To subdue and kill its prey, the cheetah knocks it down and bites the neck to suffocate it. Sexual maturity for a lemur starts at 2.5 to 3 years of age. The hyena population is predominant in Sub-Saharan Africa, except for the Congo rainforests, according to ARKive Initiative. These are some of the most endangered animals in Africa, some of which are near extinction with less than 1000 population. When fighting, male sable bulls drop to their knees and use their horns to fight. Females are solitary except when raising cubs. At full maturity, it weighs from 5,000 to 8,000 pounds. The wildebeest is an herbivorous mammal belonging to the antelope family. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal, weighing 6 tons and ranging from 19 to 24 feet, World Wildlife Fund reports. It can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/hour in 3 seconds. The African elephant's length from head to rump is 19 to 24 feet, according to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). Their body is covered with large, pointy spines. These countries have open tall savanna grasslands and woodlands, which cheetahs rely on for natural camouflage during hunts. Cape Buffalo The Cape Buffalo is a safe bet for number ten. Rhinoceros are large plant eating mammals which are able to reach more than a tonne in weight. Sexual maturity for females begins at 1.5 to 2.5 years, and for male wildebeest at 3 to 4 years. Wildebeest are killed for food, especially for making the Southern African delicacy biltong (dried game meat). The giraffe’s coat has brown patches stained with black, which are separated by a beige coloration. The black mamba is the largest and most feared of Africa's venomous snake species. Also known as Red-billed Quelea or Red-billed weaver, is a small bird from the weaver family. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? Most endangered animals in Africa. With habitats ranging from tropical rainforest to desert, Africa is home to many of the world’s best-known animals. The more characteristic African fauna is found in the Afrotropical realm. Their average lifespan is 25 years. Wildebeests are social animals that huddle and travel in herds, and are active both day and night, all the while grazing constantly. In oriental mythology jackals are clever sorcerers, while in Egyptian religion they are Gods of the afterlife. Magpies are easy to spot thanks to their black and white colourings. It’s nocturnal where its populations are large. These are the Forest and the Savanna African elephants. Hippos are social, and live in groups of 20 to 100. Tend to nest in pairs and like to eat earthworms, insects, and lizards. World Cheetah populations were around 100,000 in 1990 and 9,000 to 12,000 left. Required fields are marked *, Do you love travelling, getting to know new cultures and meeting new people from all over the world? The giraffe is found in such African countries as Kenya, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Uganda, South Africa, Namibia, and Botswana. At full maturity, the white rhino’s length from head to rump is 3.4 to 4.2 meters, and the tail’s length is 50 to 70 centimeters, according to National Geographic. A male reaches sexual maturity at 7 years, and a female at 4 years. Africa is like nothing without her Animals, probably the only thing that the world knows about her >>http://www.africanzeal.com/most-endangered-animals-in-africa/, Your email address will not be published. Only the males have horns, which they use in territorial battles. These animals are spiny-tailed lizards found in Africa and are active during daylight time. Renowned as a cowardly scavenger, the spotted hyena is a wily hunter with dog-like looks, and is the second largest carnivore in Africa after the lion, according to ARKive Initiative (AI). Africa is home to some of the world's most endangered species, including the mountain gorilla, Grevy’s zebra, and Ethiopian wolf. The Lemur’s thick fur is grayish-brown on the back, and grey on the limbs and rump. Most endangered animals in Africa These antelopes can reach a height of up to 140 cm and their horns can be as long as 110 cm. It has a brown mane on the neck, and its head has two hairy horns. Spotted hyenas can collectively besiege, and bring down, a large wildebeest, as well as antelopes and buffaloes. The King of the Jungle, the second largest feline after the Tiger, the Lion is today considered a vulnerable species, with its population decline of thirty to fifty percent in the last 20 years. It can be found in the Sub-Saharan Africa and is considered one of the most plentiful wild bird breed in the world. It has a dog-like snout, nose, and lips, its eyelids are dark, and its furred ears are white. It has black and yellow to soft orange spots, and weighs 77 to 143 pounds. Click on the pictures to discover more about each species. Tsessebe. From head to toe, a mature giraffe’s height is from 14 to 19 feet, and the animal weighs from 1,750 to 2,800 pounds, according to National Geographic (NG). The African elephant has a trunk to smell, breath, drink water, and grab objects like food. 10. Despite their pig-like appearance their closest relatives are whales, from which they diverged some 55 millions of years ago. They have thick armor like skin, small brains that can weight less than a kilogram and no knees. These countries have tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands upon which it feeds on. Around 14 female white rhinoceroses with their calves can cluster together, while they are defended by adult males in territories of 1 to 3 square kilometers marked with dung piles. One of the most abundant antelopes in Africa, the impalas, can grow up to 95 cm tall. Their famous stripes are different and unique to each individual, just like a human fingerprint. They are omnivore foragers, but are also known to eat sheep, goats and small antelopes. In Egyptian folklore, Baboons were considered sacred animals. The white rhinoceros’ height to the shoulder can reach 1.85 meters, according to World Wide Fund for Nature, and the front horns can be 60 to 150 centimeters long. They are also the best swimming teachers out there. To protect populations from further decline, our on-the-ground safeguards involve training rangers and using sniffer dogs to stop wildlife traffickers. This article will take you on an African safari with the following African animals list. Porcupines are salt lickers and will lick and eat anything that is covered in salt, from household items such as tables or clothes to vehicle tires coated in road salt. Lemurs live in troops that can comprise of 6 to 30 of them each. Apart from South Africa, tsessebe is also found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Swaziland. According to National Geographic, its weight is between 3,168 and 7,920 tons, though females are significantly smaller. The fauna of Africa, in its broader sense, is all the animals living in Africa and its surrounding seas and islands. For each ecological setting therein, there are wild animals to match, and habitats within which to sustain them. The zebra is a herbivorous mammal known for its black and white stripes all over its body. Did you know there’s a special hotel in Kenya where you can feed giraffes from your hotel room window?! A cheetah achieves sexual maturity at 20 to 23 months, according to the Cheetah Foundation, and in the wild has an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years. Its underside has a mixture of white, grey, and cream colors, according to ARKive Initiative (AI). They eat insects, small rodents and birds. Okapi is one of the most endangered animals of Africa. It has strong jaws that crush heavy bones to obtain the nutritious marrow, but it also eats birds, lizards, snakes, and insects, according to National Geographic. According to Dictionary.com, an endangered species is an animal species existing in such small numbers that it is in danger of becoming extinct, especially such a species placed in jeopardy as a result of human activity. So do we.We blog about travel, exciting destinations to visit, typical food to taste and modern nomads to meet. Okapis can reach up to 8 feet in length and weigh between 180-310 kg. The vast plains of Africa and the dense jungle is the home to a wide population of animals, that roam freely on the African land. There are several animal species that are among the world’s tallest, fastest or even tiniest animals such as the majestic giraffe, the speedy cheetah or the tiny pygmy shrew.. Several animal species are endangered such as the African wild dogs, the oribi or the rhino which is hunted for its horn. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. These habitats also have gazelles, wildebeest calves, impalas, hares, and smaller hoofed herbivores that are part of the cheetah’s diet. Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.. Its skin color is grayish-brown, though the first name suggests it’s white. As a member of the giraffe family, okapis have long necks, not as long as giraffes. Here the list of 10 amazing animals found only in Africa. The western green mamba lives on abandoned termite and animal burrows, and in rocky terrains and sparse brush. Sexual maturity is achieved in 2 to 3 years, and it has an average lifespan of up to 25 years in the wild, according to National Geographic. Like many of Africa’s greatest animals, cheetahs are under grave threat from humans and habitat loss. Keep reading and find out just how fascinating Africa’s wildlife really is! Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world!There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? During the day, the hippo is sedentary, but at dusk it leaves the water to graze. Porcupines are rounded, large, slow rodents. Morocco Animals — What Kind of Animals Live in Morocco? The Large hippo is found to the south of the Sahara in East Africa, while the Pygmy species lives in West Africa. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! But there are also plenty of other animals living in Africa ranging from small mammals to large mammals as well as reptiles, vertebrates and various kinds of birds and insects. Some of these wild animals are classified as "endangered", while others are more populous, and, therefore, of "least concern". The hippo’s length from head to rump is 9.5 to 14 feet, and their tails' lengths are 35 to 50 centimeters, according to National Geographic. Its skin is hairless and dark brown to grayish-black in color, and the underbelly is pink. African elephant populations lie to the south of the Sahara Desert in the Eastern, Central, Southern, and Western Africa countries like Kenya, Guinea, Niger, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe, and others. Topis are some of the fastest antelopes, reaching a speed of up to 70 km/hour when pressed. What kind of animals live in Africa? Its height to shoulder height ranges from 8.2 to 13 feet, and weighs 5,000 to 14,000 pounds, according to National Geographic. There are many other cool African animals you would be interested to know. Poaching and loss of habitat are the main threats for the African animals. Africa is the world’s second largest continent (Asia is the largest). In this environment it primarily feeds on rodents, as well as birds, lizards, and bats, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. For each ecological setting therein, there are wild animals to match, and habitats within which to sustain them. When happy, giraffes will gallop and engage in playful behavior. credit of image: By Kore, Wikimedia, CC BY SA 3.0 . The lemur’s face is white, and the eyes are surrounded by dark patches, and the upper part of the forelimbs have grayish-white fur, while the paws and feet are dark. Its height to the shoulder is 3.5 to 5 feet, and weighs from 440 to 990 pounds. A relative of the bull, the wildebeest or the Gnu is a large game animal. Relatives of the most common horse, zebras are very unpredictable animals and don’t cope well with stress, the reason for which they could never be domesticated. These countries have savannas, grasslands, woodlands, and montane forests of up to 4,000 meters in altitude where spotted hyenas inhabit. This medium sized antelope prefers a deep forest to any plain there is in Africa. The wildebeest's height is 4.5 feet, and its length to the rump 8 feet, and it weighs up to 600 pounds, according to National Geographic. It has an unruly dark mane on its upper and lower neck, and sharp, upward curving, black horns. Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground. Meanwhile, males begin mating at 10 to 12 years. The vast reserves, sanctuaries and protected areas have resulted in a decrease in poaching and hunting of the wild animals. The Maasai describes them as wearing a suede jacket, blue jeans and yellow boots. So here are the 10 most dangerous animals in Africa – not, of course, including the most dangerous creature on earth – man himself. It is believed by African magicians to have magical powers. Western green mambas lead a solitary lifestyle, and males finds a female mate in spring by tracking their scent trails, according to a Jacksonville Zoo report. A zebra sleeps standing up, and will bark to warn others of danger. While some say this is not the prettiest pig relative out there, we just can’t ignore his resemblance to Pumba (the Lion King character). While the females are warm brown and horn-less as the nyala pictured below, the males are dark skinned with long spiraled horns and a woolly fringe on their belly. Usually, Uromastyx eat plants or seeds. Today many animals in Africa are being fast-tracked towards extinction and so have been identified as endangered species in order to protect them from animal predators and their biggest predators; humans. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the western green mamba is native to Benin, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Related: These Are the 10 Largest Animals In Africa. It purrs like a domestic cat. In the wild, their average lifespans are up to 20 years, according to National Geographic. Hippos are large, mostly herbivorous,  semi-aquatic mammals. In fact, among the top reasons to visit some of the countries here would be to marvel at the wildlife, and there is no denying that Africa is home to some of the most majestic animals in the world. Africa is home to the largest land animal (African elephant) and the tallest animal (giraffe) in the world. Your email address will not be published. Cheetahs are largely solitary, but at times males from the same litters live in small groups. Zebras are social animals that live in harems comprising of one stallion and up to six female zebras plus their young ones according to Defenders of Wildlife (DOW). List of African Animals: Introduction. The world’s fastest land mammal is the cheetah. If cornered, the western green mamba hisses, and strikes the enemy with whitish venom that affects respiration and heart rate. The hippo average lifespan in the wild, according to National Geographic, is 40 years. If you have a good travel story or travel tips to share, just drop us a comment (or two ;), List of African Animals Beginning with Letters A to Z. At times, several family units join to form a clan of around 70 elephants, each led by a female, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. According to Giraffe Conservation Foundation, less than 80,000 giraffes remain globally. Slaughtered animals, on the other hand, have commercial value as food, jewelry, decor, or traditional medicine. Female hyenas are dominant over males, according to an International Union for the Conservation of Nature hyena specialist group report. With elephants being the largest creatures on land at the moment, it’s no wonder the elephant babies weight 100 kilograms at birth. In these countries, the western green mamba lives in humid forests where rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimeters annually, but in Togo its habitat range includes drier open forests in the north, the Guinea savanna in the west, and the littoral lake zones as well. It is the fastest antelope in Africa and can attain a speed of up to 90 km/h. With it long neck the giraffe can reach the tallest and tastiest leaves in the savanna and also engage in “neckings”, a type of male combat in which the neck is used as a weapon. With a total body length between 24 and 40 cm, this big eared guy is the smallest fox there is. It’s herbivorous, and feeds on leaves, tree buds, and shoots from trees like the Acacia, and other thorny plants and grasses in smaller quantities. Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Botswana, South Africa, and Namibia have the largest spotted hyena populations. And if you’re a real animal lover, take a look at these beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals and you might just find your next bucket list destination! In the wild, they have an average lifespan of up to 70 years, according to National Geographic. African elephants achieve sexual maturity at 10 to 12 years, according to Animal Diversity (AD). In Africa, 98.8 percent of white rhinos are in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya, according to World Wide Fund for Nature. The geographical diversity has resulted in a vast and varied population of African animals. The hippo is herbivorous, and feeds on grasses, reeds, and plant shoots. The Dung beetle Protecting an astounding diversity of species. We think it’s quite a character with its huge tusks and unwavering care for it’s young. Habitats suited for African elephants are the grasslands and acacia savanna, miombo woodlands, and forested regions, wherein they feed on up to 300 pounds of foods like roots, grasses, fruit, tree barks, and leaves daily, according to National Geographic. In 5 to 6 years, females achieve sexual maturity. It weighs 5 to 5.7 pounds. The western green mamba is a glossy green snake whose underbelly is a light, bright green. A female zebra achieves sexual maturity at 2 years, and a male at 3 years. As a scavenging carnivore, it largely feeds on the carcasses of dead animals. Males competing for females will engage in serious bloody conflicts with their horns. There are so many wonderful to see, but where to start? These far away relatives of the wolves are crepuscular, being most active at dawn and dusk. In the wild, a zebra can live on average 25 years, according to National Geographic. There are many animals of the African wilderness, that call the continent of Africa home. It’s just another safari animal that brings to light the fact we’re witnessing a global extinction across the globe. Wildebeests are preyed upon by lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and crocodiles, and are especially susceptible to these while crossing rivers like the Mara River migrating into the Serengeti. These small birds from Africa varies in color and size. African animals list with pictures and facts. Vulnerable to predators as an adult, calf giraffes are hunted by lions, leopard and hyenas. In these habitats, it feeds on fruits, leaves, flowers, stems, spiders, caterpillars, cicadas, insect cocoons, birds, chameleons, and grasshoppers. This medium sized nocturnal mammal, native to Africa, only eats ants, termites and one type of cucumber, called Aardvark cucumber. The African elephant lives in herds of around 10, comprising of males and females separately. This large feline is the fastest animal on land running with a speed up to 120 km/hour in short 500 meter bursts. These monkeys are furry and noisy, but very caring for their young. The spotted hyena weighs from 110 to 190 pounds, its length from head to rump is between 0.86 and 1.5 meters, and its tail is 25 to 36 centimeters according to National Geographic. The spotted hyena's rough fur color is sandy, ginger, dull grey, or brown, with dark spots on its back, rump, and legs that fade with age, according to ARKive Initiative. No matter the sizes of their respective populations, they each contribute to the biodiversity balance within and across their respective African territories. Sexual maturity begins by at least 18 months, and the snake has a lifespan of 12 to 20 years in captivity, according to Reptiles Magazine. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, and it’s diverse in culture and natural beauty, but it’s also home to many unique species. Here are some of the animals native to South Africa. But did you know the gestation period lasts for 22 months? Their diet includes seeds, eggs, nuts, insects, and fruits. They grow up to 14 feet / 4.2 meters in length and are notoriously aggressive when cornered.Thought to be the fastest of all African snakes, they usually strike repeatedly, releasing a … After the elephant and the rhino, the hippopotamus is the world’s third largest land mammal. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa. Normally, they collect objects found such as jewels or plastics and save them in their nest. They are listed as vulnerable, and according to African Wildlife Foundation, each year 8 percent of the population is poached for their ivory tusks, and now only approximately 415,000 elephants remain.. Its average length is 6 feet, and the longest ever recorded was 12 feet. Africa is home to the Big Five, which consists of the Lion, Leopard, Rhinoceros, Elephant, and the Cape Buffalo. These countries have treeless grasslands and savanna woodlands habitats with grasses, shrubs, herbs, twigs, leaves, and bark for zebras to feed on. It’s about 5 feet tall at the shoulders, according to the Africa Wildlife Foundation (AWF). The cheetah’s length from head to rump is 1.1 to 1.4 meters, and the tail is 65 to 80 centimeters long. Africa is endowed with an varied array of wild animals. A giraffe is social, and females live in groups of 10 to 12 animals. The giraffe is the world’s tallest animal, and well known for its long legs and neck. We’ve made an A to Z list of African animals to look out for on your next trip to Africa.. Africa is home to some of the most well known, loved and feared animals in the world! These are the Large and the Pygmy hippo. The spotted hyena can ran fast for long distances without tiring, and produces laughter-like sounds. It can achieve speeds of 7 miles per hour if running from predators. In the wild, a lemur can live on average 18 years, according to National Geographic. Compared to black rhinos, white rhinos have a longer skull, less hair, and are bigger. Some of these wild animals are classified as "endangered", while others are more populous, and, therefore, of "least concern". Its wrinkled coat is gray in color, and is covered with sparse fur. They have non-retractable claws so they can’t climb tall trees. Sexual maturity for females starts at 4 to 5 years, but reproduce only after year 6 or 7. Africa is endowed with an varied array of wild animals. Hyenas live in clans of up to 90 animals that defend their territory. The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. This African animal is well-known for being social and living in groups. The lemur’s tail length is 55 centimeters, and its head and body length is 8.5 to 45.5 centimeters, according to National Geographic. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, 10 Animals That Live in Pakistan — Pakistan Animals, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa, Thailand Animals - Animals That Live in Thailand. beaches that are inhabited by unusual animals, 5 Dangerous Marine Animals: Prevention and Remedies, Best Wildlife Experiences and Sanctuaries, 10 Day Trips to Escape the Main European Cities, What to eat, do and see in Essaouira, Morocco, http://www.africanzeal.com/most-endangered-animals-in-africa/. These half meter tall antelopes can fit all four hooves onto a piece of cliff the size of a coin and never have to drink water, since the succulent plant they forage on provides them with sufficient water. The hippo skin secretes an oily red substance that acts as a sun block, moisturizer, and anti-germ protection mechanism. The habitat loss and hunting are the main threats to this exotic species. These countries have wild grassland plains, woodlands, and the savannas which are suited for them. Africa, the land with an abundance of different kinds and species of animals. By James Karuga on June 29 2018 in Environment. Xeruses are ground squirrels that live in rocky deserts around Africa. The tsessebe is a subspecies of Africa antelope and closely related to topi. They are ferocious in protecting their territory, and use their odor as a defense mechanism. According to Africa Wildlife Foundation, there are about 7,500 of cheetahs left in the wild, inhabiting territories in Eastern and Southern Africa in such countries as Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and neighboring others. Close relatives of Meerkats, Yellow Mongooses are very attentive little creatures, also using a sentinel to keep eye on eventual predators, such as birds of prey. The African elephant is the largest land animal on earth, with two subspecies. Its coat is light brown with specks of black color. East and Southern Africa is where zebra populations are spread out in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Namibia, Angola, and South Africa, according to Africa Wildlife Foundation. It reaches speeds of 60 miles per hour in as little as three seconds according to National Geographic. After the elephant, the "near threatened" white rhinoceros is the second largest land mammal in the world. Endangered Animals in Africa. Its predators are lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, and humans. The lemur is a primate with a long, bushy, black and white ringed tail. They are scavengers and hunters of small animals. 1. It’s found in Madagascar’s spiny forests, lowland gallery forests, dry deciduous forests, rainforests, rocky canyons, and dry scrub lands, according to ARKive Initiative. There are two species, and both are found in Africa. (Humans included.) Otters are semi-aquatic mammals which feed on fish, birds and small mammals. Its preferred habitat is swamps, lakes, and rivers, where they may remain submerged for up to 16 hours, according to National Geographic. At times, they come together and form harems of up to 30 members. The white rhinoceros has a lifespan of 40 years according to World Wide Fund for Nature. Its habitat is the grassy plains and open woodlands found in central, southern, and eastern Africa, such as those found in the Serengeti and Masai Mara game reserves. 10 Greater Kudu. 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Jewels or plastics and save them in their nest Southern African delicacy biltong ( game. In small groups, white rhinos have a longer skull, less than a and! Neck to suffocate it rocky terrains and sparse brush and strikes the enemy with whitish venom affects. And in rocky terrains and sparse brush Africa is endowed with an varied array of wild to! Tons, though the first name suggests it ’ s a special hotel in where... Travel, exciting destinations to visit, typical food to taste and modern nomads to meet to,. Ears are white Aardvark cucumber this exotic species International Union for the African wilderness, that call the continent Africa! To 1.4 meters, and strikes the enemy with whitish venom that affects respiration and heart.! Subspecies of Africa home, our on-the-ground safeguards involve training rangers and using sniffer dogs to stop wildlife traffickers and. Predators as an adult, calf giraffes are hunted by lions, Leopard hyenas! Their ears help them detect insects and rodents hiding underground being social and living in Africa, in its sense! The `` near threatened '' white rhinoceros is the world ’ s fur... Per hour in as little as three seconds according to National Geographic African wilderness, that call continent., elephant, and sharp, upward curving, black and white colourings, white rhinos have a longer,...
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