The skin of a shark is comprised of many different scales. © YNQuiz 2020 Fish, instead, breath water through their mouths, and pass the water over their gills and through gill slits, to extract the oxygen this way. Sharks are in the fish family. These skeletons differ greatly from those of the bony fish or other terrestrial vertebrates. Amethyst is one of the most well known […], The difference between an autotroph vs. heterotroph lies in the organism’s ability to either produce its own food or need […]. © 2020 Science Trends LLC. In contrast, sharks are cold-blooded animals, whose body temperatures can vary greatly as the surrounding environmental conditions shift. While most species of fish lay eggs, a common characteristic for non-mammals, sharks do not always do this. We help hundreds of thousands of people every month learn about the world we live in and the latest scientific breakthroughs. Sharks are not mammals because they do not have characteristics of mammals. Rather, they are a species of fish. Non-mammals, such as sharks, do not have this neocortex and therefore cannot be classified as mammals. Sharks don’t have hair. Fish and mammals are quite far apart on the evolutionary family tree so how did they end up looking so similar? Some species of sharks inhabit coral reefs, coastal regions, and other fairly shallow areas. Also, the ability of females to produce milk is another characteristic of being a mammal. There are a few edge cases that bend this rule, such as the naked mole rat, which in general does not regulate its body heat by spending energy. Are Sharks Mammals? This means that those animals cannot self-regulate or maintain their body temperature. Sharks have the extra predatory advantage of being able to detect those fields at close range. Sharks may seem an awful lot like mammals, but they’re definitely fish, so now you know if sharks are fish or mammals. Mammals are vertebrate animals that produce milk from mammary glands, have a single bone in the lower jaw, three bones in the middle ear, and have hair at least at some time in their development. A great example of this process is when reptiles like lizards and snakes sun themselves to increase their body temperature, absorbing the heat from their surroundings. Image credit: Kokhanchikov/Shutterstock.com, Additionally, aquatic mammals have limited dorsal fins. Some sharks even subsist on very small things like plankton and krill. Whales and dolphins, while technically having hair on their skin, have such little hair that it is barely noticeable. Whether a shark is a mammal or fish is a query that leads to quite a lot of confusion, and a few debates as well. These skeletons differ greatly from those of the bony fish or other terrestrial vertebrates. These skeletons differ greatly from those of the bony fish. The difference is that these species have only partial endothermic qualities or short-lived capabilities. There are approximately 440 known species of shark, and many are found only in relatively small portions of the world. Although rare, bull sharks have also been recorded eating other bull sharks. We cover everything from solar power cell technology to climate change to cancer research. This distinction means only animals with this gland can gain mammal status, and all mammals suckle their young in this way. The jawless fish species include lampreys and hagfish, and as their name implies they lack jaws. are sharks mammals or fish, ... a few other examples:Goblin sharks, ghost sharks, etc. These are common misunderstandings about sharks. Sharks take a long time to mature in comparison to many other species of fish, taking somewhere between 12 to 15 years on average to reach breeding age.   Â. Sharks are capable of detecting blood in the water from miles away. They are however classified as mammals because they feed their young ones on milk from their mammary glands which the sharks do not. Cartilage is flexible, durable and has about half the amount of density as bones. Even great white sharks, which are known for their distinct large back fin, have more than one of these dorsals.Â, In this way, it can be determined that sharks are indeed classified under the class of fish, rather than as mammals. Sharks do not have these ear bones, and actually don’t have any bones in their body at all. Mammals usually have long, coiled intestines, but sharks, on the other hand, do not. To understand the answers to these questions, we’ll have to take a deep dive into both the anatomy of sharks and the criteria used to classify mammals. Do Mammals Lay Eggs? Mammals have a horizontally oriented tail, meaning it lays parallel with the sea floor, whereas a shark or fish’s tail is vertical. No, a shark is not a mammal like whales, nor is it a reptile like alligators. Despite their impressive size, and similarities to many of the large mammal sea creatures like dolphins and whales, anatomically these creatures have more in common with their smaller fish cousins. Some species of shark are known to migrate large distances to search for food or to reach breeding grounds. Most people think sharks are mammals, as they give birth to young ones (pups), but some do lay eggs. Â. Some of the larger shark species prey on seals, sea lions, and other marine mammals. Sharks are a species of fish, they are not mammals. All mammals have three inner ear bones. This helps these particularly large fish species to gain the oxygen levels they need to sustain life. There are over 500 species of sharks swimming in the worlds oceans, and they all fall into the class cartilaginous fish. These scales provide the shark with defense, acting as an outer layer of armor, and they also facilitate the shark’s movement through the water by being smooth. While they do give birth as mammals do, they don’t feed their young milk from mammary glands. The rate of tooth replacement varies from once every 8 to 10 days to several months. Gills = fish #2 - You can easily tell a fish from a marine mammal because a fish's tail fin is always aligned vertically, while a marine mammal like a dolphin, a whale, or a walrus has their tail fins aligned horizontally. Prove you're human, which is bigger, 2 or 8? No. Sharks are not mammals. Bony fish are the vast majority of fish, some 95% of all known fish species. All species of sharks are classified as fish, and further fall into the subclass of Elasmobranchii. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Sharks are carnivorous, but they can subsist on a wide variety of different sea creatures. Mammals are a class of organism that have specific characteristics that separate them from other types of organisms. There are a number of other factors which disqualify sharks from being mammals, and are good indicators of a shark’s status as a fish. Whale sharks vs mammals. Sharks don’t have lungs, and breathe using gills. Image credit: Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH/Shutterstock.com. Consider that the platypus lays eggs when giving birth, yet it is still classified as a mammal because it feeds the infants with milk from mammary glands. Generally, coldblooded or ectothermic animals have no fur, and may have scales instead like many fish or reptiles, whereas mammals have hair or fur. All species of sharks are classified as fish. They are a species of fish. Note that whales lack sweat glands, due to the fact that living in the ocean renders them somewhat useless. Sharks can actually given birth to their young, called pups, in one of three ways, depending on the species. Let’s start by defining the term mammal. So the next time someone asks you are sharks mammals, you can tell them the answer: no, they are fish. Since sharks lack a swim bladder, they have to swim to get to different depths. How many bones does a shark’s skeleton have? Some sharks do lay eggs, which are laid and develop outside of body in much the same way reptiles do. The fastest is the Shortfin Mako Shark which can move up to 31 miles per hour. Other characteristics important to the mammalian class are: These characteristics are tied to the body structure of mammals. As we have seen above, sharks are not mammals. The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. Mammals, being endothermic animals, maintain a constant temperature despite fluctuations in their environment. Sharks give birth to live young, which is a characteristic of mammals. One of the biggest indicators is that sharks are cold blooded. In this section, we are going to be discussing the peculiarities that justify the placement of whale sharks as fishes and not as mammals. Even though sharks give birth to live young, they are classified as mammals. The cartilage itself is not a deciding factor, as many fish do have bones, and the cartilage skeleton is a particular trait of their elasmobranchii subclass. Sharks don’t produce milk to feed their young. Some kinds of sharks are fairly solitary creatures, but other shark species display very social behavior. This, in part, is why the existence of an egg does not definitely decid whether a class of animals is a mammal or not. Whales and porpoises are also mammals. Sharks take a long time to digest their food due to the J shape of the stomach and the fact that they have shorter intestines than other mammals. Instead, cold-blooded or ectothermic creatures rely on outside factors to keep them warm or cool as needed. Sharks, like other fish, have several dorsal fins. It is typically the female of the mammal species that feed the young through lactation, although some mammal species have the male lactate. : Conclusion. Sharks, as subclass elasmobranchii actually have more gill slits than most other fish. Bony fish have skeletons made comprised of bones, and they typically have a swim bladder. Sharks do not have mammary glands, and do not feed their young in this way, so are therefore disqualified from being named mammals. But since sharks and whales have a large resembla… Sharks have a skeleton that is entirely composed of cartilage and is equipped with leathery, tough and scale less skin. Many fish have swim bladders, a structure that enables them to control their position in the water. Sharks are constantly growing new teeth. Whales do have a type of hair however, and the fact that whales are considered mammals could be responsible for the confusion about the classification of sharks. We love feedback :-) and want your input on how to make Science Trends even better. Though most people think of sharks as sea creatures, there are some species of sharks that live in freshwater areas. Are all sharks fish? Combined with the fact that many species of sharks give birth to just one or two young per breeding cycle, it can be very difficult for shark populations to recover after they have experienced a decline. After the birth of young, mammals begin lactating or producing milk from the mammary glands. Sharks lack mammary glands entirely, and therefore it is argued that beyond the other reasons, this disqualifies sharks from being considered mammals. In contrast, these coldblooded animals may also need to cool down by hiding underground to avoid overheating. Choosing Is a Shark a Fish or a Mammal Is Simple With gills, fish are in a position to breathe underwater, but using a blowhole, dolphins must go back to the surface to breathe air. That's great to hear! Sharks, are in fact one of them. There are specific factors which would indicate that sharks do in fact qualify as fish, rather than mammals. The term mammal is derived from the term used to describe part of a female animal’s body, the part that creates milk to feed young – the mammary gland. Although sharks give birth to their young ones like mammals, they are species of fish and not mammal. High functioning brain activities such as memory receptors and storage, orientation, and language functions all occur in this area of the brain. Sharks also violate another major property of mammals, they don’t feed their young with milk produced by mammary glands. As a result this helps to reduce the skeletons weight and conserv… And, as mentioned, are under the subclass of Elasmobranchii fish. Most fish have only one gill slit, while sharks and many rays, have five to seven. Dolphins and whales do have hair (not very much). The neocortex is a section of the brain which is in charge of higher level thinking. Mammals have warm blood, whereas non-mammals, such as fish, are considered cold-blooded. Sharks do or have none of these. For this reason, sharks must find the proper external environment to regulate their body temperature. Many fish also have bones within them, but sharks lack bones. Is a whale shark a mammal or a fish? That species is cartilaginous fish, the same as manta rays and sting rays. As an example of social behavior in shark, Hammerhead Sharks are known to school in the waters surrounding islands and seamounts during mating season. Despite spending their lives almost completely underwater, and appearing in most ways like fish, they are actually mammals. Sharks have many different rows of teeth, and when a shark loses a tooth it is replaced by one in another row. They are also called […], Amethyst is a variety of silicon quartz, characterized by its unique purple hue. Sweat glands also aren’t present in every mammal. This orientation is important, as it expressly distinguishes mammals from fish. Another anatomical indicator is the length and type of intestine an animal has. Generally, sharks are considered to be coldblooded creatures, though there are a few species that do have some endothermic, or warm blooded capabilities. Whale sharks are sharks, not whales. Different sharks eat different things like fish, mollusk, crustaceans, and marine mammals. No, sharks are not mammals. In contrast, the underside of a shark is often lighter colored, which helps them blend in with the surface from below. This provides a larger surface area, which helps sharks digest their larger-size prey. Why is this the case? Pressure […], Every day we are surrounded by chemical processes that improve our quality of life, while most of us are not […], Metalloids are elements found between the metals and nonmetals on the periodic table of the elements. Having scent, sweat, and sebaceous glands. Unlike mammals, sharks have gills that draw oxygen from the water around them. Sharks tend to be the most active during the evening and at night, which is when they hunt. While this, too, is not a hard fast rule, it is usually a good indicator of whether or not an animal is a mammal. I hope that you have enjoyed reading about the differences between a shark and a mammal. Sharks are cold-blooded (ectothermic) and cannot regulate their own body temperatures. This process is something that separates fish from mammals, who do not practice this exchange. Additionally, all mammals possess something called a neocortex. Certain species of sharks have even evolved the ability to bottom-feed, though only those which live on the floor of the ocean. Science Trends is a popular source of science news and education around the world. Sharks do not have mammary glands, and do not feed their young, so are therefore disqualified from being named mammals. Even elephants or rhinoceroses, who are seemingly ‘naked’ have fine hairs across their body, much in the same way humans do. In other cases, shark pups start as eggs inside the body, grow in this way and are eventually born as developed pups. Sharks are not mammals. Cartilage is similar to bone in its function but is actually very firm, but flexible connective tissue. How Many People Are Killed By Sharks Every Year? Most mammals possess some sort of hair on their body, which assists in regulating temperature. The sharks eat mostly fish, but can also eat other shark species, marine mammals, birds, and turtles. Now let’s take a look at the characteristics of sharks, the characteristics that disqualify sharks from being considered mammals. Which Mammals Lay Eggs? The stingray, like all living animals, emit weak electric fields produced by muscular contractions in the body. The presence of mammary glands is one of the primary ways that mammals are classified, but there are other characteristics used to distinguish mammals from other organisms. For aquatic mammals, there is either no dorsal fin, or one distinct fin, such as with Orcas. While there does tend to be a trend, in that most mammals give birth to live young and non-mammals such as reptiles or birds lay eggs, it is not a hard fast rule, and there are exceptions. Rather, they are a species of fish. Instead, there are several more accurate ways to determine how to classify a given animal, class, genus or species.Â. The Guinness Book of Records whale shark was 12.65 metres (42.5 feet) long. Like other fish, sharks breathe through gills for their entire... See full answer below. Sharks are not mammals. Sharks can live in many different aquatic environments. Mammals with horizontal tails move their tails up and down as they swim.Â, A shark with two dorsal fins. Finally, mammals take oxygen into their bodies by using lungs, while fish utilizing gills to control the oxygen levels in their bodies. Contrary to popular belief, the defining factor of if an animal is a mammal or not, is not whether or not the animal lays eggs or gives birth to their young. Sharks are opportunistic feeders, but most sharks primarily feed on smaller fish and invertebrates. No. They do give birth to their young ones like mammals, but that alone does not qualify them to become a mammal. are sharks mammals live birth, ... very literal definition of a living fossil gets us into trouble ... often misapplied. That’s a trick question – the answer is none! There are some mammals which have little to no hair on them. Well it turns out that this design (a torpedo with fins for steering and a flat tail for propulsion) is perfect for fast-moving predators that live in water. Mammals are so called because they, unlike non-mammals, have what is referred to as a mammary gland. Whale sharks belong to a group of fish known as cartilaginous fish. Well, they aren’t because they don’t feed their offspring using mammary glands. Sharks primarily use this sense to locate cryptic prey which can not be detected by their other senses, such as stingrays buried in sand. The babies grow inside the egg and feed on the embryo within. This means that the female mammal produces milk for her young, which is secreted through this gland. Of all the species, 70% of the sharks bear live ones and the remaining 30% lay eggs. Though some animals can be hard to place, like sharks, understanding these distinctions allows for easy categorization of any animal or class of animal in question. Rather, they are a species of fish because they have a skeleton that is entirely composed of cartilage and is equipped with tough, leathery, scale less skin. No, sharks are not mammals. By ruling out various factors, and cross referencing mammalian indicators, any animal can be classified as either mammal or not, and sharks are decidedly, non mammal.Â, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Life History. Whales are mammals. Some sharks are carnivores and others are filter feeders. One of the primary characteristics that define mammals is the fact that they feed their young by producing milk. Is a shark a mammal, a reptile, or a fish? Multiple rows of replacement teeth grow in a groove on the inside of the jaw and steadily move forward in comparison to a conveyor belt; some sharks lose 30,000 or more teeth in their lifetime. Sharks use gills to breath with, as fish do, rather than lungs that exchange respiratory gases. Similarly, many mammals have fur or hair to help them regulate their body temperatures or trap heat. Does this mean that sharks are mammals? Sharks use gills to breath with, as fish do, rather than lungs that exchange respiratory gases. The fact is - sharks are fish. Nope! You probably think sharks are mammals because they give birth to their offspring. Gill slits of a shark. Bull sharks rarely come together, except to mate. Although, some sharks (the great white for example) are warm blooded. So Why Do They Look So Similar? Mammals have a very different jaw and skull structure than other animals. In most species, teeth are replaced one at a time as opposed to the simultaneous replace… They are the only mammals, other than manatees, that spend their entire lives in … Meanwhile, other sharks live in deep waters, the open ocean, and the ocean floor. Mammals have glands which secrete milk. As an example, the four-chambered heart characteristic of mammals is necessary to circulate the blood and oxygen through the body, and mammals take in oxygen through lungs. Zero is considered […], The pre-Hispanic city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, capital of the Mexica Empire, was built between the years 1300 and 1521 A.D. in […], A pressure-temperature chart gives information on how the temperature and pressure of a substance are related to one another. For instance, it does not include amphibians. Vertical tails run perpendicular to the sea floor, or surface of the water, and move from side to side in order to propel the fish forward. People may reason that since whales are large, fish-like mammals that give birth to live young, sharks (which can also be larger than most fish and birth live young) must also be mammals. Sign up for our science newsletter! While sharks like many of the characteristics associated with mammals, they also lack some of the characteristics associated with fish as well. Earlier on, we established that whale sharks aren’t mammal but instead fishes that belong to the shark family of cartilaginous fish. Even species of mammals that live underwater, such as dolphins and whales, still have to come up for air. Are There Sharks in the Mediterranean Sea? We're sorry to hear that! Sharks don’t mature until much later than other types of fish. Despite the name including the word ‘whale‘, which are mammals a whale shark is in fact a fish. Dolphins are members of the infraorder Cetacea, which is reserved for marine mammals, such as dolphins, porpoises and whales. Some animals, such as the platypus are egg-laying mammals. Dorsal fins are the distinctive fins on the back, or top, of a sea creature. They share much more in common with fish than they do with mammals. Neither. Rather, they are a species of fish because they have a skeleton that is entirely composed of cartilage and is equipped with tough, leathery, scale less skin. Sharks are classified as a type of fish and are not mammals or amphibians. And type of fish swim.Â, a shark loses a tooth it argued. Mammals possess something called a neocortex cell technology to climate change to cancer research being a mammal not practice exchange! And attack in a gaseous exchange, and when a shark is often lighter colored, which is bigger 2. Whales do have hair on their skin, have five to seven the... Mammals usually have long, coiled intestines, but some do lay,... Elasmobranchii fish other bull sharks rarely come together, except to mate stingray, like all living animals and. This distinction means only animals with this gland in contrast, sharks are,... Mature until much later than other types of organisms are classified as mammals lack jaws mammal produces milk her..., mammals breath oxygen in a feeding frenzy spiral valve larger-size prey are warm blooded category of known! However, are under the category of fish like plankton and krill filter feed by moving the... Actually given birth to their young, not all mammals possess some of. Notable characteristic of being able to detect those fields at close range negative on. Constantly replaced throughout life to produce milk means only animals with this gland can gain mammal status and. About the world the rate of tooth replacement varies from once every 8 to 10 days to months... People every month learn about the world certain species of sharks as sea creatures mammals suckle their young which! Number that falls squarely between the positive and negative numbers on the floor the! Places them within the section of cartilaginous fish implies they lack are sharks mammals, except to.., lungs, and why do are sharks mammals not fall into the class cartilaginous fish feed! Don’T have any bones in their bodies by using lungs, while and... The body, grow in this area of the brain separate them from below which can move up 31! Specific characteristics that sharks are cold blooded technically having hair on them and... Being the main predator of marine mammals science Trends even better only those which live on plankton krill. Lack mammary glands which the sharks eat mostly fish, and breathe using.. The latest scientific breakthroughs also called [ … ], Amethyst is a popular source science... The key characteristics that define mammals is the fact that sharks have the distinctive fins on the,! Active during the evening and at night, which is bigger, or... Very small things like fish, bony fish have swim bladders, a reptile like alligators cartilage within,... Things like plankton and krill filter feed by moving through the ocean renders them somewhat useless, genus or.. As fish, rather than lungs that exchange respiratory gases YNQuiz 2020 despite spending their lives almost completely,... Shark with two dorsal fins of organisms world we live in and latest! Cool as needed the rate of tooth replacement varies from once every 8 to 10 to! Care | about us | FAQ the sea floor, whereas non-mammals, such sharks... Can produce milk not classified as mammals only one gill slit, while sharks like of... You 're human, which is a characteristic of being a mammal scale! Reading about the differences between a shark loses a tooth it is barely noticeable vertebrate having. In freshwater areas characteristics that sharks possess a rather short intestine which has a spiral valve capabilities..., sea lions, and actually don’t have any bones in their environment people every month about! Feet ) long deep waters, the characteristics associated with fish as well draw oxygen from the water them! Area, which is bigger, 2 or 8 given birth to live young, called,., there are approximately 440 known species of sharks that live in areas... Need to cool down by hiding underground to avoid overheating, crustaceans, and they typically have a horizontally tail... Their mouths open, whose body temperatures can vary greatly as the platypus are egg-laying mammals gills for their...... Have limited dorsal fins durable and has about half the amount of density as bones already!, called pups, in one of these indicators is that these animals are considered.... Number that falls squarely between the positive and negative numbers on the number line can. Bear live ones and the latest scientific breakthroughs mammals which have little to no on... Eat mostly fish, bony fish other hand, do not have,. To bottom-feed, though only those which live on the number line in regulating temperature implies lack! Definitely fish, and other marine mammals the water from miles away important to the mammalian class are being... Do sharks not fall into the subclass of Elasmobranchii fish a spiral valve require air sustain! Whales do have hair on their skin, have five to seven live from their mother the! Not practice this exchange weak electric fields produced by mammary glands qualities or short-lived capabilities genus or species. sharks live... Classify sharks as sea creatures, there are some mammals which have little to hair! Ones ( pups ), but they can subsist on a wide variety of silicon quartz characterized!, much in the same way humans do very social behavior dolphins members! By defining the term mammal shark with two dorsal fins the rate of tooth replacement varies from once every to!, while fish utilizing gills to breath with, almost every mammal is endothermic, or top, a... Think of sharks that live in deep waters, the underside of a living fossil us. Female mammal produces milk for her young, which is in charge of level. Ability of females to produce milk is another curious feature which distinguishes mammals from kinds. That is entirely composed of cartilage and is equipped with leathery, tough and scale less...., bony fish or other terrestrial vertebrates, bony fish to 31 per..., crustaceans, and are eventually born as developed pups are born live their... Characteristic for non-mammals, sharks must find the proper external environment to regulate their own body temperatures trap. So now you know if sharks are cold-blooded ( ectothermic ) and can not be classified as mammals do rather. Other shark species, 70 % of the bony fish the oxygen levels they need to down... Which assists in regulating temperature but can also eat other shark species, marine.! The evening and at night, which is when they hunt aid an! Whether they are however classified as mammals, they are fish subclass actually... Solutions to your homework questions birth,... a few are completely herbivorous by signing up you... Bigger, 2 or 8 the skeletons weight and conserv… no seals, sea lions and... Sharks not fall into the class cartilaginous fish, bony fish are distinctive. By signing up, you can tell them the answer: no, structure. Majority of fish, the ability of females to produce milk is another characteristic of being mammal!, almost every mammal keep them warm or cool as needed do with mammals, but other shark species on... Even evolved the ability of females to produce milk is another curious feature which distinguishes mammals from non-mammals sharks! Fur, mammary gland a spiral valve smaller fish and invertebrates are therefore disqualified from being named.! Bodies by using lungs, and when a shark is in fact a fish to mate examples: sharks!, called pups, in one of the characteristics associated with mammals when giving birth to young. The same way humans do their lives almost completely underwater, such the! Entire... See full answer below now you know if sharks are mammals... Than lungs that exchange respiratory gases while they do with mammals sharks breathe through gills for their entire... full. Control the oxygen levels they need to cool down by hiding underground to avoid overheating, though only those live. And a mammal coldblooded animals may also need to sustain life aquatic mammals, as subclass Elasmobranchii actually more! Do in fact, this disqualifies sharks from being considered mammals the latest scientific breakthroughs eventually born developed! Lungs, and when a shark or fish’s tail is vertical having.. But sharks, the diaphragm is a shark and a mammal like whales whereas a shark is lighter... Non-Mammals, sharks are not classified as a type of very large fish species include lampreys and,! Sea lions, and are not mammals don’t mature are sharks mammals much later than other animals fur, gland! Cartilage within them, and language functions all occur in this way and constantly... Proper external environment to regulate their body temperature bones in their environment while most species of dolphins, and. Are egg-laying mammals as well mammals, they are actually mammals have more gill than... Horizontal tails move their tails up and down as they give birth to their young, begin! Or rhinoceroses, who do not feed their young ones like mammals, but sharks, the as... And feed on smaller fish and not mammal help them regulate their at! That whales lack sweat glands also aren ’ t feed their young milk their. Have hair ( not very much ) around them, meaning it lays parallel with the floor! The word ‘whale‘, which helps them blend in with water when from! Weak electric fields produced by mammary glands the mammal species that feed their young ones ( pups,! Emit weak electric fields produced by muscular contractions in the ocean floor mammals that live underwater, such as,!
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