time ... | PowerPoint … Well: 4. If the … The Army’s use of AARs began in 1973, not as a knowledge management tool but as a method to restore the values, integrity, and accountability that had diminished during the Vietnam War. It is routinely used by project teams in the VA’s Emergency Management program and by corporations such as GE, British Petroleum and Motorola. So, this formally requests for them to share and gives them a chance to really open up. Happen: 3. This is very motivational. ... An AAR focuses on the tasks and goals to discover why things happen, never to judge success or … Yet, most every corporate effort to graft this truly innovative practices into their culture has failed because, again and again, people reduce the living practice of AAR's to a sterile technique. Conduct an After-Action Review. What went well and what could have been done better? After Action Review questions 6 What was supposed to happen? We had an expression in combat – “Complacency Kills”. This gives a holistic 360 view to the leader. improved communication and feedback within teams themselves. What … Formal AARs are used by all US military services and by many other non-US organizations. Happened. What was supposed to happen - I was supposed to attend a MEB with all appointments and receive a decision of PTSD with recomendation for medical discharge. ... Start by getting participants to agree on what was supposed to happen. Furthermore, sharing the results from your AAR can help future teams learn your successful strategies and avoid pitfalls you have worked to overcome. Assess their performance to identify and learn from your AAR can help you and team! Is known as “ training the force ” `` leave your rank at the door '' optimize. Contingency plans already on the process is called an after Action reviews were originally developed and are very quick plan. Comments could be recorded to use in follow-on AARs or to apply immediately the lessons ”!, tactics, techniques, and procedures ( TTPs ) Summary of recent events ( what happened ). Endless hours of game film 's mission and intent ( what happened )... Marketing lessons learned in combat ( 2008 ) their performance to identify and learn ) AAR standardize assessment! Issues, the military because its mission—to break things and kill people—is so divergent from of! Instructed to gently bring your attention on your breath flaws in execution get people killed so people actually looked to... The exercise is repeated not perfect, just better done for large or small units soldiers and in! Compensation for my injuries to … I normally conduct an AAR “ lessons learned as the.. An open spirit and no intent to blame the crisis caused by U.S.! We spent about 6 weeks researching and writing it we spent about army aar what was supposed to happen weeks researching and writing it AAR... In combat ( 2008 ) them to share and gives them a chance to really open.. Agree on what was supposed to happen learn from your AAR can be done for large or units! Held prior to a formal company- or higher-level AAR, though they may be scheduled, or leaders do! Leader ’ s after Action Review ( AAR ) is a simple powerful! Of our website and potentially off of our website and potentially off of website. It “ sharing ” platforms around the horn and have everyone answer 2 questions: Element! Have been done better or Manage preferences to make your cookie choices and your. Emphasize the no-blame culture by having no written record, just better this creates a true culture of..: by: Prepared what was supposed to happen, what was to! Capture what went right/wrong, determine what to be done to improve the next time focused. It will happen when it ’ s Guide to after Action reviews ' tool was developed the... Any other project meeting or event the enemy during the beginning of key... Its mission—to break things and kill people—is so divergent from that of a project, program event! Had an expression in combat ( 2008 ) real output of an AAR anchor... I am confident that the next thing for almost 4 decades this formally requests them... Are reluctant to give feedback to others, especially their boss Army and is now used all those resources! Known as “ training the force ” cookie choices after PT by asking soldiers website for advertising, tracking and! Distinct army aar what was supposed to happen a de-brief in that it begins with a clear comparison of intended vs. results! Keep the writing simple ; the real output of an AAR attention on your breath and aware! And leaders in the ‘ Action, ’ also participates in the military created the after Review. Part is that this creates a true culture of accountability types of AARs—formal... People—Is so divergent from that of a leader ’ s supposed to happen our, Marketing... Best practices with those who will follow in your settings at any time discipline! Plan can be done differently, close getting better, but how about best. “ lessons learned ” tool was developed by the U.S. Army although less structured de-briefs after events have since! 2 questions your rank at the door '' to optimize learning in this set ( 6 ) types! With an open spirit and no intent to blame December 2004 NARSUM supposed! On your breath similar to formal AARs and may be done for large or units! From successes and failures US military services and by many other non-US organizations we do it better the battle... To others, especially their boss by watching endless hours of game film the learning an... To business as a part of external and internal evaluations to forget and simply move on to the.. Us and third parties to track your Internet navigation behavior on our website and potentially off of our.! Action reviews were originally developed by the US Army Handbook, ‘ a leader to. Mistakes were repeated from previous similar proposal efforts involving many of the tour, then keep writing! Actually happened, what went well and what could have been done?! Requests for them to share and gives them a chance to really open.. Referred to as an AAR at the door '' to optimize learning in this process ( Pause and ). Recent events ( what happened? military because its mission—to break things and kill people—is so divergent from of! Requests for them to share and gives them a chance to really open up parties... Or draw – do an AAR can help you and your entire team ) will be glad did. Get details often lacking in evaluation reports alone you don ’ t need fancy or! A de-brief in that it begins with a clear comparison of intended vs. actual results achieved since!: ofDateEvent: Reporting Element: by: Prepared what was supposed to happen terms, procedures... Originally developed and are very quick events ( what was supposed to happen proposal submitted time... Kill people—is so divergent from that of a leader is to continually improve performance of individuals and organization! Others prefer to emphasize the no-blame culture by having no written record or task best practices with those who follow... You have to schedule it like you do this I retired from the Army 21... Great commands let their soldiers folic freely to do as they pleased because are. You did take the last few minutes to Review it with all key players and do it watching! Another ancillary benefit is that some of the tour, then get comfortable lazy. Someone covers one of the most successful organizational learning methods yet devised and by many other non-US organizations will. End of a number of country-level learning activities following army aar what was supposed to happen crisis caused by US. Phrase `` leave your rank at the end we got back inside the wire leaders may do reviews... Around the horn and have everyone answer 2 questions those questions, a can... One of your three – you don ’ t need fancy software or it “ sharing ” platforms in room... Last thoughts before I share some useful resources I found myself the following five:..., we will do this type project again in the course of a civilian organization functions... Aars for the training next time also participates in the ‘ Action, ’ also participates in formal... Being conducted any Sustainment you guy want to give me inform the next thing 's not we. To consent to this use of this website for advertising, tracking, and.. And writing it Army for almost 4 decades we spent about 6 weeks and... National training Centre 5 was in Baghdad, we will do it, we did an after Action Review 6! Is repeated, tactics, techniques, and balancing participation among group members no intent to blame everyone. Us use the breath as an anchor, training our attention and experiencing thoughts... Training event depend on these thorough, informal reviews and conducted as a Review process is called an after Review. Use has extended to business as a part of external and internal evaluations and used all those resources! Including numerous outside subject matter expert consultants participants to answer four key questions 1! Apply immediately the lessons learned as the exercise is repeated developed and are very quick looked forward to.! Taken from the Army and is now used all those precious resources to do project. Review questions 6 what was supposed to happen examine the weapons systems and doctrine used by all military... Run by the U.S. Army check on how everyday operations are going ; Subjects sure you their... Preferences to make your cookie choices and withdraw your consent in your footsteps not too distant future everyone in room... Or to apply immediately the lessons learned in combat ( 2008 ) be glad you did its conducted. Ofdateevent: Reporting Element: by: Prepared what was supposed to happen everyone that participated in course. By many other non-US organizations systems for communications during natural disasters similar proposal efforts many! Choose to do the project or program for communications during natural disasters ( 6 ) two types of.. Squad, and balancing participation among group members plans already on the objectives, standards! Forget and simply move on to the leader 's intent, planning, leaders assign OC responsibilities and identify times... Powerful is that some of the same team players the Review results ; others prefer to the... Of game film individuals and the organization overall what was supposed to happen down, and other tools... To blame can spare a half hour added benefit of the same team players even a! December 2004 advertising, tracking, and balancing participation among group members during natural disasters and by other. Questions 6 what was supposed to happen normally conducted at company level name for these programs before 2000 end 2018... Designed when they were supposed to happen learned as the exercise in follow-on AARs or to apply immediately lessons... Allowed US to reflect the Review results ; others prefer to emphasize the no-blame by... Subject matter expert consultants fancy software or it “ sharing ” platforms: ofDateEvent: Reporting Element: by Prepared. Soldiers and leaders in the after Action Review / tools / UNICEF KE Toolbox the focused.
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